Deb Walther
Maine Adaptive Sports and Recreation
November 6, 2013
“Trick” kids into learning how to ski
Reinforce what was taught
Repetition is important but it gets boring

Just to have f...
Use their imagination
Engage them by making their bodies or the
equipment into something they can relate to

Use the mount...
Keep it safe
Kids are easily distracted during games
Set up boundaries

Let them be in charge
Where the hands and eyes go,...
Ages 3-5
Pay attention to EVERYTHING!!!
Wear emotions on their sleeves
If angry, then they are totally angry
Moods change ...
Ages 6-12
Socializing through school
Can listen to and follow directions
Keeping it fun = keeping their attention
Competit...
Teenagers
Social is everything!
Sensitive
Be yourself

Rapid growth spurts cause balance and
coordination issues
Revisit f...
Cognitive
Ability to process information

Affective
Social/emotional development

Physical
Explains how children move
Body...
Learning style
Readiness

Doer

Interest in play

Culture
Cognitive development
Hungry
Thinker
Tired
Fear
Anxiety
Physical...
Core Concepts
Balance, Edging, Pressure & Rotation

Teach a concept
Talk about it (Auditory)
Show it (Visual)
Do it (Kines...
Consider your speed vs. the child’s
Use smaller skis
Skid more on your turns
Consider turn shape
Kids make smaller turns
L...
Getting used to ski boots seems so boring
We need to give time to let kids acclimate to
boots
Big movements on skis can be...
Astronaut
Walk around in slow motion like you are an
astronaut on the moon

Hopscotch
Draw a hopscotch course in the snow
...
Tag
Set up boundaries (Frisbees, cones, paper plates)
Explain the rules
Tap a kid and say “Tag your it”
Play for 2-3 mins
...
Duck Duck Goose
Use the normal rules
Gets kids used to movement in the boots in one
direction
Play sitting down or standin...
Perform on flat terrain
Don’t rush
These exercises gets the skier used to the sliding
movement

Repeat 1 ski movements on ...
Have the child ski around a cone/Frisbee on
inside edge
They will lift the ski to turn
Promotes inside edge and early rota...
Pretend the ski is a scooter
Hands out in front (helps balance)
Use boot to propel
Have them slide as far as they can go
F...
Relay Race (performed on a flat surface)
Have the child traverse to pick up a toy and bring it
back
Advanced: race

Obstac...
Use this game when the skier is having difficulty
making the wedge shape
Ski a gliding wedge with a balloon between their
...
Use for teaching walking up the hill
Uphill leg is designated banana
Put a yellow ribbon or sticker on that leg

The other...
Have the child put their feet in the shape of a
penguin
Have the child walk up the hill like a penguin
Make noises (batman...
Follow me
Ski backwards with your hands in the air or a toy
Have the child follow you
Where the eyes go, the feet follow

...
Big Pizza/Little Pizza
Refer to the wedge as a pizza (makes it visual)
Small pizza’s go faster,
Bigger pizza’s go slower
B...
Red Light/Green Light
Red Light to stop, green light to go

Freeze
Yell “Freeze” for the child to stop in place
First turns are J-turns
Make the letter “J”
Skiing up the hill controls speed

Have the skier ski towards you and have the...
Terrain: Beginner to Green
Objective: Put pressure on the inside edge of
the outside ski, making the wedge turn easier
Ask...
Variation to get more edge: Tell them to show
folks the bottom of their outside ski
Sometimes results in transferring weig...
Use Simon Says to get the child to perform
movements and to keep their head up
Left/right turns/Stopping
Go slow/control s...
Talk about sports they play and where their
hands are (athletic stance)
Football stance
Lacrosse
Hockey
Tennis
Riding a bi...
Have them assume the athletic stance
Hands out front
Flex ankles
Make your boots squeak

Push then with 2 hands, slightly ...
This games helps to initiate the turn with the
inside ski
Introduction to wide parallel (French Fry) turns

Show the child...
This game gets the hands out in front (balance),
the turning of the steering wheel gets the feet
to rotate, applying the b...
Use a Frisbee as the steering wheel
Where the hands go, the feet will follow: rotation
will start to happen

