Review of Dark Romantics<br />Fascinated with ________________.<br />Aware of human capacity for __________.<br />This led to stories that were dark, scary, and suspenseful.<br />
Washington Irving<br />Considered the father of American literature<br />First American author to achieve an international reputation<br />The father of suspenseful literature?<br />Stories explore the consequences of sacrifices—moral beliefs, privacy, family—in order to get what they want.<br />
The Dark Romantics<br /><ul><li>Inspired by Irving’s suggestion of the human capacity for wrongdoing, they took it a step further by exploring the dark vision of human existence.
Tied to romanticism by their emphasis on emotion, nature, and the individual.</li></li></ul><li>Gothic Literature—The Dark Romantics<br />The Gothic tradition began in Europe.<br />The freedom of imagination led Dark Romantics to similarly creepy tales, which led to what we consider the start of gothic literature.<br />Therefore, those involved with the movement may be referred to as “dark Romantics” OR “gothic” writers.<br />
Edgar Allan Poe<br />Explored human psychology from the inside<br />Used first-person narrators who were sometimes criminal or insane<br />Extreme situations<br />Murders<br />Live burials<br />Physical and mental torture<br />Retribution from beyond the grave<br />
Nathaniel Hawthorne<br />Agreed with romantic emphasis on nature and emotion<br />Did not see these as positive forces<br />Examined darker facets of human soul<br />
Common Characteristics<br />Did not believe in innate goodness<br />Explored human capacity for evil<br />Probed inner life of characters<br />Explored motivations<br />Agreed with emphasis on emotion, nature, and individual<br />Included elements of fantasy and supernatural<br />