You don't know me better than I know myself


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We can track almost anything we want, and we are being tracked by others much more then we care to acknowledge, both in the digital realm and in the physical one. In the dark matter of the data shadows created from our tracked activities comes 'Ambient personalisation' and with it anticipatory services, not all these services are new, some we have been using and rely upon every day. What happens when our 'smart' things can anticipate our needs before we know what we want?.

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UCD2013 London
World Usability Day 2013 Bristol

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You don't know me better than I know myself

  1. 1. YOU DONT KNOW ME BETTER THAN I KNOW MYSELF Oli Shaw | FJORD | Service Design Lead 1
  2. 2. LIVING SERVICES @olishaw 2 What is it about? Its a talk about our relationship with ‘living services’ and in turn the invisible systems which empowers them. Looking at how these services are personalising how we interact with them, with a view to understand the implication for design.
  3. 3. RELATIONSHIP DESIGN @olishaw 3 Is the design of these living services more about relationship design rather then traditional forms of interaction or experience design?
  4. 4. EMOTIONS OF PERSONALISATION @olishaw 4 As Designers we need to consider the emotional aspects of what it means to have a service personalised to the individual.
  5. 5. TODAY, TOMORROW, & BEYOND 5 I’m going to be talking about the Today: What is currently happing in this space, Tomorrow: What the near future for is likely to be and Beyond that; into the aspirational possibilities and how they may play out both in a utopian and dystopian journey.
  6. 6. LENSES OF ‘HUMAN’ & ‘DESIGN’ 6 Looking at these concepts, I’m particularly interested in the human and design lenses we see them through.
  7. 7. DESIGN CHALLENGES TODAY 7 Designing products and services today has an exponential amount of challenges to overcome from kick-off to delivery, there is a mountain of technological devices where the experience can be had, there is an ever increasing amount of content to be navigated and consumed.
  8. 8. RESPONSIVE, ADAPTIVE, AGNOSTIC, AND SOON ANTICIPATORY IN SOME CASES AMBIENT ATTRIBUTES. 8 Being a designer today demands that your work is appropriately considerate of: Responsive, adaptive, agnostic, and soon anticipatory in some cases ambient attributes.
  9. 9. ‘SMART’ 9 The designs created have a need to be ‘smart’ - even thou I hate the use of that word; smart tvs, smart phones, smart website, smart app,
  10. 10. SMART FRIDGE... 10 Smart Fridge...
  11. 11. A FRIDGE HAS ONE JOB. 11 a fridge has one job…another rant for another time.
  12. 12. THE FUTURE IS GONNA BE AWESOME! 12 The future is gonna be awesome!
  13. 13. “The future is already here - it's just not evenly distributed” William Gibson 13 To expand on the quote “The future is already here – it's just not evenly distributed” (William Gibson),
  14. 14. “The future is already here - it's just not evenly distributed” 14 the future we where sold about jet packs, space travel and ray guns might not be real, but while we where busy wondering where our jetpack are, an entirely different future began to emerge, we have been living in a largely invisible an immaterial future now.
  15. 15. 15 Rewinding back to the 70s & 80s I want to show you this Burger King advert [video of bk advert] The service lets you personalise their product to your own tastes, just tell us what you would like. Which at the time was a differentiator worth advertising,
  16. 16. 16 [video nikeID] today we have services which take that concept much further from just having your choice of burger topping, like Nike ID where you can personalise your next pair of trainers to express your own creativity. But this is today, I want you to consider what tomorrow and beyond will bring. Imagine a service which personalises itself to you, without you having to tell it you don’t want pickles on your burger, or what colour combination your are going to want on your next trainers, it is already anticipating your desires and preparing them for you.
  17. 17. DRIVE-THRU MEAL PREDICTION 17 How about; a restaurant that can anticipate which burger you will want without you even asking? What about a restaurant that can anticipate when you’ll be coming in to eat? And has your desired meal ready for you within moments of your arrival. All without you having to do anything, you don’t even need to wait; you only action needed is to pay for your meal. Which might not even need to happen with the future of contact less payments and geofencing.
  18. 18. “Imagine setting up a rule in Nike+, he says, to have the app order you a new pair of shoes after you run 300 miles” Ebay’s Head of Strategy - John Sheldon 18 For a different example which was explored by Ebay’s Head of Strategy - John Sheldon, in wired: “Imagine setting up a rule in Nike+, he says, to have the app order you a new pair of shoes after you run 300 miles”. Taking it further, it doesn’t just order the same pair again it uses your profile to personalise the Nike ID shoes, to an individual and unique style tailored to your expressed style and tastes.
