Apa 2009 2010 update


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Apa 2009 2010 update

  1. 1. Do Not Post on LibGuides STOP Purdue University Writing Lab
  2. 2. APA Citation Style 6 th Edition, 2009 Purdue University Writing Lab
  3. 3. What’s New? <ul><li>Some of the changes include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>the use of Digital Object Identifiers (DOI) with references to electronic sources (when available).  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>expanded coverage of online resources </li></ul></ul><ul><li>To learn more about the changes made in the new edition, check out the &quot; What's New &quot; section on the official APA Website. </li></ul>Purdue University Writing Lab
  4. 4. http://apastyle.apa.org/ Purdue University Writing Lab
  5. 5. APA Learning Tools <ul><li>http://apastyle.apa.org/learn/ </li></ul>Purdue University Writing Lab
  6. 6. Documenting Sources: Using APA Format A workshop brought to you by the Purdue University Writing Lab Purdue University Writing Lab
  7. 7. Why Use APA Format? <ul><li>Allows readers to cross-reference your sources easily </li></ul><ul><li>Provides consistent format within a discipline </li></ul><ul><li>Gives you credibility as a writer </li></ul><ul><li>Protects yourself from plagiarism </li></ul>Purdue University Writing Lab
  8. 8. Cross-Referencing Your Sources <ul><li>Cross-referencing allows readers to locate the publication information of source material. This is of great value for researchers who may want to locate your sources for their own research projects. </li></ul>Purdue University Writing Lab
  9. 9. Using a Consistent Format <ul><li>Using a consistent format helps your reader understand your arguments and the sources they’re built on. </li></ul><ul><li>It also helps you keep track of your sources as you build arguments. </li></ul>Purdue University Writing Lab
  10. 10. Establishing Credibility <ul><li>The proper use of APA style shows the credibility of writers; such writers show accountability to their source material. </li></ul>Purdue University Writing Lab
  11. 11. Avoiding Plagiarism <ul><li>Proper citation of your sources in APA style can help you avoid plagiarism, which is a serious offense. It may result in anything from failure of the assignment to expulsion from school. </li></ul>Purdue University Writing Lab
  12. 12. Where Do I Find APA Format? <ul><li>Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association , 6th ed. </li></ul><ul><li>www.apastyle.org </li></ul><ul><li>Composition textbooks </li></ul><ul><li>OWL website: owl.english.purdue.edu </li></ul><ul><li>Writing Lab Grammar Hotline: 494-3723 </li></ul>Purdue University Writing Lab
  13. 13. OWL PowerPoint: Formatting Purdue University Writing Lab http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/17 /
  14. 14. APA Style: Two Main Concerns <ul><li>Reference Page </li></ul><ul><li>In Text or Parenthetical Citations </li></ul>Purdue University Writing Lab
  15. 15. Reference Page <ul><li>A list of every source that you make reference to in your essay. </li></ul><ul><li>Provides the information necessary for a reader to locate and retrieve any sources cited in your essay. </li></ul><ul><li>Each retrievable source cited in the essay must appear on the reference page, and vice versa. </li></ul>Purdue University Writing Lab
  16. 16. A Sample Reference Page Purdue University Writing Lab http://rdc.libguides.com/data/files/41244/APA_sample_reference_page_F09.pdf
  17. 17. <ul><li>Most citations should contain the following basic information: </li></ul><ul><li>Author’s name </li></ul><ul><li>Title of work </li></ul><ul><li>Publication information </li></ul>Reference Page Purdue University Writing Lab
  18. 18. Book: Print <ul><li>Fleming, T. (1997). Liberty!: The </li></ul><ul><li>American revolution . New York: </li></ul><ul><li>Viking. </li></ul>Purdue University Writing Lab
  19. 19. Book: Online <ul><li>Use the following format if the book was published both in print and electronically. </li></ul><ul><li>Norman, R. (1998).  The moral philosophers. </li></ul><ul><li>[netLibrary version] Retrieved  from </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.netlibrary.com </li></ul>Purdue University Writing Lab
  20. 20. Book: Online <ul><li>If it was published only electronically, use the complete URL for the book. </li></ul><ul><li>DeHuff, E.W. Taytay’s tales: Traditional </li></ul><ul><li>Pueblo Indian tales . Retrieved from </li></ul><ul><li>http://digital.library.upenn.edu/women/ </li></ul>Purdue University Writing Lab
  21. 21. Nova University: Book Citations Video <ul><li>http://www.nova.edu/library/dils/video/FormatBookReferenceCitations_APA6thed </li></ul>Purdue University Writing Lab
