Music in the ancient times By: Teresa Ares, Manuela Benítez, Sofía de la Cruz, Pilar Faria, María Fernández y Bea Melitón
HISTORIC CONTEXT• The Ancient Age began with the invention of writing and goes until the fall of the Roman Empire at the hands of the barbarians, in the V century AD, in 476. In this era developed advanced cultures in Asia Minor (Mesopotamia, Egypt, Palestine) as well as in Greece and Rome.
CHARACTERISTICS OF THE MUSIC• In Greece, the first symptoms appeared and written decipherable music are now preserved in manuscripts. It is from the Greek word from which comes the music (mousike) which includes both poetry and dance and music. They felt that the music comes from many Greek gods and Plato regarded as the basis of education.
OTHER CHARACTERISTICS In the Classical antiquity the general concepts of beauty were the harmony, order and proportion. Greek music is also known through the writings of Plato, Aristotle and Pythagoras.There were also found brief fragmentsof papyrus alphabetical notation and stoneinscriptions. In theaters, the choir and the instrumentalists were placed in front of the stage, in a space called the orchestra.
THE FUNCTIONS OF THE MUSIC• In Greece, the music had an educational character, as it was thought that it helped the social order. It was also credited an ethical value, it was thought that hearing a certain type of music influenced in the behavior. The music was closely associated with poetry and dance, especially in Greek tragedy.
MUSICAL MODES The Greeks invented the musical modes:• Doric: from d to D: Finalis: Re, Tenor: La, tessitura: re• Phrygian:from e to E. Finalis: I, Tenor: C, tessitura: mi• Lydian:from f to F: Finalis: Fa, Tenor: C, tessitura: Fa• Mixolydian: from g to G: Finalis: Sol, Tenor: Re tessitura: Sol
The Lute The Harp The Sistrum The Aulos TheThe Pipe Organ Zither The Lyre
Video explicativo•http://www.youtube.co m/watch?v=Nzt7oATna1 Q