  19. 19. MARKETING FUNNEL 19 Services like the ones I just described bring into question the notion of the traditional marketing funnel. With these new types of living services, for consumers, its no longer necessary go through the stages of: awareness, interest, consideration, conversion and loyalty.
  20. 20. NO MORE DECISIONS NEEDED 20 The consumers don’t have to make choices any more, there ambiently selected by the service on behalf of the user.
  21. 21. “Ambient commerce is about consumers turning over their trust to the machine.” Ebay’s Head of Strategy - John Sheldon 21 When consumers are no longer having to think about what the should chose, traditional marketing becomes less relevant, instead consumer decision is based on which company is providing the best service which really ‘gets them’, the services which really ‘knows what I'm into’. What I want, when I want it, maybe even before I do.
  22. 22. ANTICIPATED POSSIBILITIES FROM SERVICES OPERATING IN THE PRE-NOW 22 As consumers begin to live in a new tomorrow, the services they use are providing anticipated possibilities not in real-time, these services are operating in the pre-now,
  23. 23. CHOICE IS REPLACED BY TRUST @olishaw 23 and choice is replaced by trust.
  24. 24. Mentalism “is a performing art in which its practitioners, known as mentalists, appear to demonstrate highly developed mental or intuitive abilities.” 24 Looking backwards and to a more human example of prediction & intuition: Mentalists, the individuals able to know what your thinking, it “is a performing art in which its practitioners, known as mentalists, appear to demonstrate highly developed mental or intuitive abilities.” The good mentalities have honed their craft to a point that it appears like magic, that they have supernatural powers. Are the services I’m describing going to be a digital equivalent? Possibly… But much like the art of mentalism there are good mentalists who can reveal your thoughts and secrets with an uncanny accuracy, and then there are the average / crappy mentalists who can fumble their way to guessing your last meal.
  25. 25. WONDER & DELIGHT 25 What a good takeaway from this art for the digital services we design is the wonder when they perform and the delight in the audience by experiencing their intuitive powers.
  26. 26. WHAT YOU MIGHT LIKE TO BUY 26 Today. We have the average; in some cases crappy mentalism come recommendation services. Amazon tells us what else we might like to read or buy,
  27. 27. WHO YOU MIGHT KNOW 27 Facebook & LinkedIn tell us whom we might know
  28. 28. WHAT YOU MIGHT LIKE TO WATCH 28 and Netflix tell us what we might like to watch.
  29. 29. EXAMPLE OF TOMORROWS LIVING SERVICES: 29 In tomorrows living services we might encounter scenarios like these examples:
  30. 30. If you pay an extra £50 a month you’ll end your mortgage 3 years early MORTGAGE 30 Say I have a mortgage, I login to my mortgage service, it offers me a suggestion; that if I pay an extra £50 a month overpayment on my mortgage I could pay it off 3 years earlier. And you know, I’ll consider that and I might just do it, more then that I'd be happy with the service making that suggestion to me.
  31. 31. If you pay an extra £50 a month you’ll end your mortgage 3 years early MORTGAGE Looking at your current account, you could spend £50 a month less on Dominos Pizza and put it towards your mortgage 31 Take the same scenario an push it a bit further, I have a mortgage, the service suggest I pay an extra £50 a month, but this time the service goes a bit further, the service has in the background reviewed my current account and has identified that I’m regularly spending money on dominos pizza, its seen that I’m ordering once or twice a week. Using this insight the service has suggested that I could have one less take away from dominos each week, I'd have that £50 to put towards my mortgage. In essence the service is now telling me that I could be better spending my money on my Mortgage then on a ‘luxury’ of a pizza each week. In principle this suggestion is coming from a place of good, I probably shouldn’t be eating so much take out and if I can pay my mortgage off fast I probably should.
  32. 32. DO I WANT THE SERVICE MAKING THAT SUGGESTION TO ME? 32 But do I want the service making that suggestion to me? Take it a step further still, say I agree with the service and I let it know that I’ll not spend on pizza and put it towards my mortgage. Now its late one evening; I decide that ‘you know what… to hell with it’, I’ll get a pizza, but then the order is declined, the payment won’t go though the service has decided that I shouldn’t be ordering pizza, which I had agreed with and it is ‘helping me’ by preventing me!!!!. Now I need an override button, but you know that it isn’t going to be easy to find, all in the name of helping me, help myself.
