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INVESTIGATING THE IMPACT OF KENYA’SOPEN DATA INITIATIVE ON MARGINALISEDCOMMUNITIES: CASE STUDY OF URBANSLUMS AND RURAL SET...
NATIONAL CONTEXT: POLITICAL• Kenya is celebrating 50 years of independence: So far threepolitical transitions: 1978, 2002 ...
NATIONAL CONTEXT: ECONOMIC• Noticeable economic decline after the early years of stablegrowth post-independence up to 1980...
NATIONAL CONTEXT: SOCIAL• In the last ten years there has been widening political spacefor the media and civil society.– H...
NATIONAL CONTEXT: RECENT DEVELOPMENTS• New constitution promulgated in 2010 & fully operationalafter March 4th, 2013 gener...
THIS STUDY• This study seeks to track impacts in lives of people inmarginalized sectors of the Kenyan society.– Drawing on...
THE KENYA OPEN DATA INITIATIVE• On July 8, 2011 President Mwai Kibaki launched the KenyaOpen Data initiative– Kenya was th...
THE DATA IN FOCUS• This project is focused specifically on datasets thatpotentially improve citizens’ knowledge of the gov...
ASSESSING OPEN DATA SUPPLY TOOL– Does the data exist: Yes– Is it available online (from government) in any digital form? Y...
THE GOVERNANCE ISSUES OF THE STUDY• How is Government’s open data helping marginalized groups andcommunities to have bette...
Thank You!Ahsante!Jesuit Hakimani CentreP.O. Box 21399 – 00505, NairobiKenyawww.jesuithakimani.netprogrammes@jesuithakiman...
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ODDC Context - Investigating the Impact of Kenya’s Open Data Initiative on Marginalized Communities: Case Study of Urban Slums and Rural Settlements

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Presentation in the first workshop of the Exploring the Emerging Impacts of Open Data in Developing Countries project. Looking at the context of open data, and the research case study planned for 2013 - 2014. See http://www.opendataresearch.org/project/2013/jhc

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ODDC Context - Investigating the Impact of Kenya’s Open Data Initiative on Marginalized Communities: Case Study of Urban Slums and Rural Settlements

