Politically: stable democracy with potential for increasing role in geopolitical map of the world. Economically: one of the fastest growing economies close to emerging markets and rich by natural resources.Socially: still in transition period, coping with different aspects ofsocial challenges and opportunities due to highly fragmentedeconomical and political ambitions. 1
History: • During 13. century the greatest empire of the world • For 70 years under communist regime • Last 20 years of democracy• Landlocked like Switzerland• Three times size of France• Population is 2.7 Million (46 % urban population)• Continental climate (- /+ 40˚ Celsius)• Rich by natural resources (oil, coal, copper, gold, silver, uranium) 1
• Parliamentary republic with multiparty system • Governance Indicators: Political Stability – 65 Government Effectiveness – 30 • Foreign affairs - “Neutrality” policy • New elections in June 2012• Increasing interest by world political and economic leaders (US, Germany, South Korea, China, Russia). 1
• Herding and agriculture > natural resources• GDP real growth rate – 17.3 % (2011)• GDP composition: Agriculture 12.9%; Industry 30.8%; Service 56.3% 1
Extensive natural resources: rich mineral resources such asgold, copper, uranium, coal, molybdenum. Extensive animal origin rawmaterials, like cashmere, wool and leather Copper Coal 1
Age population: 95 % of population are 0-64 years old.Population growth: 1.5 % (2012)Literacy rate: 97.5% (one of the highestworldwide)Language: Dual language proficiency iscommonHDI: medium at 62.2 (2010)Poverty line: 32.3 % (2010)Great disparity between rich and poor 1
Challenges to provide health serviceto the low populated countrysideDisparities between urban and ruralareas is highInadequate investment to healthsector: 9% of GDP (2009)Lack of Health Professionals andSpecialized InstitutionsNumber of people withDisabilities: increasing to up to10% of population 1
115,000 people with disabilities (PWDs)officially registered (2008)• Classification based on medical („deficit‟) model• Disabled people poorest and most marginalized;• Only 29% of school age disabled children enrolled;• 87% of PWD unemployed.
56 NGOs for people with disabilitiesofficially registered (2010)• 5 National Level organizations; Others are mainly local.• In the second phase of Organizational Development and capacity is comparably weak;• Trained in UNCRPD, Universal Designing, Community Based Rehabilitation approach, Social Models of Disability.
• No – consolidated package of law coordinating issues of PWDs• Each issue depends on the certain Ministry (Ministry of Social Welfare, or Health or Education or Infrastructure)• Human Rights Commission of Mongolia and certain specialized NGOs are main protectors of Right.• International NGOs as UNDP, UNICEF, Mercy Corps, World Vision are main sources of funding and knowledge.
Transportation: public transport should be free but no provision for accessibility; Construction: lack of standards and mechanisms for enforcement; Education: commitment to inclusion but no trained teachers and facilities; Labor: entities with over 25 staff should employ at least one PWD; International Treaties: UN Convention on the Rights of People with Disabilities ratified.
Challenges – Public TransportationUse of public transportation is very difficult for PWDsDo not comply with the relevant standards and requirementsBus stops are not designed for access of PWDsDrivers, conductors of public transport, buses are very rude towards PWDsand discriminate against themMost PWDs do not belong to any organizations that work for their interests….
Challenges - Education1 Lack of understanding of parents, Government officials, teachers and public on inclusive education Lack of accessibility to education and Information Insufficient professional medical and educational staff in rural areas and lack of appropriate equipment Lack of clear methodology to determine children‟s disability level….
Ratification of the UNConvention on theRights of Persons withDisabilities byMongolia (May 2009)
"Building space forPWDs in the civicconstruction“ and"Designing pedestrian walkways accessible for PWDs“Standards are in force from February 01, 2010
Three candidates, PWDs are running for the Parliament Election 2012 in Mongolia.
Interested in setting up ownBusiness based onE-Business concept.Gaining business skills inSML ZHAW.Represented PWDs of Mongoliain Korea, UK, Russia and US.5 years of Managerial Experiencein Security Company.15 years working in Civil SocietySector including own setup NGOOverall - Very Lucky Person. 1
Based on the needs revealed by SwissOT and PT in a study (2003-2004)Occupational Therapy is highlyessential and important service forincreasing number ofhandicapped, disabled and elderlypersons in Mongolia.OT services do not exist in Mongoliaand the aim of the project is to establishthis profession as part of Health Systemof Mongolia. 1