  22. 22. <ul><li>Brown, E. (1996). The Lake of Seduction: </li></ul><ul><li>Silence, Hysteria, and the Space of </li></ul><ul><li>Feminist Theatre. JTD: Journal of </li></ul><ul><li>Theatre and Drama, 2 , 175-200. </li></ul>Article: Print Journal Purdue University Writing Lab
  23. 23. Article: Print Journal <ul><li>APA style includes the journal issue number only if each issue of the journal is paginated individually: </li></ul><ul><li>Kralj, M. M. (1994). Getting out of the box. </li></ul><ul><li>Consulting Psychology Journal:       </li></ul><ul><li>Practice and Research, 46 (2), 27-28. </li></ul>Purdue University Writing Lab
  24. 24. <ul><li>If the article has an assigned DOI, include the DOI in the citation: </li></ul><ul><li>Stultz, J.(2006). Integrating exposure therapy and </li></ul><ul><li>analytic therapy in trauma treatment. American </li></ul><ul><li>Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 76 (4), 482-488. </li></ul><ul><li>doi:10.1037/0002-9432.76.4.482 </li></ul>Article: Online Journal (Web) Purdue University Writing Lab
  25. 25. Article: Online Journal (Web) <ul><li>If it doesn't have a DOI, include the URL of the journal home page. </li></ul><ul><li>Evnine, S. J. (2001). The universality of logic: </li></ul><ul><li>On the connection between rationality and </li></ul><ul><li>logical ability. Mind , 110 , 335-367. Retrieved </li></ul><ul><li>from http://mind.oxfordjournals.org/ </li></ul>Purdue University Writing Lab
  26. 26. Article: Online Database <ul><li>If the article has an assigned DOI, include the DOI in the citation: </li></ul><ul><li>Stultz, J.(2006). Integrating exposure therapy </li></ul><ul><li>and analytic therapy in trauma treatment. </li></ul><ul><li>American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 6 (4),          </li></ul><ul><li>482-488. doi:10.1037/0002-9432.76.4.482 </li></ul>Purdue University Writing Lab
  27. 27. Article: Online Database <ul><li>If it doesn't have a DOI, include the URL of the journal home page. </li></ul><ul><li>Evnine, S. J. (2001). The universality of logic: </li></ul><ul><li>On the connection between rationality and </li></ul><ul><li>logical ability. Mind , 110 , 335-367. </li></ul><ul><li>Retrieved from http://mind.oxfordjournals.org/ </li></ul>Purdue University Writing Lab
  28. 28. Article: Print Magazine <ul><li>Gawande, A. (2001, July 9). The man </li></ul><ul><li>who couldn't stop eating.  The New       </li></ul><ul><li>Yorker, 77, 66-75 . </li></ul>Purdue University Writing Lab
  29. 29. Article: Online Magazine <ul><li>Saletan, W. (2001, August 16). The </li></ul><ul><li>ethicist's new clothes.  Slate . </li></ul><ul><li>Retrieved from http://slate.msn.com/ </li></ul>Purdue University Writing Lab
  30. 30. Article: Print Newspaper <ul><li>Holden, S. (1998, May 16). Frank Sinatra </li></ul><ul><li>dies at 82: Matchless stylist of pop.       </li></ul><ul><li>The New York Times , pp. A1, A22-A23. </li></ul>Purdue University Writing Lab
  31. 31. Article: Online Newspaper <ul><li>From an online database </li></ul><ul><li>Cowell, A. (2001, September 3). Britain </li></ul><ul><li>faces flurry of illegal migrants using       </li></ul><ul><li>channel tunnel. New York Times . </li></ul><ul><li>Retrieved from http://nytimes.com </li></ul>Purdue University Writing Lab
  32. 32. Article: Online Newspaper <ul><li>From the Web </li></ul><ul><li>Wright, S. (2001, January 25). Curriculum </li></ul><ul><li>2000 draws criticism. The Chronicle .       </li></ul><ul><li>Retrieved from http://www.ch.duke.edu </li></ul>Purdue University Writing Lab
  33. 33. More Information at Nova University: Article Citations Video <ul><li>http://www.nova.edu/library/dils/video/FormatJournalArticle_APA6th/ </li></ul>Purdue University Writing Lab
  34. 34. Website <ul><li>&quot;When citing an entire website, it is sufficient to give the address of the site in only the text. </li></ul><ul><li>Kidspsych is a wonderful interactive website for </li></ul><ul><li>children (http://www.kidspsych.org). </li></ul>Purdue University Writing Lab
  35. 35. Website <ul><li>Citing a page within an entire website is not specifically addressed in the 6 th edition. Rule 7.09 , 61 </li></ul><ul><li>Suggestion: </li></ul><ul><li>Wilson, K. (2007). Today in health . </li></ul><ul><li>Retrieved from http://www.todayhealth/ </li></ul><ul><li>org/press/ </li></ul>Purdue University Writing Lab
  36. 36. <ul><li>What other types of sources might you need to list on your reference page? </li></ul><ul><li>Study the basics of APA citation format. When something odd comes up, don’t guess. Look it up! </li></ul>Reference Page Purdue University Writing Lab
  37. 37. When Should You Use Parenthetical Citations? <ul><li>When quoting any words that are not your own </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Quoting means to repeat another source word for word, using quotation marks </li></ul></ul>Purdue University Writing Lab