  33. 33. You see Coke and I see Pepsi TV SHOW EPISODE 33 Say I’m watching an episode of my favourite show, and when the ad break comes on all the adverts are actually relevant an personalised to me, which isn’t to much or a stretch of the imagination, with more content being streamed and the ability to target the ad made simpler from an infustracture point of view. But what about taking that concept even further, with more product placement happening in films and shows now, how about all the products that are interacting with the characters are personalised to me, the show you watch is different from the show I each, in that in your show they are drinking pepsi and in mine they are drinking coke.
  34. 34. BBC’S ‘PERCEPTIVE RADIO’ “As the play unfolds, the digital character mentions the time, local landmarks, whether or not it’s a nice day, and films playing at the local cinema.” 34 But why stop there, we could look at changing the content itself, like the BBC’s ‘perceptive media’ experiment which is a radio play that ‘localises’ itself to the listener adjusting the content to “local information, such as the date, time of day, the listener’s location and the weather. As the play unfolds, the digital character mentions the time, local landmarks, whether or not it’s a nice day, and films playing at the local cinema.”
  35. 35. CAR INSURANCE 35 Say I’m a young driver and my insurance is astronomically high, how about a service which can offer you cheaper insurance based on how you as an individual actually drive, a good way of bringing your car insurance cost down.
  36. 36. 36 [video of Ingenie advert] The Ingenie ‘black box’ as they call it can monitor how you drive: including speed, acceleration, breaking and cornering. So what happens when they map this with GPS tracking, they can know if you where speeding and probably much more then that. What happens then, do they automatically report you to the police, and the first thing you know about it is a speeding fine through the post? Or if your and your black box where to be involved in an accident it will create a new layer of detail to the crime scene model, yet this will only cover the telematics and not necessarily the whole picture of the accident.
  37. 37. You know theres an ideal role coming up for you... CHANGING JOBS 37 How about if LinkedIn could predict when you where unhappy and potentially looking to change jobs, what if it could make some helpful suggestion on which companies where likely to be interested in someone with your skills and experience, better then that they have recently had a few people leave in similar roles so its likely that they might be looking and then the service helps you contact the right person to enquire about a job.
  38. 38. CHANGING JOBS Here is a chart of who is most likely to leave: 38 But turn that round and look at it from an employers perspective, LinkedIn provide a service to companies in which it will give them a chart showing the employees which have been scored and are most likely to be looking to leave, sometimes even before the fully realise themselves.
  40. 40. 40 How about if Facebook could use it’s analysis of your actions on the site to anticipate when you where likely to breakup with your partner?
  41. 41. Your going to run out of toothpaste a week on Tuesday... SUPERMARKET 41 How about if your supermarket can observe your purchasing habits, it can anticipate when your going to run out of toothpaste and which brand your likely to purchase, it takes this opportunity to send you some discount vouchers for an offer on toothpaste. [Which I’ve heard tescos club card data can anticipate when your likely to run out of toothpaste, I’m certainly never too sure when its gonna run out, with the same accuracy].
  42. 42. SUPERMARKET I’ve been observing your purchasing and... 42 Take this idea further, how about a service which can observe your purchasing habits and recognises a change in your purchasing, through its analyses algorithm it has predicted that you are pregnant, better then that it knows how far along you are and when your likely to be due. The service can now begin to send you relevant discounts, offers and help guides for pregnancy dependant on your term and follow through to getting set up for the baby and once it is born. But what if you don’t know that your pregnant, or what if you haven’t told your partner,
  43. 43. 43 or what if like in this Target scenario reported by Forbes, your a teen girl living at home with your parents and your farther doesn’t know, but take it upon himself to go to the local target store and accuse the local branch manager that Target is trying to encourage his daughter to become pregnant through its mailings. Only to later discover that his daughter is pregnant but not told him.
  44. 44. UTOPIA OR DYSTOPIA 44 There is a clear utopian vision of what personalisation can do for us as individuals, but there are also a very real dystopian consequences to what this personalisation ability opens the door to. In this beginning of a design future thesis, I have explored some speculative thoughts, partly because right now we are not quite over the technology hump of having connected information flowing between systems and services. But…As soon as we have fully realised the necessary infrastructure, these plausible futures will rocket forwards advancing our lives at such a speed we won't have enough time to; understand or learn the systems.