Instead of sq...
Enhance the game:
Make car/truck noises when braking
Honk the horn
Make deliveries and pickups
Police car: pull me over
Ad...
This game can be used on many levels of skier
ability and terrain
Great for balance, independent leg movement and
other sk...
Once the child knows the “course” (stopping
points), let them lead from one stopping point
to another
Challenge and Imagin...
Ski Coach makes “railroad tracks” on the slope
Child follows the tracks
Considerations:
Your turns may force the child to ...
Beginner
Coach skis backwards waving hands or a toy
Child skis towards the coach/toy
Let the child catch you
Promotes “whe...
Use this game throughout the day
Works to keep the child’s head up
Have them “Hi Five” you as they go past you
Variation: ...
Use the Banana-Gorilla game again
The banana is on the downhill ski

Skis are erasers
Use your skis to “erase” the snow
Ge...
Teaching a child to ski backwards promotes all
four actions
“Cool factor”
Great for older kids with attention issues
Great...
Use breaks to have FUN!
Throw snow
Snow Angels
Tag
Wax skis

Use you imagination
Think like a kid by becoming a kid

Don’t...
The Children’s Skiing Games Reference by Jeff
Kennedy

Children’s Instruction Manual 2nd Ed. PSIA
Vail Resort’s Alpine & S...
Maine Adaptive Teaching Kids Through Games Deb Walther
Maine Adaptive Teaching Kids Through Games Deb Walther
Maine Adaptive Teaching Kids Through Games Deb Walther
Maine Adaptive Teaching Kids Through Games Deb Walther
Maine Adaptive Teaching Kids Through Games Deb Walther
Maine Adaptive Teaching Kids Through Games Deb Walther
Maine Adaptive Teaching Kids Through Games Deb Walther
Maine Adaptive Teaching Kids Through Games Deb Walther
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Maine Adaptive Teaching Kids Through Games Deb Walther

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Talk for Maine Adaptive Sports and Recreation on using games to teach kids to ski.

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Maine Adaptive Teaching Kids Through Games Deb Walther

