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ODDC Context - Open government data for regulation of energy resource industries in India

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Presentation in the first workshop of the Exploring the Emerging Impacts of Open Data in Developing Countries project. Looking at the context of open data, and the research case study planned for 2013 - 2014. See http://www.opendataresearch.org/project/2013/teri

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ODDC Context - Open government data for regulation of energy resource industries in India

  1. 1. OGD for Regulation of EnergyResources in India: Case of Coaland Oil & GasTERI PresentationODDC Research Network Meeting24-26th AprilLondon1
  2. 2. Structure of Presentation1 Research Objective & Governance issues in Identified Sectors2 Overview of supply of Government Data in India3 Research Questions4 Description of National Context of the case ( Political, Organizational &legal)5 Benefits of Open Data for Extractive Industries6 Open Datasets Involved: Supply of Data2
  3. 3. Project Objectives• Overall goal▫ To examine the availability and accessibility of OGD forimproved governance of extractive energy industries inIndia and understand the issues therein• Specific objectives▫ Governance, performance and role of open data▫ Data accessibility, gaps and outcomes▫ Instruments, agents and impacts▫ Suggest ways to enhance openness in government data3
  4. 4. Governance issues in the IdentifiedSectors1. Insufficient transparency in case of private participation in resourcedevelopment –how players are chosen, who benefits, who losses On allocation of coal – insufficient transparency in allocation of coal blocks,coal blocks awarded at less than competitive rates Audit of PSC in hydrocarbons- excessive capital expenditure by Reliance2. Adverse impacts on local communities (health, displacement, lossof livelihoood or heritage)3. Very little participation of communities directly impacted (and eventhe local governments) & compensation paid out4. Centre- State Government tussle in sharing of benefits fromresources4
  5. 5. State of Supply of Government Data5PublishedRTINDSAPParliamentaryQuestionsCAG Reports
  6. 6. Research questions1. Governance, performance and role of open data: Assess how governance affects theperformance outcomes of the extractive energy resources sector and the role ofgreater data openness in improving the performance of the sector.▫ How do principles of good governance and open government data principlesinteract with each other?▫ To what extent can access to data address governance challenges in the extractiveenergy sector in India?2. Data accessibility, gaps and sectoral outcomes: Assess the current state of dataavailability and identify the gaps where open data provision can influence thegovernance outcomes in the identified sectors▫ What are the sectoral domains in which data are available? What are the sources?Is the data usable and useful? What are the legal frameworks for data provision anduse?▫ What are the domains of the extractive energy sector in India in which informationaccessibility gap exists? What are the constraints to making such data open?▫ Are there any differences in the provisioning of data in the two selected sub sectors– coal and petroleum? For instance, has greater private investment in petroleumstreamlined and improved data availability and accessibility in this sector asagainst coal which still primarily is a public monopoly?6
  7. 7. Research Questions3. Instruments, agents and impacts: Discuss the impact of existing instruments andinitiatives for open government data that relate to coal and petroleum and naturalgas▫ Who uses these data (both proactive and reactive), how and for what purpose?▫ What are the notable changes, if any, in the governance of identified sectors postinstruments such as RTI?▫ How does the impact vary at different levels of government?4. Suggest ways to enhance openness in government data for the extractive resourcessector in general, and coal and petroleum in particular▫ What are the key indicators for assessing the status of open empirical basedknowledge in the extractive resources sector?▫ What guidelines can ensure that open data provided strengthens greateropenness, participation and transparency for the extractive energy sector?7
  8. 8. Context for Open Data• Political Context8Passive• GovernmentRecords eitherpartiallyavailable ornot availableto publicReactive• RTI Act passedin 2005• ParliamentaryQ&AProactive• NDSAP 2010
  9. 9. Organizational ContextMSPI (NSO & PMC)DST -NDSAPNIC –ICT network,open data portal ofGoIDoPT -RTIOverallSector specificMinistries to haveNDSAP cell & PIOsCoal Controller –nodal authority forcoal dataPPAC, Directorate ofHydrocarbons &PNGRB- P&GSectorSpecific9
  10. 10. Legal ContextKey Acts and PoliciesArticle 19 (I)Constitution ofIndiaRight to free speech and expressionRight to Information an extension of this as information is apre-requisite for exercising this rightRight toInformation Act,2005Helps citizens access information under the control ofgovernment authoritiesProvides for setting of Central & State InformationCommissions and PIOsCollection ofStatistics Act,2008Facilitates collection of statistics on economic, demographic,social, scientific and environmental aspectsPNGRB, 2005 PNDRB to maintain data bank on activities of differententities dealing with petroleum and natural gasNational DataSharing &AccessibilityPolicy 2012Aims to facilitate access to government data in human andmachine readable formsMandates government departments to proactively open updata ‘as is where is’ basis10
  11. 11. 11Benefits of Open Data for ExtractiveIndustries:Activities in extractive industries has financial,environmental and social implications. Governancebenefits of …• Financial transparency: Transparency in revenuecollection/sharing/distribution will help to improve public acceptabilityand investment climate by providing a clear signal to investors and also tothe public that the government is committed to greater transparency,etc• Transparency in environmental reporting: Transparency inreporting environmental related information due to extraction activities willhelp in better monitoring and hence prevent any deterioration of environmentalquality, measure benefits of projects against possible environment damage.•Transparency in reporting impacts on society: Improvedtransparency will help in public acceptability of projects, monitor andpromote social developmental goals, etc (compensation payment)
  12. 12. • Key financial indicators: Quality and type of resources extracted, price, revenuecollection, revenue distribution/transfers (government and non-government), financialbenefits received by companies from the government (e.g. various tax benefits/incentives)and their compatibility with related existing regulation, etc• Key environmental indicators: Loss of forest cover, land degradation, waterpollution, periodicity of reporting/monitoring, air pollution, sound pollution, audit reportsof disaster management, democracy in appointment of regulators, etc• Key social indicators: People displaced/affected, accidents or deaths at work, healthimpacts, employment opportunities created in projects, etc, social infrastructure andbeneficiaries, etc• Other indicators: Allocation of contracts, terms of contracts, monitoring compliance,12Possible indicators
  13. 13. Assessing Open Data Supply :FocusSectorsQuestions RepliesDoes the Data Exist? Substantial data exists but not mostly humanreadable, machine readability relatively newIs it available online? Mostly industry related data available –production, consumption, availability, exportand importConsumer and people related data much lessavailable –social & environmental aspectsIs dataset provided inmachine readable formPetroleum data is available(to an extent)Coal data unavailable (coal directories orPDFs)Is the dataset free of charge? Yes most data isIs date openly licensed Data property of governmentIs the data upto date No particularly environment and social aspects13
  14. 14. 14THANK YOU

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