  38. 38. When Should You Use Parenthetical Citations? <ul><li>When summarizing facts and ideas from a source </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Summarizing means to take ideas from a large passage of another source and condense them, using your own words </li></ul></ul><ul><li>When paraphrasing a source </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Paraphrasing means to use the ideas from another source but change the phrasing into your own words </li></ul></ul>Purdue University Writing Lab
  39. 39. Keys to Parenthetical Citations <ul><li>Readability </li></ul><ul><li>Keep references brief </li></ul><ul><li>Give only information needed to identify the source on your reference page </li></ul><ul><li>Do not repeat unnecessary information </li></ul>Purdue University Writing Lab
  40. 40. Handling Quotes in Your Text <ul><li>Author’s last name, publication year, and page number(s) of quote must appear in the text </li></ul><ul><li>Caruth (1996) states that a traumatic response frequently entails a “delayed, uncontrolled repetitive appearance of hallucinations and other intrusive phenomena” (p.11). </li></ul><ul><li>A traumatic response frequently entails a “delayed, uncontrolled repetitive appearance of hallucinations and other intrusive phenomena” (Caruth, 1996, p.11). </li></ul>Purdue University Writing Lab
  41. 41. <ul><li>Sometimes additional information is necessary . . . </li></ul><ul><li>More than one author with the same last name </li></ul><ul><li>(H. James, 1878); (W. James, 1880) </li></ul><ul><li>Two or more works in the same parentheses </li></ul><ul><li>(Fussell, 1975; Caruth, 1996; Showalter, 1997) </li></ul><ul><li>Work with six or more authors </li></ul><ul><li>(Smith et al, 1998) </li></ul><ul><li>Specific part of a source </li></ul><ul><li>(Jones, 1995, chap. 2) </li></ul>Handling Parenthetical Citations Purdue University Writing Lab
  42. 42. Handling Parenthetical Citations <ul><li>If the source has no known author, then use an abbreviated version of the title: </li></ul><ul><li>Full Title: “California Cigarette Tax Deters Smokers” </li></ul><ul><li>Citation: (“California,” 1999) </li></ul>Purdue University Writing Lab
  43. 43. Handling Parenthetical Citations <ul><li>A reference to a personal communication: </li></ul><ul><li>Source: email message from C. Everett Koop </li></ul><ul><li>Citation: (C. E. Koop, personal communication, May 16, 1998) </li></ul><ul><li>A general reference to a web site Source: Purdue University web site </li></ul><ul><li>Citation: (http://www.purdue.edu) </li></ul>Purdue University Writing Lab
  44. 44. Handling Parenthetical Citations <ul><li>Recently, the history of warfare has been significantly revised by Higonnet et al (1987), Marcus (1989), and Raitt and Tate (1997) to include women’s personal and cultural responses to battle and its resultant traumatic effects. Feminist researchers now concur that “It is no longer true to claim that women's responses to the war have been ignored” (Raitt & Tate, p. 2). Though these studies focus solely on women's experiences, they err by collectively perpetuating the masculine-centered impressions originating in Fussell (1975) and Bergonzi (1996). </li></ul><ul><li>However, Tylee (1990) further criticizes Fussell, arguing that his study “treated memory and culture as if they belonged to a sphere beyond the existence of individuals or the control of institutions” (p. 6). </li></ul>Purdue University Writing Lab
  45. 45. <ul><li>There are many different combinations and variations within APA citation format. </li></ul><ul><li>If you run into something unusual, look it up! </li></ul>Handling Quotes in Your Text Purdue University Writing Lab
  46. 46. More Information at Nova University: In Text Citation Video Purdue University Writing Lab http://www.nova.edu/library/dils/video/TextCitations6thed/
  47. 47. More Information <ul><li>Purdue University </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/01/ </li></ul></ul><ul><li>APA </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sample Paper </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/18/ </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>C. G. O’Kelly Library </li></ul><ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>336-750-2454 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association Sixth Edition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>TEXTBOOKS (LIB USE ONLY)   BF76.7 .P83 2010 </li></ul></ul></ul>Purdue University Writing Lab
  48. 48. Where can you go for additional help with APA documentation? <ul><li>Purdue University Writing Lab </li></ul><ul><li>Heavilon 226 </li></ul><ul><li>Grammar Hotline: (765) 494-3723 </li></ul><ul><li>Check our web site: http://owl.english.purdue.edu </li></ul><ul><li>Email brief questions: [email_address] </li></ul>Purdue University Writing Lab Purdue University Writing Lab
  49. 49. Evaluation Purdue University Writing Lab