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Malolos congress

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Malolos congress

  1. 1. After promulgating the Malolos Constitution, the Filipino leaders made preparations to inaugurate the first Philippine Republic .
  2. 2. The Malolos Congress or formally known as the "National Assembly" of representatives was the constituent assembly of the First Philippine Republic. It met at the Barasoain Church in Malolos City, Bulacan. It drafted the Malolos Constitution. The Congress was not much more than a decoration. "That is to show to the foreign correspondents that we Filipinos are civilized, but the bulk of the work in nation building were done at the Malolos Cathedral by the executive branch of government led by(Phiilppine President Emilio) Aguinaldo, who was in command of the army fighting the Americans," said attorney Cris Santiago, past president of the historical society of Bulacan (known as Samahang Pangkasaysayan ng Bulacan or Sampaka).
  3. 3. POLITICAL CONSTITUTION Following the declaration of independence from Spain on June 12, 1898 and transformation of the dictatorial government to a revolutionary government on 23 June, the Malolos Congress election was held between June 23 and September 10. On 15 September 1898, the revolutionary congress convened in Barasoain Church in Malolos (now Malolos City, Bulacan) with Pedro Paterno as president and Gregorio S. Araneta as vice president.[3] On 29 September, the 12 June Declaration of independence was ratified.[4] The congress then decided to draft a Constitution, a decision opposed by Apolinario Mabini, the Prime Minister of the revolutionary government (President of the Council of Government).[4] The resulting Malolos Constitution was ratified on November 29, 1898, signed into law on December 23, approved on January 20, 1899, sanctioned by President Emilio Aguinaldo on January 21, and promulgated on January 22.[5][6] The document states that the people have exclusive sovereignty. It states basic civil rights, separated the church from the state, and called for the creation of an Assembly of Representatives (A.K.A. National Assembly) which would act as the legislature. It also calls for a parliamentary republic as the form of government with the president elected for a term of four years by a majority of the Assembly.
  4. 4. LEGISLATION Major legislation Legislation Enactment Ratification Declaration of Independence June 12, 1898 September 29, 1898 Declaration of War against the United States June 2, 1899 June 2, 1899
  5. 5. Malolos Constitution Malolos Constitution[7] Approved Promulgated January 21, 1899 January 22, 1899
  6. 6. Leadership •President of the Revolutionary Government/First Philippine Republic: Emilio Aguinaldo y Fámy •Prime Minister of the Revolutionary Government/First Philippine Republic (President of the Council of Government): Apolinario M. Mabini Pedro A. Paterno elected on May 7, 1899 •President of the National Assembly (of Representatives): Atty. Pedro A. Paterno - Pedro A. Paterno of Santa Cruz, Manila •Vice President of the National Assembly (of Representatives): Gregorio Araneta •Secretaries of the National Assembly (of Representatives): Atty. Pablo Roque Tecson - Pablo Roque Tecson: Atty. Pablo R. Tecson of Balanga, Bataan and Atty. Pablo de Leon Ocampo: Pablo Ocampo of Quiapo, Manila.
  7. 7. Council of Government (Cabinet) Members •Secretary of Finance: Mariano Trías y Closas Hugo Ilagan elected on May 7, 1899 •Secretary of the Interior: Teodoro Sandico Severino de las Alas elected on May 7, 1899 •Secretary of War: Baldomero Aguinaldo y Baloy Mariano Trías y Closas elected on May 7, 1899 •Secretary of Welfare: Gracio Gonzaga •Secretary of Foreign Affairs: Apolinario Mabini y Maranan Leon Ma. Guerrero - Leon Maria Guerrero elected on May 7, 1899 •Secretary of Public Instruction: Aguedo Velarde •Secretary of Public Works and Communication: Maximo Paterno •Secretary of Public Works and Communication: Leon Ma. Guerrero - Leon Maria Guerrero •Representatives: Pablo Tecson: Brigadaire General Pablo Ocampo Tecson of San Miguel, Bulacan, who is a family to: Atty. Pablo Roque Tecson of Balanga, Bataan. And other Filipino Revolutionist.
  8. 8. General Aguinaldo (seated, center) and ten of the delegates to the first assembly that passed the Constitution, in the Barasoain Church, Malolos
  9. 9. Proclamation of Aguinaldo as Leader of Revolutionary Government at Malolos, January 23, 1899
  10. 10. AND THIS IS THE END OF MY REPORT . THANKS FOR COOPERATING!

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