  1. 1. Deb Walther Maine Adaptive Sports and Recreation November 6, 2013
  2. 2. “Trick” kids into learning how to ski Reinforce what was taught Repetition is important but it gets boring Just to have fun!
  3. 3. Use their imagination Engage them by making their bodies or the equipment into something they can relate to Use the mountain Engage curiosity Features: stopping, starting, point towards Fun: Snowball fights, snow angels Keep them moving Kids don’t want to hear us talk…
  4. 4. Keep it safe Kids are easily distracted during games Set up boundaries Let them be in charge Where the hands and eyes go, the feet follow Use games/tricks to get the first turns Don’t emphasize the turn until it happens
  5. 5. Ages 3-5 Pay attention to EVERYTHING!!! Wear emotions on their sleeves If angry, then they are totally angry Moods change on a whim Play learning and imagination work best May not understand competition Higher center of gravity Movements are large
  6. 6. Ages 6-12 Socializing through school Can listen to and follow directions Keeping it fun = keeping their attention Competition Growth spurts during season can result in changes in skiing ability
  7. 7. Teenagers Social is everything! Sensitive Be yourself Rapid growth spurts cause balance and coordination issues Revisit fundamentals Competition, challenges Introduce adult movements
  8. 8. Cognitive Ability to process information Affective Social/emotional development Physical Explains how children move Body shape, physical ability, age Rate of development varies
  9. 9. Learning style Readiness Doer Interest in play Culture Cognitive development Hungry Thinker Tired Fear Anxiety Physical Condition Mom Weather distractions Age Social Maturity Success Confidence Feeler Dad Visual Can-Do Attitude Disabilities Kinesthetic Equipment Motivation Pleasing others Sister Athletic ability Physical development Self-doubt Auditory Analyzer Brother Physical limitations
  10. 10. Core Concepts Balance, Edging, Pressure & Rotation Teach a concept Talk about it (Auditory) Show it (Visual) Do it (Kinesthetic) Practice it Use games to teach and practice With imagination, anything can become a game
  11. 11. Consider your speed vs. the child’s Use smaller skis Skid more on your turns Consider turn shape Kids make smaller turns Look for them “shortcutting” the turn Use a visual concept for left and right Lion= left Rhino= right Pizzas and French Fries
  12. 12. Getting used to ski boots seems so boring We need to give time to let kids acclimate to boots Big movements on skis can be made smaller in boots Don’t be afraid to take the skis off to teach a movement in boots Makes the movement less scary Learn to get up
  13. 13. Astronaut Walk around in slow motion like you are an astronaut on the moon Hopscotch Draw a hopscotch course in the snow Movements: hopping, individual leg movements
  14. 14. Tag Set up boundaries (Frisbees, cones, paper plates) Explain the rules Tap a kid and say “Tag your it” Play for 2-3 mins Teaches kids movement in many directions Use this learning for rotation
  15. 15. Duck Duck Goose Use the normal rules Gets kids used to movement in the boots in one direction Play sitting down or standing up Chasing Bubbles Blow bubbles and have the child chase them NOTE: Make sure you are in a protected area as the child’s focus will be on the bubbles, not on the other skiers in the area
  16. 16. Perform on flat terrain Don’t rush These exercises gets the skier used to the sliding movement Repeat 1 ski movements on both feet
  17. 17. Have the child ski around a cone/Frisbee on inside edge They will lift the ski to turn Promotes inside edge and early rotation Advanced: have them do the drill without lifting their ski Flat surface then slight incline Obstacle course (flat surface) Set up cones/toys Have the child go around the cone to pick up a toy
  18. 18. Pretend the ski is a scooter Hands out in front (helps balance) Use boot to propel Have them slide as far as they can go Flat surface then slight incline Use competition They will fall Use this opportunity to teach them how to get up Change feet and repeat
  19. 19. Relay Race (performed on a flat surface) Have the child traverse to pick up a toy and bring it back Advanced: race Obstacle course (flat surface) Set up cones/toys Have the child go around the cone to pick up a toy Can be done in boots, one ski or 2 skis They will fall: use this opportunity to teach them how to get up “Gorilla knuckles”
  20. 20. Use this game when the skier is having difficulty making the wedge shape Ski a gliding wedge with a balloon between their legs Imagine a basketball between the legs
  21. 21. Use for teaching walking up the hill Uphill leg is designated banana Put a yellow ribbon or sticker on that leg The other leg is gorilla Keep the banana away for the gorilla and have the gorilla catch the banana
  22. 22. Have the child put their feet in the shape of a penguin Have the child walk up the hill like a penguin Make noises (batman’s penguin works) Do in boots first, then skis
  23. 23. Follow me Ski backwards with your hands in the air or a toy Have the child follow you Where the eyes go, the feet follow Be energetic Let them catch you A chance for hugs!
  24. 24. Big Pizza/Little Pizza Refer to the wedge as a pizza (makes it visual) Small pizza’s go faster, Bigger pizza’s go slower Biggest pizza stops Works movement of legs: rotation of the ankles Hands making pizza shape also helps Add a “hop to stop” Have them hop to make the biggest pizza
