C6 parenting children and youth


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C6 parenting children and youth

  1. 1. Children’s Aid Society & New Comer Parent Child Protection Services, Education, and Prevention Workshop
  2. 2. What is a Children’s Aid Society in Ontario? <ul><li>A non-profit community agency </li></ul><ul><li>Legislated under the Child and Family Services Act (CFSA) </li></ul><ul><li>Legally mandated to protect children under 16 from abuse and neglect </li></ul><ul><li>Funded by the Government of Ontario (Ministry of Children and Youth Services) </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Child and Family Services Act (CFSA) <ul><li>Promotes best interests, protection, and </li></ul><ul><li>well-being of children </li></ul><ul><li>Promotes early action </li></ul><ul><li>Promotes access to information for Children’s Aid Societies </li></ul><ul><li>Emphasizes the duty to report </li></ul><ul><li>Promotes early permanency planning </li></ul>
  4. 4. What is Child Abuse? <ul><li>It is against the law when a child is hurt intentionally, or when a parent or caregiver fails to protect a child in their care. </li></ul><ul><li>If the CAS believes that a child has been physically abused, sexually abused, or neglected, they must tell the police. </li></ul><ul><li>When the police becomes involved, there will be a criminal investigation. Police will look to see if the parent committed any criminal acts defined in the Criminal Code of Canada. </li></ul><ul><li>The Criminal Code of Canada is a federal law that applies across the country. It prohibits child abuse and neglect. </li></ul><ul><li>If there is evidence that the parent has committed a crime under the Criminal Code of Canada, the parent will be charged and tried in court. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Types of Abuse and Neglect <ul><ul><li>Physical Abuse </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sexual Abuse </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Emotional Abuse </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Neglect </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. What is Physical Abuse? <ul><ul><li>Physical abuse is any deliberate physical force or action (usually by a parent or caregiver) that results, or could result, in injury to a child. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It can include spanking, punching, slapping, beating, shaking, burning, pinching, biting, throwing a child or using an object to discipline a child. Physical abuse is stronger than what is considered to be reasonable discipline. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. What Does The Law Say About Spanking? <ul><li>The Criminal Code of Canada, Section 43, defines Corporal Punishment as: </li></ul><ul><li>Every school teacher, parent or persons standing in the place of a parent is justified in using force by way of correction toward a pupil or child, as the case may be, who is under his/her care, if the force does not exceed what is reasonable under the circumstances. </li></ul><ul><li>2004 – Parameters placed on ‘reasonable’ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Children under 2 years of age should never be hit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Children over 12 years of age should never be hit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No hitting in the neck/head region </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No use of objects (belts, spoons, etc) </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Risks Associated with Hitting Children <ul><li>Bruises </li></ul><ul><li>Marks in the shape of objects or hand prints </li></ul><ul><li>Shaking </li></ul><ul><li>Burns </li></ul><ul><li>Human bite marks </li></ul><ul><li>Fractures (broken bones) of the skull, arms, legs, fingers, ribs </li></ul>
  9. 9. What Is Sexual Abuse? <ul><li>Sexual abuse occurs when a child is used for the sexual gratification of an adult or an older child. </li></ul><ul><li>Coercion (physical, psychological or emotional) is intrinsic to sexual abuse. This is what distinguishes it from consensual play with peers. </li></ul>
  10. 10. What is Sexual Abuse cont’d <ul><li>It is illegal to: </li></ul><ul><li>Touch a child in a sexual way </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage or force a child to touch another person in a sexual way </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage or force a child to participate in any sexual activity </li></ul><ul><li>Tell a child to touch him or herself for an adult’s or older child’s sexual purposes </li></ul>
  11. 11. Examples of Sexual Abuse <ul><li>Sexual intercourse </li></ul><ul><li>Exposing a child’s genitals </li></ul><ul><li>Indecent phone calls </li></ul><ul><li>Fondling for sexual purposes </li></ul><ul><li>Watching a child undress for sexual pleasure </li></ul><ul><li>Allowing a child to look at/perform in pornographic pictures/prostitution </li></ul>
