Types of paragraphs


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Elsa Gonzales
Jirehana Gonzales
Katy Luz Ruz
Elizabeth Montagut

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Types of paragraphs

  1. 1. Types of Paragraphs
  2. 2. 1. Enumerative Paragraphs 2. Expository Paragraphs 3. Argumentative Paragraphs 4. Opening & Closing Paragraphs
  3. 3. Enumerative Paragraphs These kinds of paragraphs list or explain reasons related to a main idea. This main statement may be at the beginning or at the end of the paragraph. For example, from the following outline we can make an enumerative paragraph, positioning the main idea either at the beginning or at the end of the text. Main point: Things to take on a trip to Cartagena. 1st Thing: Sun block 2nd Thing: Sunglasses 3rd Thing: Cotton shirt
  4. 4. Main idea – Listing When traveling to Cartagena, one must take some precautions against the weather and be prepared to fight it [main idea]. It’s important to carry sun block and use it every 3 to 4 hours [1]. Also, wearing sunglasses will help you being more comfortable while at the beach or when taking a walk [2]. Finally, cotton clothes will help you stay fresh and cool because the temperature can rise up to 32 ° C! [3].
  5. 5. Listing – Main idea Using sun block every day is a great way to prevent sun damage on your skin [1]. When it comes to your eyes, sun glasses will do the job by keeping them from irritation and dryness caused by extreme weather conditions [2]. Finally, wearing light cotton clothes will help your body regulating its temperature and keeping cool and fresh [3]. That’s why we recommend that when traveling to cities like Cartagena you take these three things with you [main idea].
  6. 6. Expository Paragraphs The purpose of these kinds of paragraphs is to inform or explain something to the reader. It begins with an issue that the reader is supossed to be aware of, yet it must be clearly stated in the text. Then, the issue is explained and clarified. Issue: Making a sandwich Explanation 1: Getting started, putting butter. Explanation 2: Hands on it, ham and cheese. Explanation 3: Adding something extra.
  7. 7. For example: Making a ham sandwich is the easiest thing on Earth [issue to be explained]. First, you get sliced bread and put butter on 2 pieces, on the sides that face each other [explanation #1]. Then you get a slice of ham and a slice of cheese and tuck them in the middle of the bread slices [explanation #2]. Finally, you can put some sauce or even lettuce to enjoy a full meal [explanation #3].
  8. 8. Argumentative paragraphs These kinds of paragraphs attempt to persuade the reader to believe in the author’s point of view. The thesis is the idea the author wishes to prove and the arguments are the way to it. These paragraphs can be presented with arguments for or against an opinion. They are usually enclosed by introduction and conclusion paragraphs. Example: On why the school fundraiser money should be used to buy more books for our school library.
  9. 9. “First, our class is doing reports on different animals and there are only a few books available on each kind. This makes it hard to do research and write our reports if we all have to share books, or can't take them home to use. If the library could buy more books, we would be able to do our reports better [argument #1]. Second, there is sometimes only one copy of a fiction book on the shelf and kids have to take turns checking it out. If the library could buy more copies of a book, then two kids could check out the same book and partner-read together. This would help us get better at reading, plus it's fun to read with a friend! [Argument #2] Third, there are many new things happening in the world and new information needs to be there for kids to learn and read about. For example, maybe a new kind of dinosaur is discovered, or a new president is elected. Without new books being bought for the library, kids will not be able to learn about these things if we just have old books to check out [argument #3].” (Wayne-Westland Community Schools, n.d).
  10. 10. Opening and Closing Paragraphs These paragraphs surround the body of a text and serve as an introduction and conclusion for the subject. A simple way to write an introduction goes as follows (Ismael, n.d.): 1. State one sentence in favor of the subject. 2. State one sentence against the subject. 3. State the thesis, that is the author’s opinion and how he will approach the subject. Closing paragraphs serve as a conclusion. They should state the author’s point of view, summarize main ideas throughout the text and open the possibility for further exploration on the subject.
  11. 11. For example: Opening Paragraph “Books are very important for Closing Paragraph “(…) So, it is important to buy more students in school. They can learn books for the library and the school many new things and improve their fundraiser is a good way to get the skills. However, our school library money! Kids will have more choices sometimes doesn't have enough to read. We can keep up with new types of some books. I think that things that happen in the world. Plus, the school fundraiser money should we won't have to wait so long to have a be used to buy more books for our chance to read our favorite book!” school library.” (Wayne-Westland (Wayne-Westland Community Community Schools, n.d). Schools, n.d).
  12. 12. References • Conde, M. (November 17th, 2009). Tipos de párrafos. Retrieved from: http://www.slideshare.net/Maritoconde/05-tipos-de-prrafos • Geneva Community – Unit School District 304. (n.d). Expository Paragraph Example. Retrieved from: http://www.geneva304.org/Downloads/Expository%20Paragraph%20Exa mple.pdf • Ismail, G. (n.d). How to write an argumentative or opinion paragraph. Retrieved from: http://www.kau.edu.sa/Files/0056665/Files/60155_How%20to%20write %20an%20argumentative%20or%20opinion%20paragraph.pdf • Learn American English Online. (n.d). Lesson Ten: Types of Paragraphs. Retrieved from: http://www.learnamericanenglishonline.com/Write_in_English/WL10_ty pes_of_paragraphs.html
  13. 13. References • UC Santa Barbara. (n.d). Enumerative Paragraphs. Retrieved from: http://education.ucsb.edu/webdata/instruction/hss/Writing/Enumerative %20Paragrap.PDF • Wayne-Westland Community Schools Web site. (n.d). Persuasive writing. Retrieved from: http://wwcsd.net/~widrigr/PersuasiveWriting.htm