  25. 25. Red Light/Green Light Red Light to stop, green light to go Freeze Yell “Freeze” for the child to stop in place
  26. 26. First turns are J-turns Make the letter “J” Skiing up the hill controls speed Have the skier ski towards you and have them reach for your pole As they approach you, rotate the pole behind you The skier will turn trying to catch the pole Where the eyes/hands go, the feet will follow
  27. 27. Terrain: Beginner to Green Objective: Put pressure on the inside edge of the outside ski, making the wedge turn easier Ask the child what kind of bug would they squish if they saw it Provide a list: make the bugs disgusting & scary Have them imagine a bug is under their big toe Squish the bug with all of their weight
  28. 28. Variation to get more edge: Tell them to show folks the bottom of their outside ski Sometimes results in transferring weight to the other ski This “game” works will all kinds of skiers
  29. 29. Use Simon Says to get the child to perform movements and to keep their head up Left/right turns/Stopping Go slow/control speed: “make 3 turns” Hop (balance and overall movement) Lift one leg out (independent leg movement) Wiggle your behind or other non-skiing movements (balance) Be silly: use “Simon” and “non-Simon” calls to be outrageous Clean the dishes Pretend to brush my teeth
  30. 30. Talk about sports they play and where their hands are (athletic stance) Football stance Lacrosse Hockey Tennis Riding a bicycle Throwing/hitting a baseball Off skis, have the child stand tall Push their shoulder with one hand They may fall backwards
  31. 31. Have them assume the athletic stance Hands out front Flex ankles Make your boots squeak Push then with 2 hands, slightly harder Make 3 turns standing straight up 3 turns in the athletic stance 3 turns with their hands all over the place Gets them off balance, may fall 3 turns with the athletic stance
  32. 32. This games helps to initiate the turn with the inside ski Introduction to wide parallel (French Fry) turns Show the child the game on the ski lift One ski is the cat, the other the mouse Don’t let the cat catch the mouse Move the mouse first Note: Child will ski with their head down to watch
  33. 33. This game gets the hands out in front (balance), the turning of the steering wheel gets the feet to rotate, applying the brake provides pressure Helps to keep their head up: don’t want to drive the car into the ground Many times leads to wide parallel turns Use imagination to get the child into the game: What kind of car/truck do you want to drive? What color? Hard top or convertible?
  34. 34. Use a Frisbee as the steering wheel Where the hands go, the feet will follow: rotation will start to happen Instead of squishing a bug, we are now applying the brake Have them follow you
  35. 35. Enhance the game: Make car/truck noises when braking Honk the horn Make deliveries and pickups Police car: pull me over Adds control of where to stop Advanced: Set up a road course using cones Adds control of speed and the need to turn on demand
  36. 36. This game can be used on many levels of skier ability and terrain Great for balance, independent leg movement and other skills Have the skier follow you, mimicking your movements Stick left arm out Ski on one ski Hop Wiggle behind Wiggle whole body Make short/long turns Hockey stops Hands in the air Hands down low Airplane wings
  37. 37. Once the child knows the “course” (stopping points), let them lead from one stopping point to another Challenge and Imagination sets in: they will want to be more outrageous than you were They must decide where to turn: terrain management
  38. 38. Ski Coach makes “railroad tracks” on the slope Child follows the tracks Considerations: Your turns may force the child to go faster than comfortable Observe if child is “shortcutting turns” Use long and short turns
  39. 39. Beginner Coach skis backwards waving hands or a toy Child skis towards the coach/toy Let the child catch you Promotes “where the eyes/hands go the feet will follow” Advanced Rule: Kids have to go where the coach goes, no shortcutting Ski large turns up hill, different directions NOTE: Exhausting for the coach, but a great energy builder
  40. 40. Use this game throughout the day Works to keep the child’s head up Have them “Hi Five” you as they go past you Variation: “High Five” followed by a “Low Five”
  41. 41. Use the Banana-Gorilla game again The banana is on the downhill ski Skis are erasers Use your skis to “erase” the snow Gets them to use the flat part of the ski
  42. 42. Teaching a child to ski backwards promotes all four actions “Cool factor” Great for older kids with attention issues Great for Hyperfocusing
  43. 43. Use breaks to have FUN! Throw snow Snow Angels Tag Wax skis Use you imagination Think like a kid by becoming a kid Don’t be afraid to be silly The more tricks you have in your bag, the easier it is to respond to the child’s ability
  44. 44. The Children’s Skiing Games Reference by Jeff Kennedy Children’s Instruction Manual 2nd Ed. PSIA Vail Resort’s Alpine & Snowboard Teaching Handbook by Carol Levine & Linda Guerrette Perfect Turn Manual System 5th Ed. By Ed Joyce Captain Zembo’s Skiing and Snowboard Teaching Guide 2nd Ed. By John Anderson PSIA Core Concepts for Snowsports Instructors PSIA

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