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Language Assessment Types

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an overview of test types in language testing Formal, informal, diagnostic, informative, summative

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Language Assessment Types

  1. 1. Testing & Evaluation Types of Assessment By: Ola Sayed Ahmed
  2. 2. Assessment Assessment is the ways instructors gather data about their teaching and their students’ learning (Hanna & Dettmer, 2004). E.g. pre-tests, observations, and examinations. Evaluation: a judgment of the instructor on the overall outcome of a certain student based on the assessment data.
  3. 3. Informal Assessment Informal assessments are those assessments that result from teachers spontaneous day-to-day observations of how students behave and perform in class.  Non-standardaized  Students are not aware of them  No scores.  No comparing to other students.  Classroom environment.  Less structured.  May not be validated or tested for reliability.
  4. 4. Informal Assessment Examples of informal assessment are:  Observation  5 minute quiz  Writing activity  Interviews  Performance reviews Can you provide more examples?
  5. 5. Strength of Informal Assessment  Without a lot of planning  less stressful for the students  receive immediate data and then plan accordingly  give the most accurate measure of a students true ability.
  6. 6. Weakness of Informal Assessment  any hidden prejudices  Students are not giving their 100 % motivation
  7. 7. Formal Assessment a systematic way to evaluate how well students are progressing in a particular instructional program.  Standardized tests  Students are aware of them  Scores are considered  Scores are compared  Could go beyond classroom environment.  structured  Are validated or tested for reliability.
  8. 8. Formal Assessment Examples of formal assessment are:  Final exams  Graded homework  Chapter tests  Research paper Can you provide more examples?
  9. 9. Strenght of Formal Assessments  Concrete and measurable evidence of learning.  Formal Assessment helps to sort students.
  10. 10. Weakness of Formal Assessments  Formal Assessment may be stressful.  Flawed test construction.
  11. 11. Diagnostic Assessment Diagnostic assessment can help you identify your students’ current knowledge of a subject, their skill sets and capabilities, and to clarify misconceptions before teaching takes place (Just Science Now!, n.d.).  can involve:  formal measurements (e.g. IQ/aptitude tests, fitness tests) that are used to establish a starting point or baseline.  informal measurements (e.g. observation, discussions, questioning)
  12. 12. Diagnostic Assessment Types of Diagnostic Assessment:  Pre-tests  Self-assessment  Discussion Responses  Interviews
  13. 13. Formative Assessment “it takes a good deal of support and courage for teachers to turn around their practices from being test oriented to being learning-oriented” Harlen 2005
  14. 14. Formative Assessment Formative assessment provides feedback and information during the instructional process, while learning is taking place, and while learning is occurring.
  15. 15. Formative Assessment Types of Formative Assessment:  Observation during class activities  Homework exercises  Question & answer session (formal & informal)  Warm ups
  16. 16. Summative Assessment Summative assessment takes place after the learning has been completed and provides information and feedback that sums up the teaching and learning process. It is product-oriented focusing on the last product of teaching. Rubrics are often involved to tell the students what is expected from them.
  17. 17. Summative Assessment Types of Summative Assessment:  Examination  Final examination  Term papers  Course evaluation  Projects  Performance  Standardized testing:  TOEIC - Test of English for International Communication  TOEFL - Test of English as a Foreign Language  IELTS - International English Language Testing System
  18. 18. Refrences  Harlen, Wynne. "Teachers' summative practices and assessment for learning– tensions and synergies." Curriculum Journal 16.2 (2005): 210.  Just Science Now! (n.d.). Assessment-inquiry connection.http://www.justsciencenow.com/ass essment/index.htm  http://www.niu.edu/facdev/resources/guide/ass essment/formative%20and_summative_asses sment.pdf
  19. 19. Ola Sayed Ahmed
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an overview of test types in language testing Formal, informal, diagnostic, informative, summative

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