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A case for accountability-oriented design - keynote 2016 design and the city

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keynote at the design and the city 2016 conference, Amsterdam
http://designandthecity.eu

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A case for accountability-oriented design - keynote 2016 design and the city

  1. 1. A Case for Accountability-oriented Design Dietmar Offenhuber, PhD Art+Design / Public Policy and Urban Affairs Northeastern University @dietoff
  2. 2. Ezra Stoller, TWA Flight Center, Eero Saarinen, New York, NY, 1962 1. Design is governance, governance is design
  3. 3. Dodge, Martin, and Rob Kitchin. 2004. “Flying through Code/space: The Real Virtuality of Air Travel.” Environment and Planning A 36 (2): 195–212.
  4. 4. Categorizations and design Morville, Peter. 2014. Intertwingled: Information Changes Everything. Semantic Studios.
  5. 5. “An organization is its language. Narrowing language increases efficiency. Narrowing language also increases ignorance. […] To regenerate, an organization creates a new language.” Dubberly, Hugh, and Paul Pangaro. 2002. Notes on the Role of Leadership and Language in Regenerating Organizations. Sun Microsystems. (new forms of measurement)
  6. 6. via Katja Schechtner
  7. 7. Manila Improstructure, 2015 Dietmar Offenhuber (NU), Katja Schechtner (ADB), Julia Nebrija (Manila)
  8. 8. Informality is inside, not outside the system Co-production with residents - Arleen G. Braga, Chairman bgy. 822, Manila Manila Improstructure, 2015 Dietmar Offenhuber (NU), Katja Schechtner (ADB), Julia Nebrija (Manila)
  9. 9. Main streetlight switch, Bgy. hall 821, Paco Manila Manila Improstructure, 2015 Dietmar Offenhuber (NU), Katja Schechtner (ADB), Julia Nebrija (Manila)
  10. 10. Improstructure - governance as call & response Ad-hoc repairs, lighting hybrids (K. Jagsch) Manila Improstructure, 2015 Dietmar Offenhuber (NU), Katja Schechtner (ADB), Julia Nebrija (Manila)
  11. 11. Infrastructures of Transactionalization
  12. 12. The “Bitcoin End Game” Barski, Conrad, and Chris Wilmer. 2014. Bitcoin for the Befuddled. San Francisco: No Starch Press.
  13. 13. “Just as robots have helped the world reduce menial physical labor, so cryptocurrency technology now gives us the tools to automate the menial labor of bureaucracy. Optimistically, the entirety of humanity will benefit as a result.” Barski, Conrad, and Chris Wilmer. 2014. Bitcoin for the Befuddled. San Francisco: No Starch Press.
  14. 14. Bitcoin and Public Infrastructure “In this future scenario, the roads on which Jen is driving will have also become autonomous actors, doing trades with the car … They can submit bids to the car about how much they're going to charge to use them. If she's in a hurry, Jen can choose a road that's a bit more expensive but which will allow her to get into the city faster. Awesome, right?” Mike Hearn. The Future of Money - Turing Festival 2013. Edinburgh.
  15. 15. Public good from an economic perspective Excludable Non- excludable Rivalrous Private goods Common goods Non-rivalrous Club goods Public goods
  16. 16. Measurement turns a public good into a private good
  17. 17. Bitcoin as a paradoxical commons* Excludable Non- excludable Rivalrous Private goods Common goods Non-rivalrous Club goods Public goods *outside: private good inside: common good
  18. 18. The Commons deals with limited resources involves conflict requires monitoring and enforcement has to be constantly re-negotiated shared instead of individual perspective Ostrom, Elinor. 1990. Governing the Commons: The Evolution of Institutions for Collective Action. Cambridge university press.
  19. 19. 4. The aesthetics of transactionalization
  20. 20. –Erik Voorhes, Twitter, Oct 1. 2012 Bitcoin “is regulated, only by mathematics instead of politicians.”
  21. 21. A governance conflict typical for common goods https://www.reddit.com/r/Bitcoin/comments/3adkxc
  22. 22. Karl Gottlieb von Windisch. 1783. Briefe über den Schachspieler des Hrn. von Kempelen, nebst drei Kupferstichen die diese berühmte Maschine vorstellen. Human agency disguised as algorithms
  23. 23. Gregor Aisch, 2011 Clean outside
  24. 24. Accountability Technologies collecting data coordinating volunteers spreading the message Guttenplag activity, visualization: User8, reproduced in: Offenhuber, Dietmar, and Katja Schechtner, eds. 2013. Accountability Technologies - Tools for Asking Hard Questions. Vienna: Ambra V. Messy inside
  25. 25. Accountability-oriented design http://www.soofa.co/
  26. 26. http://intellistreets.com
  27. 27. http://intellistreets.com
  28. 28. “Jack Kutner hoped to re-position Bigbelly's solar- powered trash compacting stations beyond trash and recycling and use them also to provide public space Wi- Fi, advertising, and urban intelligence sensors.” http://bigbelly.com/is-that-just-a-trash-can-or-might-it-also-be-a-wi-fi-hotspot http://www.hbs.edu/faculty/Pages/item.aspx?num=50059
  29. 29. Accountability-oriented design calls attention to issues of governance
  30. 30. Accountability-oriented design makes systems legible Chinese bitcoin mine
  31. 31. Ambient Accountability - Dieter Zinnbauer Know Your Rights mural by Dasic Fernández
  32. 32. Memory Matrix - Azra Aksamija Cryptographic Heritage - Dietmar Offenhuber
  33. 33. Accountability-oriented design shapes public discourse by managing visibility
  34. 34. Opacity through transparency
  35. 35. Urban Entropy (2015), Dietmar Offenhuber, Ars Electronica Center
  36. 36. Accountability-oriented design does not explain, it shows Adrian Pratt Router
  37. 37. Accountability-oriented design acknowledges its own limitations
  38. 38. Workshop Maria Cecilia Loschiavo dos Santos, Professor, University of São Paulo Anne Scheinberg, Noë Waste Measurement Consultants (NWMC), the Hague Dietmar Offenhuber, Assistant Professor, Northeastern University, Boston Full-day workshop, April 22nd from 9am - 3pm Join our workshop tomorrow (please)

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