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4. ernesto ganuza

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4. ernesto ganuza

  1. 1. THE PARTICIPATION AGE: DEMOCRACY IN BIG CITIES
  2. 2. The Participacion Age • Contrary to previous participatory experiences in 70s-80s, we are talking about the expansion of participation from above • Participation is no longer a counter-power, it has become part of the planning how power functions • The political motto goes from “protest” to “proposals”
  3. 3. Participatory Budgeting in Big Cities • Experiences have increased worlwide from 1989 to 2015. • But something new happens: PB starts to be a key experience in big metropolis: New York, Hamburg, Paris, Madrid… • It opens a complex and sofisticated scenario: millions of people, big resources of public management… • Threats and Strenghts: invisibility vs high impacts; managerialism vs more human cities
  4. 4. Big Cities PB Models • Neigborhood PB and City/Ward PB • Hard and Social Infraestructuture • Big Public Resources are decided with citizens But How to manage plurality, thounsands of inhabitans and cities with strong internal differences Deliberative Models (Paris) vs Concerted Models (Madrid)
  5. 5. Deliberative Model Concerted Model Proposals Open Councils and Associations Proposals Associations and Administration What proposals Administrative Staff filters and Citizen Councils negotiate neighborhood proposals Citizen Conference to choose up to 5 city projects What proposals Administration and Associations negotiate neighborhood/ward proposals in Ward Councils Which proposals are implemented Public exposition of negotiations on internet and citizens vote up to a fixed amount Which proposals are implemented No Budget. Administration decide the total investment and negotiate with neighbors federation Steering Comitte made up of citizens Steering Comitte made up of associations Big Cities PB Models
  6. 6. What does participation mean in this context? • Participation as a way to improve the economic managment of public administrations, improve public support and political legitimation • Participation serves the role of identify individual preferences , a politicl rationalization of management. • Consuption vs Planification participatory projects in big cities
  7. 7. The future of Participation and Participatory Budgeting The Participation age is framed by open comunication, consensus and lay citizens. To make sense of participation today it’s important to know if experiences are able to expand the boundaries of democracy (… in big cities) To achieve public participation: from small and intense deliberative/negotiation rounds to Internet (it helps to expand participation in a big city: transparency, chances to engage and to decide)
  8. 8. Participation and Administration in Big Cities But to go from ideals to practice is something complex. It’s not only comunication and lay citizens (Deliberation Model), we should stress how they are connected to administration (Concerted Model) This is what can help us to value to what extent new participatory experiences do or don’t expand the boundaries of democracy
  9. 9. Conflicts: the Gate Keepers Underlying theses particiaptory projects there are negotiations over profound democratic questions • Who is legitimized to make decisions (demos vs thecne) • Who speak for the people (the representation of the comunity)
  10. 10. Muchas gracias por su atención

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