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spanish adjectives

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  1. 1. Adjectives Spanish One ch.2
  2. 2. Los adjetivos: <ul><li>Adjectives : Words that modify nouns </li></ul><ul><li>En español, most adjectives have either two or four forms </li></ul><ul><li>When using adjectives in Spanish, one must always consider PLACEMENT and AGREEMENT . </li></ul>
  3. 3. ADJECTIVE AGREEMENT: If an adjective ends in O, A, OS or AS then it will have four forms and the form that you use in any given sentence must agree with the noun that it modifies. alto (m/s) alta (f/s) altos (m/p) altas (f/p)
  4. 4. ADJECTIVE AGREEMENT: If an adjective ends in something other than O, A, OS or AS, then it will have only two forms – singular and plural. grande (s) grandes (p)
  5. 5. <ul><ul><li>PLACEMENT OF ADJECTIVES </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Restrictive adjectives </li></ul><ul><ul><li>placed in front of the noun </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Descriptive adjectives </li></ul><ul><ul><li>placed after the noun </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Nouns used as adjectives </li></ul><ul><ul><li>placed after the noun and separated by the word “de” </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Exceptions to the rule…: The adjectives good (bueno) and bad (malo) are descriptive adjectives but are generally placed in front of the nouns they modify. Also adjectives that reflect an inherent quality of the noun ( cold ice) are also placed in front of the noun.
  7. 7. EXAMPLES: the big backpack la mochila grande a white book un libro blanco three Spanish notebooks tres cuadernos de español
  8. 8. PRACTICE: <ul><li>some school backpacks </li></ul><ul><li>a big desk </li></ul><ul><li>five English books </li></ul><ul><li>two Spanish dictionaries </li></ul><ul><li>a big notebook </li></ul><ul><li>four new pencils </li></ul>
  9. 9. PRACTICA <ul><li>unos bolígrafos de colegio </li></ul><ul><li>un escritorio grande </li></ul><ul><li>cinco libros de inglés </li></ul><ul><li>dos diccionarios de español </li></ul><ul><li>un cuaderno grande </li></ul><ul><li>cuatro lápices nuevos </li></ul>