ODDC Context - Open data, public budget and its relations to people’s rights in Brazil

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Presentation in the first workshop of the Exploring the Emerging Impacts of Open Data in Developing Countries project. Looking at the context of open data, and the research case study planned for 2013 - 2014. See http://www.opendataresearch.org/project/2013/inesc

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ODDC Context - Open data, public budget and its relations to people’s rights in Brazil

  1. 1. OPEN DATA, PUBLIC BUDGETAND ITS RELATIONS TOPEOPLE S RIGHTS IN BRAZILInstitute for Socioeconomic Studies
  2. 2. INESC - BACKGROUND INFORMATION INESC is a Brazilian policy, research and advocacy CSO founded in1979, with the mission of contribute to deepen democracy, promote humanrights and environmental sustainability, focusing our action on publicbudget and parliamentary work Since 1991 Inesc has developed strategies related tobudget process. We use budget as a tool to demandfrom the State the fullfilment of the Human Rights. Budget Transparency and Access to Information OBI (Open Budget Index) – International BudgetPartnership Subnational Budget Transparency (states andmunicipalities) Member of the Steering Committee of OGP (OpenGovernment Partnership) Member of the Transparency and AccountabilityInitiative
  3. 3. THE OBJECTIVES OF THE PROJECT• Analyze the disclose of the budgetinformation (revenues and expenses)made bythe Federal Government, the 26 capitals of thestates and the Federal District, complying tothe principles of open data•Rank the capitals and the FederalGovernment according to their performance•Evaluate the impacts of open data regardingbudget disclosed at the national transparencyportal on the expansion of Human Rights
  4. 4. POLITICAL CONTEXT• Brazilian Federal Constitution (1988)• Law 131/2009: federal government, states and municipalitiesmust disclose to the full knowledge and tracking by the society, inreal time, detailed information on the budgetary and financialexecution, in electronic means of public access•Access to information Law (2011): Mandatory the disseminationof the information at official sites of the internet; open and non-proprietary formats; structures and readable by machines• Brazil Government co-chared the OGP (Open GovernmentPartnership): public commitment with transparency, participationand access to information.
  5. 5. RESEARCH METHODS• A quantitative survey (28 transparency portals) to evaluate if theyprovide information on the execution of public budget in opendata (revenues and expenses).We will use the methodology which is based in the 08 OpenGovernment Data Principles(complete, primary, timely, accessible, machine processable, non-discriminatory, non-proprietary, license free) which wasinterpreted for specific context of budgetary data in Brazil(proposed by Gisele and others).For each of the categories we will propose a value that will allowus to produce a ranking
  6. 6. RESEARCH METHODS AND PARTNERSHIPA qualitative survey will be carry out among fourcategories of groups (information mediators) in a firsteffort to measure open data s impacts on theexpansion of human rights:•Government• Social Movements and NGOs•Media•Hacker CommunityPartnership: GPOPAI/USP – Group of Research on Public Policiesfor the Access to Information from University of São Paulo
  7. 7. PUBLIC BUDGET AND HUMAN RIGHTS: STANDARDS USED Apply the maximum of its availableresources to promote human rights(ICESCR obligation – art. 2); Promote the progressive implementation ofhuman rights –civil, political, economic, social, cultural, environmental, sexual and reproductive rights(ICESCR obligation – art. 2); Guarantee the HR without discrimination ofany kind. Act promoting equality and avoiddiscrimination; Ensure its financing with social justice; Social participation and transparency.The Stateshould:

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