  45. 45. “Too much change in too short a period of time” Alvin Toffler 45 But…As soon as we have fully realised the necessary infrastructure, these plausible futures will rocket forwards advancing our lives at such a speed we won't have enough time to; understand or learn the systems. Alvin Toffler wrote about this very notion in his book Future Shock, he described it as "too much change in too short a period of time".
  46. 46. 46 [video of Orson wells in future shock documentary]
  47. 47. 47 In the film The Net, Sandra Bullocks character has, in her own words, her whole life messed with... This film attributes this to hackers, but what of the same fears and problem when it is an algorithm doing it and not a human hacker? [Quote: Angela: I just don't, I don't understand. Why me? Why me? I am nobody. I am nothing. They knew, they knew everything about me. They knew. They knew what I ate, they knew what I drank, they knew what movies that I watch, they knew, they knew, they knew what, where I was from, they knew what cigarettes I used to smoke, and, and, and everything they, they did, they must have watched on the, on the Internet, I don't know, watched my credit cards? Our whole lives are on the computer, and they knew, they knew that I could be vanished. They knew that nobody would care, that nobody would understand, and that you would, that it wouldn't matter anymore.].
  48. 48. WHERE IS THE LINE IN THE SAND? @olishaw 48 I wondered where ‘the line in the sand’ is? Where is the line between a useful relevant service and one, which has more similarities to something creepy and like a stalker?
  49. 49. ADVICE PARENTING 49 Where is the line between a service that advises and a service that parents you? Are these services going to be more like Butlers who stand back when not needed, keep’s your secrets and makes suggestions for you to act on or ignore as you see fit. Or are these services going to be more like parents who remove decision from our control, who act on our behalf in our best interest without consulting us, like an authoritative figure in our lives?
  50. 50. BIOMETRIC HEALTH SENSOR 50 For example, while I might be happy to have an embeddable sensor implanted in my body, which monitors and tell me when my sugar levels are to high and my risk of diabetes is increased. Or that my cholesterol level has raised, which increases my risk of heart disease. I might not mind that this is connected to my doctor who can be informed of anything more serious and act accordingly. But I probably don’t want this link to my health insurance plan, which automatically goes up based on this data. Nor do I want the device to report to my employer that my liver is indicating that I have been drinking heavily every night for a week, and I defiantly don’t want it to automatically give my employer visibility of something more serious, be that a recreational activity or an illness which may effect my ability to work. That is the kind of conversation you want to have in person, and definitely after you have spoken to your doctor about it.
  51. 51. WE ARE AT A CRITICAL MOMENT IN THE DESIGN FIELD 51 As designers I believe we are inside a critical moment in our field. The products and services we are creating are becoming complex beyond the point of understanding, the algorithms which will power a lot of the ‘smart’ in these services is becoming so complicated no one person can understand it.
  52. 52. 52 As an indicator to observe the Guardian reported on the Nasdaq crash:
  53. 53. “The complexity of the systems created to support big data is beyond the understanding of a single person and they also fail in ways that are beyond the comprehension of a single person." Neil MacDonald, Gartner 53 “the understanding of a single person and they also fail in ways that are beyond the comprehension of a single person.” These so called ‘flash crashes’ are a result of when algorithm meets algorithm, they can spiral into a dance of escalating reactions. Looking at the service we design, what might the effects of this be when our services replicate this action? Our Facebook and eBay start to bounce of each other escalating each time.
  54. 54. WE ARE TRANSITIONING THE RELATIONSHIPS OUR USERS ARE HAVING WITH THESE SERVICES, SYSTEMS & MACHINES. @olishaw 54 The designs we create currently, are attempting to put user interface elements on to immaterial, intangible and often invisible systems that power these new living services. We need to remember that through our designs we are transitioning the relationships our users are having with these; services, systems and machines.
  55. 55. SERVICES WHICH CAN: ANTICIPATE, ADAPT AND AUTOMATICALLY MAKE DECISIONS FOR THEM @olishaw 55 We are taking our users into new uncharted ‘human + machine’ territory. In which our users are forced to experience new and complex emotions, as they’re now faced with a service that can anticipate their needs, adapt to their situation and in some cases automatically make decisions on their behalf.
  56. 56. INVISIBLE SYSTEMS BECOMING VISIBLE 56 There are already manifestations of where these complex invisible systems become visible, breaking through the invisible cloak and into something we can experience. Some are examples of where automation and human free decisions systems can go off course.
