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The 2011 e-assessment question conference


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The 2011 e-assessment question conference: The impact of innovation on regulation and of regulation on innovation

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The 2011 e-assessment question conference

  1. 1. The 2011 e-assessment question conference The impact of innovation on regulation and of regulation on innovation Julie Swan 31 March 2011
  2. 2. Overview <ul><li>Ofqual </li></ul><ul><li>Innovation and regulation </li></ul><ul><li>A new approach to regulation </li></ul><ul><li>Challenges of e-assessment </li></ul><ul><li>Ofqual’s principles and e-assessment </li></ul>
  3. 3. Ofqual <ul><li>Statutory independent regulator </li></ul><ul><li>Why regulate? </li></ul><ul><li>Ofqual’s statutory objectives include: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Qualifications standards </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Public confidence </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Efficiency </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Many statutory duties <ul><li>Including duty to have regard to: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>the desirability of facilitating innovation in connection with the provision of regulated qualifications </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Regulation and innovation <ul><li>BERR Economics paper – Regulation and innovation: evidence and policy implications , December 2008 </li></ul>
  6. 6. BERR findings <ul><li>‘ The relationship between regulation and innovation is complex, multi-dimensional, ambiguous and dynamic ’ </li></ul>
  7. 7. Types of innovation <ul><li>Product innovation </li></ul><ul><li>Process innovation </li></ul><ul><li>Marketing innovation </li></ul><ul><li>Organisational innovation </li></ul>
  8. 8. Intervention through the regulatory framework <ul><li>Introduction of new regulations </li></ul><ul><li>Revisions to current regulations </li></ul><ul><li>Removal of existing regulations </li></ul>
  9. 9. Prescriptive vs outcome-based regulation <ul><li>Prescriptive approach to regulation - sets out how businesses must behave to achieve the required outcomes of regulation </li></ul><ul><li>Outcomes based regulation – only stipulates the desired outcome, not how businesses should achieve it </li></ul>
  10. 10. Prescriptive approach <ul><li>Limits flexibility </li></ul><ul><li>May therefore limit innovation </li></ul><ul><li>But may also offer certainty – which might encourage innovation </li></ul>
  11. 11. Outcomes-based regulation <ul><li>Offers greater flexibility and freedom </li></ul><ul><li>Therefore more scope for innovation </li></ul><ul><li>But businesses might be discouraged from innovating because of risk of non-compliance </li></ul>
  12. 12. Other factors <ul><li>Too little time to respond to regulatory requirements can inhibit ability to innovate </li></ul><ul><li>Money spent on compliance instead of innovation </li></ul><ul><li>Policy certainty – too much certainty can result in only minimum compliance </li></ul><ul><li>Excessive uncertainty - can cause inaction </li></ul>
  13. 13. BERR advice <ul><li>Favour regulatory approaches that are: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>outcomes-focused </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>technology neutral </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>As these give greater freedom to innovate </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Regulating awarding organisations and qualifications <ul><li>Ofqual is introducing a more strategic approach to regulation </li></ul><ul><li>More outcomes and less rules-based </li></ul><ul><li>Undertaking a stock-take on drivers and inhibiters of innovation </li></ul>
  15. 15. Challenge <ul><li>How to facilitate innovation AND secure consistency of standards, public confidence in qualifications and efficiency </li></ul>
  16. 16. Pen and paper must go, says Ofqual Head – TES headline, Feb 2011 <ul><li>Will traditional written exams be invalid for ‘ digitally native ’ pupils? </li></ul><ul><li>Interesting responses…… </li></ul>
  17. 17. Ofqual’s principles <ul><li>The interests of learners are paramount </li></ul><ul><li>Fitness for purpose is key to quality </li></ul><ul><li>Each awarding organisation is responsible for its qualifications </li></ul>
  18. 18. Ofqual’s principles and e-assessment <ul><li>Content and potential for progression must be clear </li></ul><ul><li>There must be a consistent approach to standards for all qualifications </li></ul><ul><li>Qualifications must offer value for money </li></ul><ul><li>We must learn lessons from the past </li></ul>
  19. 19. Summary <ul><li>A new regulatory approach </li></ul><ul><li>Will it facilitate innovation? </li></ul><ul><li>Must secure qualification standards, public confidence and efficiency </li></ul><ul><li>Will innovation help meet Ofqual’s principles? </li></ul>