  12. 12. What is Emotional Abuse? <ul><li>A pattern of behaviour that attacks a child’s emotional development and sense of self worth. </li></ul><ul><li>It includes excessive, aggressive or unreasonable demands that place expectations on a child beyond his or her capacity. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Examples of Emotional Abuse <ul><li>Constantly… </li></ul><ul><li>Criticizing </li></ul><ul><li>Teasing </li></ul><ul><li>Belittling </li></ul><ul><li>Insulting </li></ul><ul><li>Rejecting </li></ul><ul><li>Ignoring </li></ul><ul><li>Isolating </li></ul>
  14. 14. What is Neglect? <ul><li>Neglect is the failure to meet a child’s basic needs for food, clothing, shelter, sleep, medical attention, education, and protection from harm. This can occur when parents do not know about appropriate care for children, or when they are not able to plan ahead </li></ul><ul><li>A young child should never be left unattended </li></ul>
  15. 15. CANADIAN STATISTICS ON DOMESTIC VIOLENCE <ul><li>Effect on children: </li></ul><ul><li>Children are present and witness the abuse in 80% of domestic </li></ul><ul><li>violence cases. </li></ul><ul><li>Boys who witness domestic violence against their mothers are five times more likely to grow up to be abusers while girls who witness violence are five times more likely to grow up to be victims of abuse. </li></ul><ul><li>Children and adolescents who see their mother being abused experience emotional and behavioural problems similar to children who are physically abused. </li></ul><ul><li>Children who witness woman abuse frequently experience post traumatic stress disorder. </li></ul><ul><li>Approximately 40% of wife assault incidents begin during a woman’s first pregnancy. </li></ul><ul><li>Source: Nova Vita </li></ul>
  16. 16. Children of Domestic Violence
  17. 17. Break
  18. 18. Who Are Our Families <ul><li>Families who are experiencing stresses that decrease parenting capacity and child safety </li></ul><ul><li>Child abuse happens across all cultural, racial, religious and socioeconomic lines </li></ul>
  19. 19. Who Reports Cases of Child Abuse & Neglect? <ul><li>Schools </li></ul><ul><li>Police </li></ul><ul><li>Health Services </li></ul><ul><li>Community Services </li></ul><ul><li>Self/parents </li></ul>
  20. 20. Your Duty to Report Suspected Abuse/Neglect <ul><li>Every individual is obligated to report suspected abuse/neglect </li></ul><ul><li>Reports should be based on reasonable suspicion </li></ul><ul><li>Reasonable Grounds: based on honest judgment </li></ul><ul><li>Obligation is ongoing </li></ul><ul><li>Duty cannot be delegated </li></ul>
  21. 21. Role of Settlement Workers <ul><li>Role and responsibility as service provider & role of inter-agency relationship </li></ul><ul><li>Protocol of your agency </li></ul><ul><li>Making a Referral </li></ul><ul><li>Check your own personal values and biases. For example what is the basis for your concerns? Are you making assumptions and being judgemental? </li></ul><ul><li>Recognize that you are in a position of power and depending on your values, level of cultural sensitivity will greatly impact the support to the Family </li></ul><ul><li>Recognize your comfort level </li></ul><ul><li>Be aware of your skill level, responsibilities and boundaries </li></ul><ul><li>Advocacy for the family </li></ul><ul><li>Information sessions on the Children’s Aid </li></ul>
  22. 22. What Happens When the Children’s Aid Society Investigates? <ul><li>Interview child </li></ul><ul><li>Medical exam if needed </li></ul><ul><li>Contact police </li></ul><ul><li>Interview suspected abuser </li></ul><ul><li>Interview parents/non-offending parent </li></ul><ul><li>Interview siblings/other relevant people </li></ul><ul><li>Close the file with no further service </li></ul><ul><li>Offer voluntary service </li></ul><ul><li>Place children in Kinship care </li></ul><ul><li>Temporary Care Agreement </li></ul><ul><li>Protection Application </li></ul><ul><li>Service in home or in foster care </li></ul>
  23. 23. Bringing A Child Into Care <ul><li>Brought into foster care or Kinship care immediately </li></ul><ul><li>Brought into foster care or Kindship care after investigation </li></ul><ul><li>Children’s Aid Societies have 12 hours or seven days to investigate </li></ul><ul><li>30 days to complete investigation </li></ul><ul><li>Children’s Aid Societies have five days to appear before court </li></ul>
