Separating Rhetoric from Reality: The Process of Institutionalizing OER Practices at African Universities

Open Education Consortium
Open Education ConsortiumOpen Education Consortium
1
Separating Rhetoric from Reality
OE Global, March 2017
Cape Town, South Africa
The Process of Institutionalizing OER Practices
at African Universities
Project Objectives
OER Africa is working, over 3 years, with 4 universities
in Kenya, Tanzania, and South Africa to
• support deepening pedagogical practices that employ OER
and ICT to improve teaching and learning
• build an evidence base from the emerging lessons of
experience to inform application of similar strategies in other
African HEIs
Why OER and ICT to Transform
Pedagogy?
ANU – Africa Nazarene University
• unforeseen demand for its limited portfolio of DE courses
resulted in a need for a standardised model for materials
development
– OER introduced into development of more DE modules and
supportive T&L materials.
OUT – Open University of Tanzania
• innovative approach of involving faculty in the design of an
OER-based Digital Fluency course
– capacitate staff to make the best possible use of OER and
available technologies
OP - Onderstepoort
• OER used to support block teaching of flagship veterinary
sciences degree programme.
– Pedagogical change to incorporate resource-based learning
(RBL) and ICT becomes a logical consequence.
UFS – University of the Free State
• CTL + ULD strategy which incorporates effective development,
adaptation, and use of OER to
– deliver language development courses for UFS students and,
– for ongoing research into the effectiveness of ULD strategies.
Why OER and ICT to Transform
Pedagogy?
Emerging Lessons
What are we learning about OER &
Pedagogy?
• Interactive teaching and learning materials considered a
qualitatively positive development and OER viewed as an
enabler to such improved quality.
• In some instances, scarcity of topical resources (due to
their high cost) meant that making readily available to
students any well-presented learning materials was also
deemed a marker of quality.
Such perceptions of pedagogy suggest that, for many
academics, the mere application of OER and / or ICT, is
deemed a marker of improved teaching and learning.
What are we learning about OER
Practices?
• OER Concept and its potential for improving teaching
and learning, not widely understood
• OER Africa-led workshops & partner need for relevant
OER and ICT have facilitated discussions about how they
might transform teaching and learning
What are we learning about Pedagogy,
OER & Quality?
• Growing sense that judicious use of OER
can help to improve the quality of courses
– e.g. in the development of the capacity of CTL
support staff to harness OER as part of the
course design activities they undertake with
UFS academics
• Iterative process of course design
completion, licensing, piloting, use
and review of materials, necessary
to demonstrate efficacy of
innovation
• OER & ICT deployed to contain
the costs of course materials
design and/or to save time
spent on content development
Changing Perceptions
What is the Role of Institutional Policy?
• OER policy issues intertwined
with ICT, IP/copyright & HR
issues
• Different strategies at the
different institutions
• Misaligned practices v policies
common
• Mitigation strategies in place
Why Research Teaching & Learning?
• Pedagogical reforms should
be driven by grounded
research
• Research into pedagogical
practices unusual outside
faculties of education
OER Africa – some conclusions
Envisaged OER Research
Research themes most commonly identified as important
when exploring OER issues:
• Using student research to generate, collect, and process OERs;
• Examining the impact of using OER and measuring
improvements in student performance;
• Undertaking financial analysis of relative costs of using OER in
course design.
Actual Pedagogical Research
Interest expressed – but limited progress made in
• Surveying needs, monitoring processes and evaluating impact,
primarily in terms of improved student performance.
• CTL at UFS a notable exception:
– entrenched PAR program whereby staff support academic faculties to
improve teaching and learning practices
– excellent example of structured institutional commitment to critical
reflection on effective pedagogy
PLAN
ACT
OBSERVE
REFLECT
PLAN
OER & Pedagogical Transformation
4 institutions each demonstrating diverse activities and
approaches towards institutionalization of improved
pedagogies
• All recognise need for resource-based flexible provision
– e.g. flipped classrooms, part-time studies, distance education, and online
learning
• Growing willingness to deploy OER practices to improve teaching
& learning
• Some barriers to researching pedagogical innovation being
addressed through Policy
• Faculty still face various constraints to institutionalize OER
practices, e.g.
– traffic, academic administration, culture of creating from scratch
“Education is a human right
with immense power to
transform. On its foundation
rest the cornerstones of
freedom, democracy and
sustainable human
development.”
Kofi Anan
Nobel Laureate, 2001
Wangari Maathai
(1940-2011)
Nobel Laureate, 2004
“Human rights are not things that are put on
the table for people to enjoy. These are
things you fight for and then you protect.”
THANK YOU
Catherine Ngugi
catherine.ngugi@oerafrica.org / catherine.ngugi@gmail.com
1 of 18