  57. 57. 57 Such as when the meme of ‘KEEP CALM’ took a dark twist at the hands of an automated algorithm, which resulted in t-shirts on sale through Amazon with the slogan ‘KEEP CALM and RAPE A LOT’.
  58. 58. “Although we did not in any way deliberately create the offensive tshirts in question and it was the result of a scripted programming process… We’re sorry for the ill feeling this has caused!” Solid Gold Bomb Company 58 The t-shirt company said, “Although we did not in any way deliberately create the offensive t-shirts in question and it was the result of a scripted programming process… We’re sorry for the ill feeling this has caused!”. In this instance it was just ill feeling that was caused, but what if the automated service has the ability to cause much greater damage to someone’s: relationship, employment, financial situation or something medical.
  59. 59. 59 Another example, which on the face of it is harmless, is when companies like Google are using your profile to advertise to others [google promotions].
  60. 60. 60 But even these can lead to dark results as in the case for Facebook [suicide example].
  61. 61. 61 Doctors have a responsibility to their patients not to do them harm. We designers, have a responsibility to our users to:
  62. 62. DESIGNER’S RESPONSIBILITY 62 • Make sure that the ability of “decision’’ is still in their control • That they understand of the value and potential applications of the information they are sharing or that they’re generating with these new services We need to better design how our users navigate these new relationships with the living services of tomorrow and beyond.
  63. 63. MATERIALS & CRAFT 63 A first step towards this is for designers to have a firm understanding of how these complex systems work, what goes into the immaterial world of these complex systems which feed and shape the services we are designing? There has been a lot of good talk about designers knowing how to code in order to understand the medium better, a return to craft and materials if you will.
  64. 64. MELTING POT OF SENSORS, ANALYTICS, MACHINE VISION, BIG DATA, ALGORITHMS AND MORE. @olishaw 64 To design the next and future waves of services, we need to invest the time to learn how this new technology works. Living services will be a melting pot of sensors, analytics, machine vision, big data, algorithms and more.
  65. 65. TRACKING THEMSELVES 65 People are already using more sensors then ever before like: phones, tracking products and connected devices. Enabling them to monitor everything from cardio activity to sleep patterns and much more in between.
  66. 66. 66 We are also being observed and profiled at an ever-increasing rate. What started with billboard ad’s knowing if they have been looked at, and then knowing the type of person that has looked at them.
  67. 67. 67 To vending machines, which can customise the selection of product based on the type of person looking at the screen. There are countless other advance and indicators of the direction and scope of the opportunity, such as:
  68. 68. 68 Face scanning emotions
  69. 69. 69 Sceen tap
  70. 70. 70 Sceen tap
  71. 71. 71 And I wanted to play you a short bit of this video [machine vision video] Part of the problem with understanding these systems is their invisible & immaterial nature this video is a compilation of things found by Timo Arnall, who is a pioneer in revealing the immaterialness of technology. His other work includes making Wi-Fi signals visible.
  72. 72. 72 [video of ‘a year in ad words’] Something else that has caught my eye in this area is the work of Erica Scourti’s work, she makes visible the exhaust of the algorithm, the project ‘A year in AdWords’ she describes as “I wrote and emailed my daily diary to my Gmail account and performed to webcam the list of suggested keywords linking to clusters of relevant ads, making visible the way we and our personal information are the product in the 'free' internet economy
  73. 73. WHERE WILL THIS ALL LEAD TO IN THE FUTURE? 73 Where will this all lead to in the future? I’m researching the other side of this visibility, and how artists are experimenting with camouflage them from this technology.
  74. 74. 74 The work of Adam Harvey is particularly relevant to this, his “Camouflage from Computer Vision” project explored ways of confusing facial recognition algorithms. I find it interesting to think how the technology advances might affect the visible cultural balance.
  75. 75. A PROBLEM OF VISIBILITY 75 Camouflage is fine, if you know what is looking at you It might make you motivate you to reconsider how walking down, prompting you to act differently to normal.
  76. 76. 76 But what happens when is less obvious? Like with these harmless adverts on bins...
