ODDC Context - Opening the Cities: Open Government Data in Local Governments of Argentina, Brazil and Uruguay


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Presentation in the first workshop of the Exploring the Emerging Impacts of Open Data in Developing Countries project. Looking at the context of open data, and the research case study planned for 2013 - 2014. See http://www.opendataresearch.org/project/2013/jcv

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ODDC Context - Opening the Cities: Open Government Data in Local Governments of Argentina, Brazil and Uruguay

  1. 1. Opening the Cities:Open Government Data inLocal Governments ofArgentina, Brazil andUruguayMPP. Silvana FumegaMSc. Ricardo MatheusMSc. Manuella Maia RibeiroMPP. Fabrizio ScroliniPhD. José Carlos Vaz
  2. 2. Contextualization• Open Government Data is increasingly gaining relevance at thenational and local level in Latin America. (Scrollini & Fumega, 2011);• Majority of Latin American population is currently urban and have anmobile phone on the hands;• Data can be potential to face challenges of cities, although theirsbudgetary and political limitations (Davies & Bawa,2012);• Three case studies from the Southern Cone:• Buenos Aires, Argentina/ São Paulo, Brazil/ Montevideo, Uruguay
  3. 3. The Cities• Buenos Aires (Argentina)• Decree on OGD and Portal opening (2012);• Evidence of top-down approach for OGD implementation;• Presence of community hacker. Until now, the main detected users of data published.• Montevideo (Uruguay)• First municipality to adopt OGD in Latin America (2010);• Evidence of bottom-up approach of policy design (Scrollini, 2011);• Good quantity of Dataset published and presence of applications made by civil society.• São Paulo (Brazil)• Biggest and wealthy city in Latin America;• Evidence of bottom-up policy design (Vaz et al, 2011);• Good quantity of Dataset published and presence of applications made by civil society.
  4. 4. Research Objectives• General Objectives:• Identify how OGD policies emerged on these selected cities;• Identify what impacts OGD policies are producing on Civil Society and Private Sector;and,• Identify what are the challenges for local government to implement OGD.• Specific Objectives:• Produce an on-going historical description of political context, implementation andcivil society usage; and,• Seeks to provide in-depth description of the context and structure of governanceissues around open government data in cities, addressing key institutional and socialchallenges.
  5. 5. Expected Outcomes and Impacts• A framework of how open government data works on selected case studies localgovernments;• An analysis on key governance issues around open government data policies incities that could be relevant for policy makers and activists designing OGDpolicies;• An analysis of main drivers for demand of open government data at a local level;• A description of the context and structure of governance issues around opengovernment data in cities, addressing key institutional and social challenges;• Measuring of OGD governmental portals level of five star classification ofBerners-Lee (2006) and OGD rules from W3C (2012);• Map of Impacts of OGD policies produced by social control, transparency andinnovation on Civil Society and Private Sector; and,• In terms of the dissemination it will deliver an executive summary in English,Spanish and Portuguese.
  6. 6. Research Approach (Methodology)
  7. 7. References• BACKICI T. Open Cities available athttp://opencities.net/sites/opencities.net/files/content-files/repository/D1.1%20State%20of%20the%20Art_Open%20Innovaaccessed 22 Dec 2012.• BERNERS-LEE, T.. (2006). Linked Data. Available at: http://www.w3.org/DesignIssues/LinkedData.html. Accessed in:09/03/2013.• DAVIES T.; BAWA Z. A. (2012). The promise and peris of Open Data. Journals of Community informatics Vol 8 n2.• FUMEGA, S.; SCROLLINI, F.. (2011). Access to Information and Open Data in Latin America. First Global Conferenceon Transparency Research. New Jersey, US, Rutgers University.• SCROLLINI, F.. (2011). Open Government Data: The Rise of a "web Institution"?. 6th European Consortium forPolitical Research (ECPR) General Conference. Reykjavik, Iceland, European Consortium for Political Research.• YIN, R. K.. (2005). Case Study Research: Design and Methods. 3rd Edition. Bookman, 2005.• YU, H.; ROBINSON, D. G.. (2012). The New Ambiguity of Open Government. Princeton CITP/Yale ISP Working Paper.United States of America, Princeton CITP/Yale ISP.• VAZ, J. C.; RIBEIRO, M. M.; MATHEUS, R.. (2011). New perspectives for electronic governance: the adoption ofopen government data in Brazil. First Global Conference on Transparency Research, Rutgers University, Newark,May 19-20, 2011.• W3C (World Wide Web Consortium). (2012). Publishing Open Government Data. Available at:http://www.w3.org/TR/gov-data/. Accessed in: 09/03/2013.
  8. 8. Any Suggestions? Comments?• Ricardo Matheus (ricardomatheus@gmail.com)• Fabrizio Scrollini (f.a.scrollini@lse.ac.uk)• Silvana Fumega (silfumega@gmail.com)• Manuella Maia Ribeiro (maiamanuella@gmail.com)• José Carlos Vaz (vaz@usp.br)Thanks!