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Separating Rhetoric from Reality: The Process of Institutionalizing OER Practices at African Universities

  • 1. 1 Separating Rhetoric from Reality OE Global, March 2017 Cape Town, South Africa The Process of Institutionalizing OER Practices at African Universities
  • 2. Project Objectives OER Africa is working, over 3 years, with 4 universities in Kenya, Tanzania, and South Africa to • support deepening pedagogical practices that employ OER and ICT to improve teaching and learning • build an evidence base from the emerging lessons of experience to inform application of similar strategies in other African HEIs
  • 3. Why OER and ICT to Transform Pedagogy? ANU – Africa Nazarene University • unforeseen demand for its limited portfolio of DE courses resulted in a need for a standardised model for materials development – OER introduced into development of more DE modules and supportive T&L materials. OUT – Open University of Tanzania • innovative approach of involving faculty in the design of an OER-based Digital Fluency course – capacitate staff to make the best possible use of OER and available technologies
  • 4. OP - Onderstepoort • OER used to support block teaching of flagship veterinary sciences degree programme. – Pedagogical change to incorporate resource-based learning (RBL) and ICT becomes a logical consequence. UFS – University of the Free State • CTL + ULD strategy which incorporates effective development, adaptation, and use of OER to – deliver language development courses for UFS students and, – for ongoing research into the effectiveness of ULD strategies. Why OER and ICT to Transform Pedagogy?
  • 6. What are we learning about OER & Pedagogy? • Interactive teaching and learning materials considered a qualitatively positive development and OER viewed as an enabler to such improved quality. • In some instances, scarcity of topical resources (due to their high cost) meant that making readily available to students any well-presented learning materials was also deemed a marker of quality. Such perceptions of pedagogy suggest that, for many academics, the mere application of OER and / or ICT, is deemed a marker of improved teaching and learning.
  • 7. What are we learning about OER Practices? • OER Concept and its potential for improving teaching and learning, not widely understood • OER Africa-led workshops & partner need for relevant OER and ICT have facilitated discussions about how they might transform teaching and learning
  • 8. What are we learning about Pedagogy, OER & Quality? • Growing sense that judicious use of OER can help to improve the quality of courses – e.g. in the development of the capacity of CTL support staff to harness OER as part of the course design activities they undertake with UFS academics • Iterative process of course design completion, licensing, piloting, use and review of materials, necessary to demonstrate efficacy of innovation • OER & ICT deployed to contain the costs of course materials design and/or to save time spent on content development
  • 10. What is the Role of Institutional Policy? • OER policy issues intertwined with ICT, IP/copyright & HR issues • Different strategies at the different institutions • Misaligned practices v policies common • Mitigation strategies in place
  • 11. Why Research Teaching & Learning? • Pedagogical reforms should be driven by grounded research • Research into pedagogical practices unusual outside faculties of education
  • 12. OER Africa – some conclusions
  • 13. Envisaged OER Research Research themes most commonly identified as important when exploring OER issues: • Using student research to generate, collect, and process OERs; • Examining the impact of using OER and measuring improvements in student performance; • Undertaking financial analysis of relative costs of using OER in course design.
  • 14. Actual Pedagogical Research Interest expressed – but limited progress made in • Surveying needs, monitoring processes and evaluating impact, primarily in terms of improved student performance. • CTL at UFS a notable exception: – entrenched PAR program whereby staff support academic faculties to improve teaching and learning practices – excellent example of structured institutional commitment to critical reflection on effective pedagogy PLAN ACT OBSERVE REFLECT PLAN
  • 15. OER & Pedagogical Transformation 4 institutions each demonstrating diverse activities and approaches towards institutionalization of improved pedagogies • All recognise need for resource-based flexible provision – e.g. flipped classrooms, part-time studies, distance education, and online learning • Growing willingness to deploy OER practices to improve teaching & learning • Some barriers to researching pedagogical innovation being addressed through Policy • Faculty still face various constraints to institutionalize OER practices, e.g. – traffic, academic administration, culture of creating from scratch
  • 16. “Education is a human right with immense power to transform. On its foundation rest the cornerstones of freedom, democracy and sustainable human development.” Kofi Anan Nobel Laureate, 2001
  • 17. Wangari Maathai (1940-2011) Nobel Laureate, 2004 “Human rights are not things that are put on the table for people to enjoy. These are things you fight for and then you protect.”

