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CA Industrial Storm Water
Program Brainslam
An intensive overview of the program,
its key principles, and likely future –
...
The view ahead….
Grand Slam Game Plan
• Two main concepts to take home from
this:
1. Effluent Limitations are not the same as
Receiving Wat...
SW Permits
• National Pollutant Discharge Elimination
System (NPDES) Permit
• Effluent Limitations
– Provisions
– Prohibit...
Technology Based Standards
• Industrial and construction: BAT/BCT
• Permits may require best management
practices (BMPs)
•...
Water Quality Standards
• Water Quality Standards are made up of:
– Beneficial Uses (designated to specific waterbodies),
...
Humboldt Bay
BUs:
• REC1
• REC2
• NAV
• WILD
• EST
• MAR
• MIGR
• SPWM
• SHELL
SW Effluent Limitations
Receiving Water Lim...
Humboldt Bay
BUs:
• REC1
• REC2
• NAV
• WILD
• EST
• MAR
• MIGR
• SPWM
• SHELL
Example
Storm Water (SW) Discharges
from an...
Humboldt Bay
BUs:
• REC1
• REC2
• NAV
• WILD
• EST
• MAR
• MIGR
• SPWM
• SHELL
Example
Storm Water (SW) Discharges
from an...
Compliance Scenarios
• ELs are violated and RWLs are fine
• ELs are violated and RWLs are violated
• ELs are fine and RWLs...
The Challenge of Numerics
• Effluent limitations can either be
“narrative” or “numeric”
• Numeric effluent limitations can...
NELs and NALs
Water Quality Technology
Numeric
Effluent
Limitations
WQBELs TBELs
Numeric
Action Levels WQBALs TBALs
WQBELs
• Derived from water quality standards
• Apply to the effluent at the point of
discharge
• Could include mixing zon...
TBELs
• Using the BAT/BCT approach, these are
derived from performance data on specific
BMPs (probably treatment control, ...
Action Levels
• aka Benchmark values in the MSGP
• These are typically a hybrid of technology-
and water quality-based val...
CA Expert Panel on Numerics
• Recommended differentiating between TMDL
based NELs and the rest of the pack
• Recommended a...
More on TBALs, TBELs, WQBALs
and WQBELs
• Effluent data is only helpful in setting
technology-based numbers if there is
mo...
Charts and graphs.
Industrial Facilities Inspected
FY10/11
Industrial Facilities Inspected
FY10/11
Industrial Facilities Submitting
Annual Reports FY10/11
Industrial Facilities Submitting
Annual Reports FY10/11
Next steps.
IGP - Next Steps
• Release new IGP draft (early November)
• Public, staff workshops (outreach) in
November and December
• ...
The Scoop
• Staff will recommend a continuation of narrative
ELs this permit cycle
• USEPA Benchmark values  quasi-WQBALs...
Greg Gearheart | 916-341-5892 | ggearheart@waterboards.ca.gov
Ca industrial storm water program brainslam
Ca industrial storm water program brainslam
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Ca industrial storm water program brainslam

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Ca industrial storm water program brainslam

