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Technology adoption in Education: Challenges to create and share with the OER Ecosystem

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Carmelo Branimir España Villegas, Manuel Caeiro Rodriguez
Universidad de Vigo

Published in: Education
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Technology adoption in Education: Challenges to create and share with the OER Ecosystem

  1. 1. Carmelo B. España Villegas cespana@uvigo.es Manuel Caeiro Rodriguez mcaeiro@uvigo.es Technology adoption in Education: Challenges to create and share with the OER Ecosystem Conclusions Innovation in Education Open Educational Resources Open Educational Resources Ecosystem Methodology and Initial Results Introduction 1
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION "... Everyone can innovate, but we must do on important and not interesting issues. We must solve real problems in the region ...” [1] “....There is an unresolved dichotomy of how to integrate technologies in education ....” [2] “...Further research is claimed to improve expectations and use of ICT in this sector...”[3] “...Recent research states that although OER are present more than 10 years ago, are in infancy stage...”[4] ] 2
  3. 3. INTRODUCTION How are innovations adopted in the OER ecosystem? How can we promote educational innovation, mainly related to ICT, among teachers based on the OER model for open education? In general, how does the adoption of the OER ecosystem contribute to educational innovation? 3
  4. 4. INTRODUCTION 4
  5. 5. INNOVATION IN EDUCATION ICT (Information and Communication Technologies) TLK (Technologies for Learning and Knowledge) TAM (Technology Acceptance Model) 5
  6. 6. INNOVATION IN EDUCATION 6 TAM base sequence
  7. 7. OPEN EDUCATIONAL RESOURCES 7 What is OER? Open Educational Resources (OER) are teaching, learning or research materials that are in the public domain or released with an intellectual property license that allows for free use, adaptation, and distribution. Educational material offered freely and open to anyone under license agreements Source material created under an open license can be reused, improved, redistributed or re-mixed
  8. 8. OPEN EDUCATIONAL RESOURCES 8 THE 5R PERMISSIONS OF OER • Make and own copiesRetain • Use in a wide range of waysReuse • People can adapt, modify, translate, or change the form of the work with othersRevise • People can take two or more existing resources and combine them to create a new resourceRemix • People can share copies of the work with othersRedistribute Source: by David Wiley
  9. 9. OPEN EDUCATIONAL RESOURCES https://oerworldmap.org/ 9
  10. 10. OPEN EDUCATIONAL RESOURCES ECOSYSTEM 10
  11. 11. METHODOLOGY AND INITIAL RESULT 11
  12. 12. METHODOLOGY AND INITIAL RESULT Instrument The questionnaire has 27 questions, grouped in the following categories: Demographics and teaching data, Preparation for teaching, Attitude for teaching (regarding ICT, TLK, OER), as well as vision about OER support. Instrument for Data Collection Data Collection The questionnaire was provided online through the page http://www.innovarea.org. Teachers of universities from Spain, Chile, Bolivia and Peru were asked to fill in it between the months of October to November of 2016.
  13. 13. METHODOLOGY AND INITIAL RESULT Initial survey of 650 university teachers was carried out 274 answers 250 complete answers 13
  14. 14. METHODOLOGY AND INITIAL RESULT 14 1) Demographics and teaching data 2) Preparation of Teachers 3) Teachers Attitude 4) OER knowledge 5) Institutional
  15. 15. METHODOLOGY AND INITIAL RESULT Type of course given by teachers in the last year 63% 37% 15 Demographics and teaching data
  16. 16. METHODOLOGY AND INITIAL RESULT Training in ICT-TLK. What training did you receive during recent years? YES NO Pedagogical models or didactic methodologies of virtual education, mixed (blended) 61% 39% Techniques of communication and interaction of learning for virtual education, mixed (blended) 49% 51% Alternative assessment methods and resources for virtual, blended education 41% 59% In administration and / or planning of virtual education, mixed (blended) 27% 73% Office (Word, Excel, PowerPoint, others) 59% 41% Image, audio, video and design (ex: Photoshop, Camtasia, Audacy, others) 46% 54% Virtual teaching platforms (Moodle, Dokeos, others) 63% 37% Use of social networks for academic purposes (Facebook, Twitter, others) 50% 50% Creation and use of MOOC (Massive Online Open Courses) 16% 84% Preparation of Teachers
  17. 17. METHODOLOGY AND INITIAL RESULT How do you consider your ICT proficiency according to your needs and expectations in: Very Poor Poor Regular Good Excellent Pedagogical models or didactic methodologies of virtual education, mixed (blended) 1% 11% 43% 39% 5% Techniques of communication and interaction of learning for virtual education, mixed (blended) 3% 12% 42% 38% 5% Alternative assessment methods and resources for virtual, blended education 3% 17% 47% 28% 5% In administration and / or planning of virtual education, mixed (blended) 3% 21% 42% 28% 5% Office (Word, Excel, PowerPoint, others) 3% 5% 16% 50% 26% Image, audio, video and design (ex: Photoshop, Camtasia, Audacy, others) 4% 16% 35% 38% 7% Virtual teaching platforms (Moodle, Dokeos, others) 4% 17% 30% 38% 11% Use of social networks for academic purposes (Facebook, Twitter, others) 3% 17% 30% 38% 13% Creation and use of MOOC (Massive Online Open Courses) 14% 39% 29% 14% 4%17 Preparation of Teachers
  18. 18. METHODOLOGY AND INITIAL RESULT Inclusion of educational resources in their teaching practice according to their experience 18 Preparation of Teachers
  19. 19. METHODOLOGY AND INITIAL RESULT 19 Teachers Attitude
  20. 20. METHODOLOGY AND INITIAL RESULT Predisposition to be trained 20 Teachers Attitude
  21. 21. METHODOLOGY AND INITIAL RESULT OER knowledge 21 OER knowledge
  22. 22. METHODOLOGY AND INITIAL RESULT Teachers indicate 67% that their universities do not have support for the creation of OER 85% believe that their university should have an Educational Resources development team that can create content based on requirement 99% are willing to use in their class a web platform that facilitates technological innovation based on a model and guide for the use of OER 22 Institutional
  23. 23. METHODOLOGY AND INITIAL RESULT Repository in university 23 Institutional
  24. 24. CONCLUSIONS 24
  25. 25. CONCLUSIONS 25
  26. 26. Contact Carmelo B. España Villegas cespana@uvigo.es Manuel Caeiro Rodriguez mcaeiro@uvigo.es http://www.innovarea.org 26

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