Editor's Notes

  1. Image source: http://www.earths-edge.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/12/Kilimanjaro-From-the-National-Park.jpg
  2. Spice image modified from: http://www.pimpyourkitchen.co.uk/dynamic/media/4/images/Designs/Impression/kitchen_splashback_design_mixed_spices_Z.jpg
  3. IMAGE SOURCE – Copyright Logo: http://cdn.mg.co.za/crop/content/images/2015/02/25/mtnzambia_landscape.jpg/633x356/ IMAGE SOURCE – swiping a card: http://blog.readyforzero.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/09/creditswipe.jpg IMAGE SOURCE – Pay Pal to Mpesa: http://www.biasharainsight.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/02/pptompesa.jpg IMAGE SOURCE – Two heads sharing: http://www.lommen.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/03/Intellectual-Property-e1460643227160.jpg
  4. IMAGE SOURCE – open binder: https://encrypted-tbn2.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcRkStQjG5GGy2JYpJwqbQOj5aTiuV6LSS_iXUFsASsape00P8mj-A IMAGE SOURCE – scrabble logo: http://www.sigmaweb.org/media/oecdorg/satellitesites/sigma/policy-making-reg-520x328.jpg
  5. IMAGE Source: http://www.insight.vic.edu.au/SiteAssets/assessment-and-the-learning-and-teaching-cycle/LearningCycle_XS.jpg
  6. Image – OER Africa 2016 Convening
  7. Image source: https://s-media-cache-ak0.pinimg.com/736x/e3/95/17/e39517c643e2320d0f993af79cb6f2c9.jpg
  8. Source of circle images: http://stem.oregonstate.edu/files/stemfiles/esteme/graphic3.png
  9. Picture: http://static.goal.com/100000/100084.jpg Quote from : http://www.unicef.org/sowc99/sowc99a.pdf – The State of the World’s Children (1999) [downloaded Sept 20th 2014) Kofi Annan was awarded the Peace Prize for having revitalized the UN and for having given priority to human rights. The Nobel Committee also recognized his commitment to the struggle to contain the spreading of the HIV virus in Africa and his declared opposition to international terrorism. (http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/2001/annan-facts.html) He served as the seventh Secretary-General of the United Nations from January 1997 to December 2006.
  10. Source of image: http://www.africanfilmny.org/BR/wp-content/uploads/2014/11/timthumb-556x368.jpg Source of quote: http://www.azquotes.com/author/9190-Wangari_Maathai
  11. Image source: G K Anampiu, Mt. Kilimanjaro with the Mawenzi and Kibo peaks in evidence
  12. Image Source: http://www.sswisdomschool.com/images/pedagogy.png