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OER Africa – An Introduction (Kenya Methodist University, Meru) January 2010


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Presentation by OER Africa to the Kenya Methodist University, Meru, Kenya, 26th January 2010 on the introducing OER and licencing frameworks.

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OER Africa – An Introduction (Kenya Methodist University, Meru) January 2010

  1. 1. OER AfricaAn introductionKenya Methodist University Meru, Kenya 27th January, 2010
  2. 2. Who we are OER Africa is an innovative initiative of Saide, headquartered in Nairobi and established to play a leading role in driving the development and use of OER in Africa. OER Africa brings together all of SAIDE’s OER-related activities under a common conceptual framework designed to ensure that the full value proposition of OER is unleashed to the greatest possible effect in African education. Seed funding from the William & Flora Hewlett Foundation and a wide variety of projects and partnerships running across Africa, to deploy African experts and expertise to harness the concept of OER to the benefit of education systems on the continent and around the world. KeMU Policy Review & OER 2 Workshop
  3. 3. What is the Vision of OER Africa? Vibrant and sustainable African education systems and institutions that play a critical role in building and sustaining African societies and economies, by producing the continent’s future intellectual leaders through free and open development and sharing of common intellectual capital. KeMU Policy Review & OER 3 Workshop
  4. 4. What is the Mission of OER Africa? To establish dynamic networks of African OER practitioners by connecting like-minded academics from across the continent to develop, share, and adapt OER to meet the higher education needs of African societies. By creating and sustaining human networks of collaboration – face-to-face and online – OER Africa will enable African academics to harness the power of OER, develop their capacity, and become integrated into the emerging global OER networks as active participants rather than passive consumers. KeMU Policy Review & OER 4 Workshop
  5. 5. KeMU – OER Africa MoU Intent of this MOU is to create a framework that will assist both parties create a working partnership to enable joint pursuit of collaborative activities and projects… … specifically in the area of Open Educational Resources for Health (Health OER) …more generally in areas where there are demonstrable intersections of interest. KeMU Policy Review & OER Workshop 5
  6. 6. KeMU – OER Africa Activities Purpose of these activities & projects will be to develop quality, innovative, educationally sound educational programmes and re-deployable educational resources for meaningful education and to deliver these programmes using appropriate e- learning platforms where appropriate. Emphasis on the creation of policies that support the creation and sharing of Open Educational Resources (OER). OER Africa to run sensitization workshops at KeMU to help to ensure that academic staff are brought up to date with, and participate in the review of policy frameworks. (Oct ‘09, Jan ‘10) KeMU Policy Review & OER Workshop 6
  7. 7. Objective of Policy MappingOver-arching Policy Framework on OER which:  takes cognisance of the particular circumstances, Vision and Mission of each participating university and;  facilitates collaboration with other distance education providers to produce and adapt high quality distance learning materials for use in programmes. KeMU Policy Review & OER 7 Workshop
  9. 9. Why Open EducationalResources?Concept: Educational resources for use by educators and learners, without an accompanying need to pay royalties or licence fees. New licensing frameworks remove copying / adaptation restrictions OER hold potential for reducing the cost of accessing educational materials. KeMU Policy Review & OER 9 Workshop
  10. 10. What Potential Lies in OER? Access to the means of production enables development of educators’ competence in producing educational materials Access to instructional design necessary to integrate such materials into high quality programmes of learning. Principle of allowing adaptation of materials enables learners to be active participants in educational processes KeMU Policy Review & OER 10 Workshop
  11. 11. How do we Capture thisPotential? Through the potential of a collaborative partnership of people... working in communities of practice focussed on the four main elements of the OER evolutionary process: Creation, Organization, Dissemination and Use. KeMU Policy Review & OER 11 Workshop
  12. 12. Dispelling Some Myths Content = education Good content will overcome institutional capacity constraints OER should be a process of voluntarism OER will make education cheaper in the short- term Openness automatically equates with quality OER is about e-learning KeMU Policy Review & OER 12 Workshop
  14. 14. What is the most commonly usedAlternative License Framework? Most developed alterative licensing approach is that developed by Larry Lessig of Stanford University in 2001, called Creative Commons (CC). CC licences most often used for OER work and provide various options. The CC approach provides user-friendly open licences for digital materials and so avoids the automatically applied copyright restrictions. KeMU Policy Review & OER 14 Workshop
  15. 15. How do CC Licenses Work?CC licences are based on four specific conditions:  attribution,  share alike,  non-commercial and  no derivative works KeMU Policy Review & OER 15 Workshop
  16. 16. What are the CC LicenseConditions? (1)Creators choose a set of conditions they wish toapply to their work. Attribution  Share AlikeYou let others copy, You allow others todistribute, display, and distribute derivative worksperform your copyrighted only under a licensework — and derivative identical to the licenseworks based upon it — but that governs your work.only if they give credit theway you request. KeMU Policy Review & OER 16 Workshop
  17. 17. What are the CC LicenseConditions? (2) Non-commercial  No Derivative WorksYou let others copy, You let others copy,distribute, display, and distribute, display, andperform your work — and perform only verbatimderivative works based upon copies of your work, notit — but for non-commercial derivative works basedpurposes only. upon it. http://creative commons .org KeMU Policy Review & OER 17 Workshop
  18. 18. How do CC Licenses ProtectIntellectual Property?All CC Licenses assert the author’s right overcopyright and the granting of copyright freedomsand require licensees to: Obtain permission should they wish to use the resource in a manner that has been restricted; Keep the copyright notice intact on all copies of the work; Publish the licence with the work or include a link to the licence from any copies of the work; Not change the licence terms in anyway; Not use technology or other means to restrict other licences’ lawful use of the work. KeMU Policy Review & OER 18 Workshop
  19. 19. What are the various CC Licenses? Based on your choices, CC will suggest a license. formulation that clearly indicates how other people may use your work. Attribution (By) Attribution — Share Alike Attribution — No Derivatives http://creative commons .org KeMU Policy Review & OER 19 Workshop
  20. 20. What are the various CC Licenses?. Attribution — Non-Commercial Attribution — Non-Commercial — Share Alike Attribution — Non-Commercial — No Derivatives http://creative commons .org KeMU Policy Review & OER 20 Workshop
  21. 21. What can Creative CommonsDo for Me? CC licenses give you flexibility  e.g. you can choose to only pre-clear non-commercial uses or to combine several license conditions CC Licenses protect the people who use your work  As long as they abide by the terms you have specified, they don’t have to worry about copyright infringement. Relevant content is available to you under various CC Licenses  If you are looking for content that you can freely and legally use, there is a giant pool of CC-licensed creativity available to you. KeMU Policy Review & OER 21 Workshop
  22. 22. INTRODUCING KeMU Policy Review & OER 22 Workshop
  23. 23. Q&AKeMU Policy Review & OER 23 Workshop
  24. 24. Thank youCatherine Ngugi Neil ButcherProject Director OER
  25. 25. COMMENTS AFTER SESSIONS 1 & 2 KeMU Policy Review & OER 25 Workshop
  26. 26. Questions / Comments (1) KeMU Policy Review & OER 26 Workshop
  27. 27. Questions / Comments (2) KeMU Policy Review & OER 27 Workshop