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OCASI 2009 Professional Development Conference Integrating an Anti-Racism/Anti-Oppression Approach to Settlement Services ...
Agenda <ul><li>5:00 Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>About Across Boundaries </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Brief Exercise </li></ul>...
Definition <ul><li>Multiculturalism  –a Federal policy in Canada since 1971 which endorses equal status for all cultures a...
Definition <ul><li>Diversity - the range of human characteristics found in any workplace or community. It implies “cross-c...
Definitions <ul><li>Cultural Competency  – is  a set of skills and knowledge and awareness to be as effective and competen...
Definitions <ul><li>Anti-Oppression   –  is a commitment to social equality and social justice in which one seeks to ident...
Definitions <ul><li>Anti-racism  – is a process which acknowledges the existence of systemic racism including institutiona...
Definition <ul><li>Racialized Groups - is the term used by Ontario Human Rights Commission and other organizations which r...
Systemic Barriers <ul><li>Immigration policy </li></ul><ul><li>Disparities (health, poverty) </li></ul><ul><li>Systemic di...
Stats and Studies <ul><li>In 2006, 16.2 % of the total population in Canada belonged to the visible minority. </li></ul><u...
Stats and Studies <ul><li>Bill C-50 and Bill C-45 gave powers to immigration minister and officers to arbitrarily decide w...
Stats and Studies <ul><li>Immigrants are expected to make up 22% of the population by 2017 and 75% will likely live in maj...
Stats and Studies <ul><li>The experience of racism is a major risk factor for mental health and addiction. </li></ul><ul><...
Stats and Studies <ul><li>Adults living in poverty experience poorer health in almost all health areas including mental he...
UNDERSTADING RACISM IN THE MENTAL HEALTH SYSTEM ORGANIZATION  IDEAS OF SUPERIORITY SOCIAL NORMS STRUCTURES/SYSTEMS INDIVID...
WHAT IS AN ANTI-RACISM FRAMEWORK? ANTI-RACISM  TRAINING/EDUCATION ANTI-RACISM  ORGANIZATIONAL CHANGE ANTI-RACISM  SERVICE ...
 
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Pd Anti Racism Anti Oppression Approach To Settlement Services A4

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Pd Anti Racism Anti Oppression Approach To Settlement Services A4