  1. 1. INVESTIGATING THE IMPACT OF KENYA’SOPEN DATA INITIATIVE ON MARGINALISEDCOMMUNITIES: CASE STUDY OF URBANSLUMS AND RURAL SETTLEMENTSODDC NETWORK MEETING: APRIL 24 – 26, 2013, LONDONPresentation by:Zacharia Chiliswa, Programmes CoordinatorJESUIT HAKIMANI CENTRE, NAIROBI KENYAODDC Network Meeting, April, 2013London
  2. 2. NATIONAL CONTEXT: POLITICAL• Kenya is celebrating 50 years of independence: So far threepolitical transitions: 1978, 2002 and 2013– 1990’s clamor for multiparty democracy and constitutional reformwere meant to constrain political power as exercised by the executiveand other public institutions.• New constitution in 2010 after the 2007/08 political turmoil.– Kenya continues to grapple with challenges posed by weak politicalinstitutions, social inequalities and weak constrains on executivepower, impunity and ethnicity.– Elections every five years characterised by odds of uncertainty andturmoil.ODDC Network Meeting, April, 2013London2
  3. 3. NATIONAL CONTEXT: ECONOMIC• Noticeable economic decline after the early years of stablegrowth post-independence up to 1980. Poverty incidence nowstands at 45.9% (The World Bank, 2011).• Kenya ranks as one of the ten most unequal countries in theworld, and the five most unequal in Africa: the richest 10% ofKenya’s households control more than 42% of the country’stotal income.– However, there has been marked growth in some sectors of economyODDC Network Meeting, April, 2013London3
  4. 4. NATIONAL CONTEXT: SOCIAL• In the last ten years there has been widening political spacefor the media and civil society.– However, Freedom House 2013 indicates that Kenya is among SubSaharan countries that have experienced decline in civil and politicalfreedom.• There has also been growth in many sectors of theeconomy, particularly, the ICT sector– Kenya now has over 30 million mobile phone subscribers and 16.2million internet users (Communication Commission of Kenya)– The bulk of internet users access through their mobile handsets:mobile phones have their limitations when it comes to data access andreuse.ODDC Network Meeting, April, 2013London4
  5. 5. NATIONAL CONTEXT: RECENT DEVELOPMENTS• New constitution promulgated in 2010 & fully operationalafter March 4th, 2013 general elections.– New constitution devolves political, fiscal and administrative powersto the 47 counties - and with it the question of transparency andaccountability is inevitable.– Access to information and citizen participation in governanceprocesses in Kenya are constitutional requirements: through Article 1giving sovereign power to the people of Kenya, and article 34 givingthe freedom to information.• But,– what datasets have potential to improve citizen engagement withgovernment?– How do the public participate in governance processes?– What is the quality of their participation and with what impact?ODDC Network Meeting, April, 2013London5
  6. 6. THIS STUDY• This study seeks to track impacts in lives of people inmarginalized sectors of the Kenyan society.– Drawing on the Barcelona Declaration on The Critical Role of PublicService in Achieving the Millennium Development Goals thatrecommends that, in order to improve transparency andaccountability, governments should promote wider use ofinformation, communication and technology to simplify and reducethe cost of processes and foster broader access. It recognizes thatpublic decision-making processes should be transparent, accountableand participatory.ODDC Network Meeting, April, 2013London6
  7. 7. THE KENYA OPEN DATA INITIATIVE• On July 8, 2011 President Mwai Kibaki launched the KenyaOpen Data initiative– Kenya was the second African country after Morocco to makegovernment data freely available on a publicportal, www.opendata.go.ke. The portal is an attempt by thegovernment release data on budget, revenue collection andexpenditure, healthcare, justice and education.• The goal of the Initiative is to make core governmentdevelopment, demographic, statistical and expenditure dataavailable in a useful digital format forresearchers, policymakers, ICT developers and the generalpublic.ODDC Network Meeting, April, 2013London7
  8. 8. THE DATA IN FOCUS• This project is focused specifically on datasets thatpotentially improve citizens’ knowledge of the governanceprocesses and access to services.• Datasets that will be analyzed include:– Per capita county expenditures, Per capita local authority expenditures– Health facilities, Health spending per capita, by county– Kenya secondary schools, Constituency Development Fund (2003-2010)• We will investigate the usefulness of this information in itsraw data form and whether communities are benefitting fromthese datasets.ODDC Network Meeting, April, 2013London8
  9. 9. ASSESSING OPEN DATA SUPPLY TOOL– Does the data exist: Yes– Is it available online (from government) in any digital form? Yes– Is the dataset provided in machine readable formats? Yes– Is the machine readable data available in bulk? Yes– Is the dataset available free of charge? Yes– Is the data openly licensed? Yes, Creative Commons Attribution license– Is the dataset up to date? Difficult to judge. Some fields are up todate, but much of the data is based on past census, which could beconsidered dated– Is the publication of this dataset sustainable? Yes, except for the risk ofpolitical shifts which could change the emphasis on open data– Was it easy to find information on this dataset? Yes– Are linked data URLs provided for key elements in the dataset? NoODDC Network Meeting, April, 2013London9
  10. 10. THE GOVERNANCE ISSUES OF THE STUDY• How is Government’s open data helping marginalized groups andcommunities to have better access to services such as educationand healthcare?– Are people aware of the Open Data Initiative in marginalizedcommunities?– How are people using the data?– Has the Open Data Initiative improved government service delivery to themarginalized urban and rural communities? If so, how has this occurred?– What access models to open data have emerged?– What are people mostly looking for in the open portal?– What trends are emerging in the open data initiative?– How will this influence the policy directions on open data initiatives inother sectors?ODDC Network Meeting, April, 2013London10
  11. 11. Thank You!Ahsante!Jesuit Hakimani CentreP.O. Box 21399 – 00505, NairobiKenyawww.jesuithakimani.netprogrammes@jesuithakimani.org

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