PAR     PARTICIPATORY      ACTION RESEARCH      LAUREN MORLEY • SABRINA ALLETSON • MORIAH VICE       OKSANA KRAVETS • BRIG...
PAR     PARTICIPATORY      ACTION RESEARCH         INTRODUCTION
INTRODUCTION Participatory Action Research is... A qualitative approach that improves social practice by changing it and l...
INTRODUCTION                            FEATURES•   Collaborative•   A systematic learning process involving    planning, ...
INTRODUCTION                           KEY STEPS1. Engage community participants2. Clearly define the problem3. Examine as...
INTRODUCTION                        CURRENT USES• Education: collaboration  between  researchers, teachers, students  , an...
INTRODUCTION                         STRENGTHS• Empowers people to democratically develop  practical solutions to problems...
INTRODUCTION                       WEAKNESSES• Has no timeline: action cycles can continue  indefinitely• May have no rese...
INTRODUCTION                           KEY TERMS• Social Learning: Changes in individual values and  behaviour due to coll...
PAR     PARTICIPATORY      ACTION RESEARCH       DATA COLLECTION
DATA COLLECTION                        METHODS• Methods: interviews, focus groups, surveys,  photovoice, documents, observ...
DATA COLLECTION                         METHODS• Interviews, for example, are a rich source of data  that can highlight th...
DATA COLLECTION                             STEPS1. Gain entry            6. Gather data2. Collaboratively       7. Encour...
DATA COLLECTION                      KEY TERMS• Transparency: Both internal, whereby  participants understand how decision...
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Par 2

  1. 1. PAR PARTICIPATORY ACTION RESEARCH LAUREN MORLEY • SABRINA ALLETSON • MORIAH VICE OKSANA KRAVETS • BRIGIT O’REGAN • ZACH ASHBEE
  2. 2. PAR PARTICIPATORY ACTION RESEARCH INTRODUCTION
  3. 3. INTRODUCTION Participatory Action Research is... A qualitative approach that improves social practice by changing it and learning from the consequences of these changes. P A R
  4. 4. INTRODUCTION FEATURES• Collaborative• A systematic learning process involving planning, acting, observing, and reflecting• Often used when dealing with social work and the relationship-building process• Relies on participant self-education and consciousness so that they may plan to raise the quality of their lives P A R
  5. 5. INTRODUCTION KEY STEPS1. Engage community participants2. Clearly define the problem3. Examine assumptions4. Assess the needs of the group5. Identify a research team6. Develop an action plan7. Develop research plan8. Identify research question(s)9. Create data collection strategies10. Conduct ongoing data collection and analysis11. Report findings and results P A R
  6. 6. INTRODUCTION CURRENT USES• Education: collaboration between researchers, teachers, students , and/or parents• Community engagement: specific phenomena (e.g. violence), social justice, or community planning• Organizations: employees and managers make joint decisions P A R
  7. 7. INTRODUCTION STRENGTHS• Empowers people to democratically develop practical solutions to problems that affect them• Participants decide which problems to study (PAR highlights minority needs and concerns)• Provides insight into a groups values and knowledge. P A R
  8. 8. INTRODUCTION WEAKNESSES• Has no timeline: action cycles can continue indefinitely• May have no research leader, resulting in disorganization and conflicting research strategies• Can be used to manipulate P A R
  9. 9. INTRODUCTION KEY TERMS• Social Learning: Changes in individual values and behaviour due to collaboration, which in turn influence collective culture• Recognized Impacts: Perceptions of change due to PAR• Conflict Resolution: Degree of conflict between participants; resolution during the process; could include quality of decision making. P A R
  10. 10. PAR PARTICIPATORY ACTION RESEARCH DATA COLLECTION
  11. 11. DATA COLLECTION METHODS• Methods: interviews, focus groups, surveys, photovoice, documents, observations, field notes, etc.• Primary data sources: participants, stakeholders, reports, researchers, documents, etc.• Secondary data sources: archival materials, media, statistics, etc. P A R
  12. 12. DATA COLLECTION METHODS• Interviews, for example, are a rich source of data that can highlight the perceived links between cause and effect. • Disadvantages: They are time consuming and complex to analyze.• Data collection must be context- sensitive, inductive and naturalistic.• Researchers should not attempt to manipulate the process but observe it. P A R
  13. 13. DATA COLLECTION STEPS1. Gain entry 6. Gather data2. Collaboratively 7. Encourage choose a research participants to reflect topic and plan data on their assumptions collection. through reflexive3. Select participants journaling4. Clarify participant 8. Perform preliminary roles analysis, which leads5. Develop data back to step 2 collection tools P A R
  14. 14. DATA COLLECTION KEY TERMS• Transparency: Both internal, whereby participants understand how decisions are made; and external, whereby observers can audit the process.• Emergent Knowledge: Influence of local knowledge on the outcome of the research. P A R

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