  77. 77. Data including the "movement, type, direction, and speed of unique devices" was recorded from smartphones that had their Wi-Fi on. 77 It can record Movement, type direction and speed of a unique device
  78. 78. "It provides an unparalleled insight into the past behavior of unique devices -- entry/exit points, dwell times, places of work, places of interest, and affinity to other devices -- and should provide a compelling reach data base for predictive analytics (likely places to eat, drink, personal habits etc.)," 78 which can reveal places of work, places of interest, affinity to other devices (people) and can lead to predictions about personal habits!
  79. 79. "as some of the technology we will be testing will be on the boundaries of what is regulated and discussed it is our intention to discuss it publicly” Renew London CEO Kaveh Memari 79 Technology is advancing faster then the regulations are changing.
  80. 80. “People wishing to opt out should visit the Presence Orb website, which has instructions on how to prevent your phone's MAC address being picked up by their technology.” 80 But it’s ok, just go to the website and you can opt out - of something you haven’t opted in for...
  82. 82. 82 Are contact setting really the best way of a user interacting with the algorithm which personalises their news feed and controls what they share about themselves?
  83. 83. 83 Is it good design or even reasonable to expect a user to navigate through a vast amount of setting and preferences to control how their relationship with the service is?
  84. 84. 84 Clearly not when it results in the service ‘outing’ a student to her parents, not at her own choice but do to the inadequate design of the relationship between the user and the service. When designers get it wrong it can be life altering for the user “Bobbi Duncan desperately wanted her father not to know she is lesbian. Facebook told him anyway.”.
  85. 85. INPUT FIELDS & CAROUSELS WON’T CUT IT. @olishaw 85 Our design language needs to evolve to accommodate: the complexity, the often ambient, the more frequently adaptiveness, of these automated services which can anticipate before input is explicitly given. A new set of design patterns consisting of input fields, carousels won’t cut it,
  86. 86. NEITHER WILL DEBATING THE VIRTUES OF SKEUOMORPHISM VS. FLAT UI. @olishaw 86 nor will debating the virtues of skeuomorphism vs flat UI
  87. 87. #NOUI WILL NOT HELP OUR USERS UNDERSTAND WHAT IS UPON THEM. @olishaw 87 and #NoUI will not help our users understand what is upon them.
  88. 88. PEOPLE’S RELATIONSHIP WITH MACHINES IS CHANGING @olishaw 88 Their relationship with machines is changing, they need help in adjusting to this new anticipated automated way of living,
  89. 89. SEAMLESSNESS AND MAGICAL WILL NOT EASE THE LONG-TERM TRANSITION @olishaw 89 and simply making it seamless and magical will not ease the long-term transition.
  90. 90. ETIQUETTE FOR PERSONALISED SERVICES @olishaw 90 Our design language needs to advocate a new form of etiquette for these personalised services. We don’t want another Clippy, who didn’t even know when to keep silent.
  91. 91. "A computer should at least anticipate what you want, when you're happy or unhappy with something or you're frustrated. It should have a level of intuition around how you're feeling when you're using something." Phil Libin, Evernote CEO 91 "A computer should at least anticipate what you want, when you're happy or unhappy with something or you're frustrated. It should have a level of intuition around how you're feeling when you're using something. That's incredibly difficult - but it's fun to work on." Evernote CEO
  92. 92. HOW WE CAN REPRESENT THE RIGHT QUALITIES IN OUR DESIGNS? @olishaw 92 We need to be considering how we can represent quality like:
  93. 93. DISCRETION APPROPRIATE RELEVANCE EMPATHY @olishaw 93 Discretion - We need to show discretion with the knowledge we have of the user, protecting and turn a blind eye to some of their indiscretions, not blurting something out. e.g. Target - Pregnancy Relevance - We need to have earned our to be welcome, not wrong, not patronising or judgmental Appropriate - we should be know when to ask the question Empathy...
  94. 94. HOW WE CAN AVOID THE WRONG QUALITIES IN OUR DESIGNS? @olishaw 94 We should not be designing services that are or have the features that:
  95. 95. PATRONISE CONFUSE OBSCURE DICTATE @olishaw 95 confuse, obscure intent, perform malice, and dictate without negotiation…
  96. 96. ‘THE DATA MADE ME DO IT’ 96 As I consider the coming era of living, thinking, automated services, when the phrase “the data made me do it” is a valid rational.
  97. 97. TRUSTING SO MUCH WE CAN’T TELL WHEN IT’S WRONG 97 Weather it’s making decisions for us or we are trusting it so much we cant tell when it is wrong.
  98. 98. THANK YOU @olishaw © FJORD 2013 Confidential Page98 98