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Paul-Olivier Dehaye @
Café de la République Numérique
@podehaye
2018-05-22
New dimension to privacy/data protection
Now a collective dimension!
● elections
● artificial intelligence
● antitrust (soon!)
Europe’s response: GDPR
Individual empowerment, user-centric data processing
Will come from two rights first:
● Right of access: more transparency on data processing
● Right to portability: more fluidity in moving data around
Neither right prevents the processing in itself
⇒ strong interest in truly enabling this
Right of access
The right for an individual
to access their personal data
Subject Access Requests in practice
RTS #mesdonnées
More and more urgent
● “algocracy”
● lack of effective democratic oversight
● lack of effective remedy
● all worse in a “minority of one”
● democracy
● education: digital literacy
● labor issues
● digital society more opaque to academics
Two rights
One has democratic concerns, the other has more commercial concerns
right of access
vs.
right to portability
Right to portability
The right for an individual
to get a copy of the personal
data they have provided in
machine-readable format
Why?
● prevents lock-in
● intelligent re-use of data
● spur competition
BUT lots of unknown: data formats, frequency, data of friends,...
⇒ user-centric data silos, “PIMS” (<banks, insurance, telco)
⇒ reputation economy
⇒ hackathons, education (data science), journalism
⇒ smart city, healthcare, etc
Challenge to governments
● state-held data
But very specific to governments:
● identification
● authentication
⇒ very complex
● How do I prove I am me?
● How do I prove I have rights over some data?
● How do we prove who we are?
● … without disclosing more than truly necessary?
Past failures
Singapore MyInfo
Summary
● citizens will expect this
● many interests align to want them to:
○ civil society (academics, education, journalism,...)
○ workers/trade unions in the case of gig work
○ governments to prevent economic centralisation
○ governments to prevent strategic weakness
● governments have very specific role in identification
● later steps taken over by other trusted entities (banks, telcos,...)
Merci!
paulolivier@personaldata.io

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RGPD et citoyens : et si le mariage prenait ?

  • 1. Paul-Olivier Dehaye @ Café de la République Numérique @podehaye 2018-05-22
  • 2. New dimension to privacy/data protection Now a collective dimension! ● elections ● artificial intelligence ● antitrust (soon!)
  • 3. Europe’s response: GDPR Individual empowerment, user-centric data processing Will come from two rights first: ● Right of access: more transparency on data processing ● Right to portability: more fluidity in moving data around Neither right prevents the processing in itself ⇒ strong interest in truly enabling this
  • 4. Right of access The right for an individual to access their personal data
  • 5. Subject Access Requests in practice RTS #mesdonnées
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  • 13. More and more urgent ● “algocracy” ● lack of effective democratic oversight ● lack of effective remedy ● all worse in a “minority of one” ● democracy ● education: digital literacy ● labor issues ● digital society more opaque to academics
  • 14. Two rights One has democratic concerns, the other has more commercial concerns right of access vs. right to portability
  • 15. Right to portability The right for an individual to get a copy of the personal data they have provided in machine-readable format
  • 16. Why? ● prevents lock-in ● intelligent re-use of data ● spur competition BUT lots of unknown: data formats, frequency, data of friends,... ⇒ user-centric data silos, “PIMS” (<banks, insurance, telco) ⇒ reputation economy ⇒ hackathons, education (data science), journalism ⇒ smart city, healthcare, etc
  • 17. Challenge to governments ● state-held data But very specific to governments: ● identification ● authentication ⇒ very complex ● How do I prove I am me? ● How do I prove I have rights over some data? ● How do we prove who we are? ● … without disclosing more than truly necessary?
  • 20. Summary ● citizens will expect this ● many interests align to want them to: ○ civil society (academics, education, journalism,...) ○ workers/trade unions in the case of gig work ○ governments to prevent economic centralisation ○ governments to prevent strategic weakness ● governments have very specific role in identification ● later steps taken over by other trusted entities (banks, telcos,...)