Ohio reach foster care 101


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Shared by Brandi Scales on behalf of PCSAO during the 2010 Ohio Reach Summit. The purpose of this event is to increase the number of foster care youth who enroll in and graduate from college.

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  • Abused children include those who are physically or emotionally harmed, sexually molested, or endangered by parents or other adults. A neglected child is one whose parents or guardians have abandoned him or her, or have refused to provide for the child's basic needs of food, clothing, housing, medical care or supervision. Dependent children are those whose parents are unable to care for them adequately not necessarily through any fault of their own. Unruly children are status offenders truant from home or school, or out of their parents' control. Delinquent youth are those who have committed offenses that would be criminal if committed by an adult.
  • Ohio reach foster care 101

    1. 1. 2nd Annual Ohio Reach Summit<br />June 25, 2010<br />Brandi Scales, JD<br />Public Children Services Association of Ohio<br />
    2. 2. Malcolm X<br />“Education is our passport to the future, for tomorrow belongs to the people who prepare for it today.”<br />Supporting Foster Youth Reaching for Higher Education<br />
    3. 3. Transitioning Youth<br />Youth transitioning from care may face some disparate outcomes. <br /><ul><li>National data shows that one in five foster youth will become homeless at some time after age 18.
    4. 4. One in four will be incarcerated within two years of leaving foster care.
    5. 5. Early pregnancy and lack of employment are much higher than with other youth. </li></ul>Supporting Foster Youth Reaching for Higher Education<br />
    6. 6. Encourage Higher Education<br />Only about 10 percent of students from foster care enroll in higher education -- with less than 2 percent earning bachelor's degrees.<br />“Without education, you're not going anywhere in this world.” Malcolm X<br />Maximize foster youth’s chances at success<br />Increased earning potential<br />Less reliance on state resources<br />Supporting Foster Youth Reaching for Higher Education<br />
    7. 7. Overview of Ohio’s Child Welfare System<br />Composed of county-administered PCSAs.<br />Main focus is to make sure children are safe.<br />Places priority on reunifying children with their families and/or find other permanent living arrangements when children cannot return home safely.<br />Supporting Foster Youth Reaching for Higher Education<br />
    8. 8. Types of Child Welfare Cases<br />Physical Abuse: includes bruises, marks, or injuries as a result of an incident that was not accidental. <br />Neglect: a form of child maltreatment that occurs when a parent fails to act on behalf of a child. Neglect may include a child who doesn’t receive adequate food, shelter, clothing, medical care, or supervision.<br />Sexual Abuse: is considered any sexual act between an adult and a child.<br />Emotional Abuse: a mental injury, a youth who experiences repeated negative comments or is blamed for a family’s problems may be emotionally abused.<br />Dependency: a case in which a child is without the necessary parental care but not at the fault of the parent.<br />Delinquency: youth charged with a delinquency act that if committed as an adult would be a crime.<br />Unruly: a youth charged with an unruly act, an act which is unlawful behavior only applicable to those under the age of 18.<br />Supporting Foster Youth Reaching for Higher Education<br />
    9. 9. How Does a Child End Up in Foster Care?<br />A family member, teacher, neighbor, etc. suspects a child is being abused and reports it to a child welfare agency.<br />The PCSA assesses whether there is a safety threat and whether a child must be removed from the home.<br />Based upon the PCSA recommendations, the court may grant temporary custody to the PCSA who will place the child in a substitute care setting.<br />Supporting Foster Youth Reaching for Higher Education<br />
    10. 10.
    11. 11. Substitute Care Settings<br />Kinship Care: Look to relatives or a suitable non-relative for which the child may have a relationship.<br />Foster Care: place with people who have special training to care for children.<br />Group Home: a home where a group of children live together in one home with people trained to care for them.<br />Residential Center: Some children need care that is best provided in a hospital or other treatment center.<br />Supporting Foster Youth Reaching for Higher Education<br />
    12. 12. Discussion Activity<br />Name some words you heard associated with Foster Youth or Foster Care.<br />Consider some of these words:<br />Talented<br />Capable<br />Resilient<br />Ambitious<br />Supporting Foster Youth Reaching for Higher Education<br />
    13. 13. Shattering Myths<br />Look at the picture and give me your perceptions.<br />Positive and Negative<br />Discussion<br />Supporting Foster Youth Reaching for Higher Education<br />
    14. 14. Shattering Myths<br />Look at this picture and give me your perceptions.<br />Positive and Negative<br />Discussion<br />Supporting Foster Youth Reaching for Higher Education<br />
    15. 15. Barack Obama<br />“Michelle and I are here only because we were given a chance at an education. I will not settle for an America where some kids don’t have that chance.”- President Barack Obama<br />Supporting Foster Youth Reaching for Higher Education<br />
    16. 16. Questions or Comments?<br />