ODDC Context - How open data could contribute to poverty eradication in Kenya and Uganda through its impacts on resource allocation

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Presentation in the first workshop of the Exploring the Emerging Impacts of Open Data in Developing Countries project. Looking at the context of open data, and the research case study planned for 2013 - 2014. See http://www.opendataresearch.org/project/2013/drt

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ODDC Context - How open data could contribute to poverty eradication in Kenya and Uganda through its impacts on resource allocation

  1. 1. Open data study in Uganda andKenyaODDC Network meeting in London:April 2013Beatrice Mugambe Executive DirectorDRT Uganda
  2. 2. Indicators Uganda KenyaPopulation (Millions) 34.1 41.9 (2011)Population growth (% per annum) 3.4 3.2Poverty (% below poverty line) 24.5 19.7Maternal mortality (per 100,000) 438 360 (2010)Life Expectancy (years) 53.5 57.7 (2013)Under 5 mortality rate (per 1,000 livebirths)90Literacy 73 87.4Net primary Enrolment (%) 96Completion to Primary 7 (%) 54GDP (US$ Billions) 17.1 67.2GDP per capita (US$ per annum) 516 1,507HIV Prevalence 7.3 2
  3. 3. 02,000,0004,000,0006,000,0008,000,00010,000,00012,000,00014,000,00016,000,00018,000,0002007 2008 2009 2010 2011Uganda Phone subscribers, 2007-2011Fixed Telephone Cellular Phone• ICT sector has grown rapidly over thepast years• Grew by 30.3% in 2009/10 accountingfor 3.3% of GDP• About 50% of the population use cellphones• 3% of the population subscribe tointernet3
  4. 4. • Communications sector grew at 5.9% in2010.• Internet usage is at 12m, up from 7m in2010.• Mobile phone users has risen from 9m (2006/07) to over 25m (2010/11).405,000,00010,000,00015,000,00020,000,00025,000,00030,000,00035,000,00040,000,00045,000,00050,000,0002006/07 2007/08 2008/09 2009/10 2010/11CapacityNo. Subscribers
  5. 5. Legal context (related to Open data)UgandaConstitution Article 41• “right of access to informationin the possession of the Stateor any other organ or agencyof the State,” and requiresParliament to “make lawsprescribing . . . the procedurefor obtaining access to thatinformation”• Ug. Access to informationAct, 2005Kenya Constitution Article 35• Has freedom of informationclause that compels govt toavail info & put in place theinstitutional arrangementsfor access to information.• Kenya has Freedom ofInformation Bill5
  6. 6. Open data organisational contextUganda has no centralgovt owned open data•Biggest initiative is theUganda OpenDevelopment Partnership.Other initiatives: Devtrac,UREPORT, TwawezaKenya has Kenya OpenData Portal, launched inJuly 2011Other initiatives: YET TOBE MAPPED6
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  8. 8. Open data study in Uganda & Kenya:How open data could contribute to poverty eradication in Kenya andUganda through its impact on resource allocationImplementation Study tool designed and piloted Interviews carried out with 10 organisations including: Govtministries, NGOs and academia, Similar process is yet to start in KenyaChallenges Understanding the concept of open data Limited initiatives to refer to8
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  10. 10. Governance issues10Resource allocation to poverty reduction sectors – to identify areas whereopen data is being used (or planned) in policy debates & CSOs advocacyprograms.Transparency and accountability apects– to trace evolution of institutionsworking on these issues and how open data has or will be used.Changing technological landscape - we will assess how availability of internet& mobile phones have and will influence changes in use of open data.
  11. 11. Open datasets involved•KODI/ www.opendata.go.ke uses variousdatasets – poverty, local & national publicexpenditure, health, education, etc.www.opendev.ug / www.data.ug - datasets onaid & budgets to health, education and agricsectors; and datasets on intra-sector issues.•U Report - not using any particular data sets,but can benefit from datasets on socio-econ&poldevet such as water & sanitation,healthcare, education services,•DevTrac - uses various datasets on nationalservices e.g. schools, health centers, waterpoints etc.Case Studies• KODI,• Uganda Open Developmentpartnership,• U-Report• Devtrac.11
  12. 12. Thank you• Beatrice Mugambe bmugambe@drt-ug.org• Charles Lwanga-NtaleCharles.Lwanga-Ntale@devinit.orgwww.devinit.org12www.drt.ug.org

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