  24. 24. Kinship Caregiver &/or Foster Parents <ul><li>When there are serious concerns about the care a child is receiving at home, he or she may need to be placed in a Kinship placement or foster home. </li></ul><ul><li>Kinship caregivers and/or Foster parents provide a temporary home for children who are in the care of the Children’s Aid Society. They encourage a child’s growth and development through the stability of a caring home and family environment. Kinship Foster parents play an important role in the child’s daily life. </li></ul><ul><li>Kinship caregivers and/or Foster parents work with CAS staff as part of a team to develop a plan for each child in care. The ideal plan is to remove all safety concerns in a home in order to reunite the child with their family. Where this is not possible, the plan may include adoption or long-term foster care. </li></ul>
  25. 25. Parents’ Rights/Role <ul><li>Parents have the right to have a family member, advocate, or friend present </li></ul><ul><li>To ask questions </li></ul><ul><li>To ask for answers in writing </li></ul><ul><li>To get the social worker’s name, work phone number & address </li></ul><ul><li>To be informed what actions the child protection authorities may take </li></ul><ul><li>To tell their story </li></ul><ul><li>To get information about services available </li></ul><ul><li>To get legal advice and be represented in court </li></ul><ul><li>Parents and children can visit </li></ul><ul><li>Parents help plan child’s care </li></ul>
  26. 26. What is Reasonable Discipline? <ul><li>We believe physical punishment is an unsuitable means of discipline because children should be free from all forms of violence </li></ul><ul><li>The law presently allows parents to use “reasonable force” to discipline children. What is reasonable depends on the situation, but many forms of physical punishment that were acceptable in the past are no longer permitted, such as tying or locking children up. </li></ul><ul><li>Any form of physical discipline that requires medical attention, or results in bruising, welts or broken skin, is not considered reasonable discipline </li></ul>
  27. 27. What is Reasonable Discipline cont’d <ul><li>Using belts, electrical cords or other objects to discipline a child can cause serious harm </li></ul><ul><li>Handling babies roughly – whether in anger or playfulness – is extremely dangerous. Shaking can cause serious injury, including brain damage, blindness and even death. </li></ul><ul><li>Physical punishment can also lead to physical abuse when parents or caregivers lose control and strike their children in anger. </li></ul>
  28. 28. The Difference Between Discipline and Punishment <ul><li>DISCIPLINE </li></ul><ul><li>Purpose: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To promote self-discipline (control). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To empower the child to be better able to engage in appropriate acceptable behaviour. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Focus: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Future appropriate behaviour. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Attitude of Adult </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Love and concern, respect, nurturing and supportive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Resulting Behaviour in Child: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Secure, loved, healthy shame </li></ul></ul>
  29. 29. The Difference Between Discipline and Punishment <ul><li>PUNISHMENT </li></ul><ul><li>Purpose: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Revenge, to inflict penalty </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Focus: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Past behaviour </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Attitude of Adult: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hostility, anger, rage, emotionally flooded </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Resulting Behaviour in Child: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Resentment, avoidance, rebellion, toxic shame, conformity </li></ul></ul>
  30. 30. Resources <ul><li>http://www.oacas.org/childwelfare/report.htm </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.justice.gc.ca/eng/pi/fv-vf/index.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/ncfv-cnivf/publications/femexpose-eng.php </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/cm-vee/publicat/pdf/prof_e.pdf </li></ul><ul><li>http://helpguide.org/mental/child_abuse_physical_emotional_sexual_neglect.htm#top </li></ul><ul><li>www.bcifv.org </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul>
  31. 31. Summary <ul><li>It is the legal role of Children’s Aid Societies to protect children (0-16) from harm </li></ul><ul><li>Children’s Aid Societies work with children/families at home and in care </li></ul><ul><li>The types of abuse are physical, sexual and emotional harm </li></ul><ul><li>Neglect is a failure to provide basic necessities of life </li></ul><ul><li>You have a duty to report abuse and neglect </li></ul>
  32. 32. T h a n k Y o u !