  1. 1. OCASI 2009 Professional Development Conference Integrating an Anti-Racism/Anti-Oppression Approach to Settlement Services Wednesday, November 4,2009 5:00 -6:30 PM
  2. 2. Agenda <ul><li>5:00 Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>About Across Boundaries </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Brief Exercise </li></ul></ul><ul><li>5:15 What Are You Interested About this Workshop? </li></ul><ul><li>Why the Need for AR/AO Approach in Settlement Services? </li></ul><ul><li>5:30 Definitions </li></ul><ul><li>5:40 Systemic Barriers Experienced by Newcomer Immigrants, Refugees from Racialized Communities </li></ul><ul><li>Studies and Research, Stats Canada </li></ul><ul><li>6:00 An Analysis: Understanding Racism in the Mental Health System </li></ul><ul><li>6:15 Components of an Anti-racism Framework </li></ul><ul><li>6:30 The End </li></ul>
  3. 3. Definition <ul><li>Multiculturalism –a Federal policy in Canada since 1971 which endorses equal status for all cultures and encourages Canadians to recognize the contributions made by the diversity of Canadian residents. </li></ul><ul><li>However, the concept does not explain racism or its role in preventing equal participation in society by racialized groups </li></ul>
  4. 4. Definition <ul><li>Diversity - the range of human characteristics found in any workplace or community. It implies “cross-cultural communication”, “dealing with difference”, “creating harmonious workplace” </li></ul><ul><li>Diversity, as a concept does not provide a framework to examine power and racism or to identify the elements of racial equity, </li></ul>
  5. 5. Definitions <ul><li>Cultural Competency – is a set of skills and knowledge and awareness to be as effective and competent as possible when dealing with clients from many different cultural backgrounds. </li></ul><ul><li>A set of congruent behaviours, attitudes, and policies come together in a system, agency or among professionals and enable that system, agency or those professions to work effectively in cross-cultural situations. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Definitions <ul><li>Anti-Oppression – is a commitment to social equality and social justice in which one seeks to identify and eliminate both individual and systemic barriers. The concept of power and privilege is central to anti-oppression noting that inherent in relations there are power imbalances based on age, class, gender, ethnicity, geographic location, health, physical ability, race, sexual preference and income. (CAS of Brant, 2008). </li></ul>
  7. 7. Definitions <ul><li>Anti-racism – is a process which acknowledges the existence of systemic racism including institutional and societal and through policies and practices, seeks actively to identify, challenge and eliminate racism in all its various forms wherever they exist. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Definition <ul><li>Racialized Groups - is the term used by Ontario Human Rights Commission and other organizations which recognizes the dynamic and complex process by which racial categories are socially produced by dominant groups in ways that entrench social inequalities and marginalization. Stats Canada uses the term “visible minorities” which is more static and relates primarily to number and colour. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Systemic Barriers <ul><li>Immigration policy </li></ul><ul><li>Disparities (health, poverty) </li></ul><ul><li>Systemic discrimination </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of information </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of protection of TFW from exploitative/abusive conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Underemployment/Unemployment </li></ul>
  10. 10. Stats and Studies <ul><li>In 2006, 16.2 % of the total population in Canada belonged to the visible minority. </li></ul><ul><li>Between 2001 and 2006, the visible minority increased five times faster than the 5.4% increase for the population as a whole. </li></ul><ul><li>The top largest visible minority groups are South Asians, Chinese, Blacks. They account for two-thirds of the visible minority population in Canada. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Stats and Studies <ul><li>Bill C-50 and Bill C-45 gave powers to immigration minister and officers to arbitrarily decide who can come in to Canada and who cannot. Deportations have increased with moratoriums on return lifted for many countries. </li></ul><ul><li>Migrants from racialized communities earn 40% less than their white counterparts. In Toronto, the number of immigrants who are poor has grown by 125% and almost 60% of poor families are from racialized groups. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Stats and Studies <ul><li>Immigrants are expected to make up 22% of the population by 2017 and 75% will likely live in major cities </li></ul><ul><li>61% of hate crimes in Canada are directed against racial minorities particularly Blacks </li></ul><ul><li>Seniors are the fastest growing age group rising by 87% since 1971 </li></ul>
  13. 13. Stats and Studies <ul><li>The experience of racism is a major risk factor for mental health and addiction. </li></ul><ul><li>New studies are showing how racially marginalized groups are confronted with the trauma of daily racism and social inequality </li></ul><ul><li>LGBT youth face discrimination and violence within their social environment, increasing their risk of school drop-out, violence, suicide, homelessness and mental health problems </li></ul>
  14. 14. Stats and Studies <ul><li>Adults living in poverty experience poorer health in almost all health areas including mental health, substance use. </li></ul><ul><li>The Canadian poverty rate has risen to 18% with child poverty rate reaching 21% </li></ul><ul><li>1/3 of Toronto’s homeless are immigrants </li></ul><ul><li>In Toronto, 60% of poor families are from Racialized communities </li></ul>
  15. 15. UNDERSTADING RACISM IN THE MENTAL HEALTH SYSTEM ORGANIZATION IDEAS OF SUPERIORITY SOCIAL NORMS STRUCTURES/SYSTEMS INDIVIDUAL BEHAVIOUR <ul><li>MENTAL HEALTH SYSTEM </li></ul><ul><li>MEDIA </li></ul><ul><li>EDUCATION </li></ul><ul><li>WORKPLACE POLICES AND PROCEDURES </li></ul><ul><li>ATTITUDES </li></ul><ul><li>FEELINGS </li></ul><ul><li>BELIEFS </li></ul>
  16. 16. WHAT IS AN ANTI-RACISM FRAMEWORK? ANTI-RACISM TRAINING/EDUCATION ANTI-RACISM ORGANIZATIONAL CHANGE ANTI-RACISM SERVICE DELIVERY

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