  1. 1. CA Industrial Storm Water Program Brainslam An intensive overview of the program, its key principles, and likely future – slammed into a 20 minute format. Greg Gearheart, PE CA State Water Board 916.341.5892
  2. 2. The view ahead….
  3. 3. Grand Slam Game Plan • Two main concepts to take home from this: 1. Effluent Limitations are not the same as Receiving Water Limitations (dually enforceable under current scheme) 2. Numerics come in 4 basic varieties, but we have the technology to make new hybrids or varieties.
  4. 4. SW Permits • National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) Permit • Effluent Limitations – Provisions – Prohibitions – SWPPP (by extension) – Technology-based standards, mostly • Receiving Water Limitations – Water Quality Standards (WQS)
  5. 5. Technology Based Standards • Industrial and construction: BAT/BCT • Permits may require best management practices (BMPs) • In establishing requirements, permit writers use best professional judgment (BPJ) • NRDC v USEPA: states establish BMP requirements
  6. 6. Water Quality Standards • Water Quality Standards are made up of: – Beneficial Uses (designated to specific waterbodies), plus – water quality criteria; and – an antidegradation policy. • Beneficial Uses (BUs) are: • often not directly related to key water resource uses valued by communities (it might take a suite of them to protect wetlands and streams, for example) • Narrative or Numeric
  7. 7. Humboldt Bay BUs: • REC1 • REC2 • NAV • WILD • EST • MAR • MIGR • SPWM • SHELL SW Effluent Limitations Receiving Water Limitations Narrative: reduce pollutants using BAT/BCT - technology-based standard Do not cause or contribute to an Exceedance of a water quality standard (WQS). Numeric: could be technology- (TBEL) or water quality-based (WQBEL) Example Storm Water (SW) Discharges from an industrial facility to Humboldt Bay
  8. 8. Humboldt Bay BUs: • REC1 • REC2 • NAV • WILD • EST • MAR • MIGR • SPWM • SHELL Example Storm Water (SW) Discharges from an industrial facility to Humboldt Bay SW Effluent Limitations Technology-based BMPs: • Covering waste piles • Sweeping/cleaning of open areas • Treatment (basins) of solids • Etc. Receiving Water Limitations Numbers – TSS < 100 mg/L Narrative – “no toxics in toxic amounts”
  9. 9. Humboldt Bay BUs: • REC1 • REC2 • NAV • WILD • EST • MAR • MIGR • SPWM • SHELL Example Storm Water (SW) Discharges from an industrial facility to Humboldt Bay SW Effluent Limitations Technology-based BMPs: • Covering waste piles • Sweeping/cleaning of open areas • Treatment (basins) of solids • Etc. Receiving Water Limitations Numbers – TSS < 100 mg/L Narrative – “no toxics in toxic amounts” (1) Enforce ELs (2) Enforce RWLs
  10. 10. Compliance Scenarios • ELs are violated and RWLs are fine • ELs are violated and RWLs are violated • ELs are fine and RWLs are fine • ELs are fine and RWLs are violated • TBALs and WQBALs  indicators for ELs and RWLs • TBELs and WQBELs  direct compliance measures for ELs (in the case of WQBELs these also should ensure RWL compliance)
  11. 11. The Challenge of Numerics • Effluent limitations can either be “narrative” or “numeric” • Numeric effluent limitations can either be “technology-based” or “water quality- based” • Benchmark values are being used my many as training wheels for NELs – And just to be different, CA calls these “Numeric Action Levels” - NALs
  12. 12. NELs and NALs Water Quality Technology Numeric Effluent Limitations WQBELs TBELs Numeric Action Levels WQBALs TBALs
  13. 13. WQBELs • Derived from water quality standards • Apply to the effluent at the point of discharge • Could include mixing zone or dilution credit • If NELs are met, water quality standards (WQS) would be met (in theory) • Site specific!
  14. 14. TBELs • Using the BAT/BCT approach, these are derived from performance data on specific BMPs (probably treatment control, but could be others, too) • Apply to the effluent at the point of discharge • Probably somewhat sector specific, but otherwise generally applicable
  15. 15. Action Levels • aka Benchmark values in the MSGP • These are typically a hybrid of technology- and water quality-based values • MSGP values are derived from water quality criteria, however not site specific (nor are they CA specific) • If exceeded these generally do not constitute a violation of the permit
  16. 16. CA Expert Panel on Numerics • Recommended differentiating between TMDL based NELs and the rest of the pack • Recommended a specific approach to setting TBALs and TBELs • Technology-based numbers should be based on effluent characterization data – mean plus one or two standard deviations • Panel went on to say our data was not acceptable
  17. 17. More on TBALs, TBELs, WQBALs and WQBELs • Effluent data is only helpful in setting technology-based numbers if there is more known about the relationship to BAT/BCT implementation • Some individual NPDES permits for industrial storm water have WQBELs – Boeing SSFL, refineries, etc.
  18. 18. Charts and graphs.
  19. 19. Industrial Facilities Inspected FY10/11
  20. 20. Industrial Facilities Inspected FY10/11
  21. 21. Industrial Facilities Submitting Annual Reports FY10/11
  22. 22. Industrial Facilities Submitting Annual Reports FY10/11
  23. 23. Next steps.
  24. 24. IGP - Next Steps • Release new IGP draft (early November) • Public, staff workshops (outreach) in November and December • Public Hearing in December • Comment period ends • Staff digests and puts out FINAL draft for adoption • Adoption in Spring 2012
  25. 25. The Scoop • Staff will recommend a continuation of narrative ELs this permit cycle • USEPA Benchmark values  quasi-WQBALs (and TBALs) in draft • Progressive (iterative) approach, akin to CASQA recommendations from 2006 • Improve data quality and breadth of information gathered, per Panel  QiSP role and other features • Aiming for possible TBELs in next permit
  26. 26. Greg Gearheart | 916-341-5892 | ggearheart@waterboards.ca.gov

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