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Education theory for the Clinician by Sherbino


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This podcast is a (futile) attempt to translate for clinicians key theories from the field of medical education and the discipline of cognitive psychology. In other words, if you are a health professional who teaches or supervises learners, this podcast provides some foundational evidence that will improve the quality and efficiency of your approach. As a teaser… I suggest adult learning theory is NOT a theory.

In the first section – How We Learn – these key concepts are discussed:

- Knowledge is personally constructed, and not simply transferred from the teacher to the learner.
- Recall is better for learning than repetitively reading content (e.g. flash cards beat highlighting a text)

In the second section – How We Teach - these key concepts are discussed:

- Altering the sequence of information can improve learning (i.e. you can hack your memory by changing the order of information)
- Emotional activation is key. Not too much, not necessarily positive.

In the final section these myths are debunked:

- Learning styles
- Multitasking

For bonus material check out the ICE (International Clinician Educator) blog:

(link to specific post: )

If you’re interested in learning more about medical education literature, check out the KeyLIME Podcast (Key Literature in Medical Education) on iTunes.

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Published in: Health & Medicine
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Education theory for the Clinician by Sherbino

  1. 1. Education Theory for the Clinician Jonathan Sherbino MD MEd FRCPC FAcadMEd Associate Professor, McMaster University Adjunct Scientist, Program for Education Research & Development Senior Clinician Educator, Royal College Physicians & Surgeons
  2. 2. How we learn How we teach Myths
  3. 3.
  4. 4. How We Learn
  5. 5. 1. Knowledge is constructed (NOT transferred)
  6. 6. (Atkinson & Shriffin, 1968) (Baddeley & Hitch, 1974) (Baddeley, 2000)
  7. 7. (Atkinson & Shiffrin, 1968) (Baddeley & Hitch, 1974)
  8. 8. What is the best way to study? 1. (Re-)read with a highlighter 2. Flash cards 3. Draw a concept map 4. Don’t bother… just sneak a peek at your friend’s answers
  9. 9. 2. Recall is best for learning
  10. 10. How We Teach
  11. 11. 3a. Sequence
  12. 12. 3a. Sequence Serial Position Effect
  13. 13. 3b. Sequence von Restorff Effect
  14. 14. Should your teaching be stressful or peaceful 1. Stressful 2. Peaceful
  15. 15. 4. Emotional Activation (Posner, Russell & Peterson, 2005)
  16. 16. Myths
  17. 17. Which one of these things are true… 1. Lebron is greater than Michael 2. Every one has a unique learning style 3. Simon Carley has a sexy accent 4. A senior clinician can perform at least 2 complex tasks simultaneously
  18. 18. 1. Learning Styles
  19. 19. 2. Multi-tasking (Brumby & Salvucci, 2006)
  20. 20. @sherbino