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Faut-il faire des études?

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  • DOWNLOAD THAT BOOKS INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT (2019 Update) ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... Download Full PDF EBOOK here { http://bit.ly/2m6jJ5M } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full EPUB Ebook here { http://bit.ly/2m6jJ5M } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full doc Ebook here { http://bit.ly/2m6jJ5M } ......................................................................................................................... Download PDF EBOOK here { http://bit.ly/2m6jJ5M } ......................................................................................................................... Download EPUB Ebook here { http://bit.ly/2m6jJ5M } ......................................................................................................................... Download doc Ebook here { http://bit.ly/2m6jJ5M } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................... eBook is an electronic version of a traditional print book that can be read by using a personal computer or by using an eBook reader. (An eBook reader can be a software application for use on a computer such as Microsoft's free Reader application, or a book-sized computer that is used solely as a reading device such as Nuvomedia's Rocket eBook.) Users can purchase an eBook on diskette or CD, but the most popular method of getting an eBook is to purchase a downloadable file of the eBook (or other reading material) from a Web site (such as Barnes and Noble) to be read from the user's computer or reading device. Generally, an eBook can be downloaded in five minutes or less ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks .............................................................................................................................. Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .....BEST SELLER FOR EBOOK RECOMMEND............................................................. ......................................................................................................................... Blowout: Corrupted Democracy, Rogue State Russia, and the Richest, Most Destructive Industry on Earth,-- The Ride of a Lifetime: Lessons Learned from 15 Years as CEO of the Walt Disney Company,-- Call Sign Chaos: Learning to Lead,-- StrengthsFinder 2.0,-- Stillness Is the Key,-- She Said: Breaking the Sexual Harassment Story That Helped Ignite a Movement,-- Atomic Habits: An Easy & Proven Way to Build Good Habits & Break Bad Ones,-- Everything Is Figureoutable,-- What It Takes: Lessons in the Pursuit of Excellence,-- Rich Dad Poor Dad: What the Rich Teach Their Kids About Money That the Poor and Middle Class Do Not!,-- The Total Money Makeover: Classic Edition: A Proven Plan for Financial Fitness,-- Shut Up and Listen!: Hard Business Truths that Will Help You Succeed, ......................................................................................................................... .........................................................................................................................
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Faut-il faire des études?

  1. 1. Faut-il faire des études?<br />Olivier Bouba-Olga, Université de Poitiers<br />
  2. 2. 1. Quelques chiffres<br />
  3. 3. Taux de chômage selon le diplôme<br />
  4. 4. Taux de chômage selon le diplôme<br />
  5. 5. Type d’emploi selon le diplôme<br />
  6. 6. Salaire et chômage<br />
  7. 7. Accès aux professions supérieures selon le diplôme obtenu<br />
  8. 8. 2. Un peu de théorie…<br />
  9. 9. La théorie du capital humain<br />
  10. 10. La théorie du capital humain<br />Gary Becker, 1964 "Human Capital: A Theoretical and Empirical Analysis“<br />Capital humain = savoirs, savoir-faire, expérience qui déterminentune aptitude à travailler<br />La formation (initiale et continue) permet de l’accumuler<br />La productivité (et donc la rémunération) augmente avec le capital humain, maisaussi avec sa nature (générique vs. spécifique)<br />Les possibilités de trouver un emploiaugmententégalement<br />
  11. 11. La théorie du signal<br />
  12. 12. La théorie du signal<br />Michael Spence, "Job Market Signaling," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, vol. 87(3), pages 355-74<br />pourquoi les gens vont suivre des études qui n'apportent manifestement aucune compétence utilisable dans un métier???<br />
  13. 13. La théorie du signal<br />On fait des études non pas pour accumuler des compétences, mais pour se doter d’un diplôme<br />Ce diplôme servira de signal aux futurs employeurs<br />Un Master de philosophie peut intéresser les entreprises, car il signale que l’étudiant diplômé aime se confronter à des études difficiles, qu’il aime réfléchir, qu’il est ouvert d’esprit, etc…<br />L’organisation du système éducatif permet aux employeurs de repérer les meilleurs, il fournit des signaux<br />
  14. 14. La sociologie économique<br />
  15. 15. Les réseaux sociaux<br />Granovetter, 1974, La force des liens faibles<br />Pour obtenir un emploi, on peut passer par le marché (candidatures spontanées), par les institutions (ANPE, APEC, agences d’intérim…) ou mobiliser ses relations sociales<br />On passe dans 30 à 50% des cas par des relations sociales pour obtenir un emploi (liens familiaux, amicaux, réseaux d’anciens, etc…)<br />
  16. 16. En résumé<br />On fait des études pour<br />Accumuler du capital humain<br />Accumuler du capital social<br />Se doter d’un signal<br />Question angoissante… quelles études???<br />
  17. 17. 3. Le choix du Master<br />
  18. 18. Ne pas trop s’affoler…<br />Un Master en économie est un bon signal sur le marché du travail, car les études d’économie sont réputées difficiles (cf. le modèle de Spence)<br />Les études faites sur les Masters de Poitiers montrent une bonne insertion sur le marché du travail (taux de chômage faible) et des emplois de qualité<br />
  19. 19. Les dérives du système…<br />Masters portés par des enseignants-chercheurs<br />Pas de sélection au niveau des UFR (peur de se fâcher?)<br />Pas de sélection au niveau de l’Université (peur de se fâcher?)<br />Pas de sélection au niveau du ministère : « ouvrez les masters de votre choix, mais fonctionnez à budget constant! »<br />
  20. 20. Implications<br />Explosion du nombre de masters<br />Des Masters qui tournent avec une quinzaine d’étudiants<br />Exemple Master Développement Economique Local :<br />Environ 200 dossiers reçus par an il y a 5 ans<br />Aujourd’hui, environ 60…<br />Intérêt pour vous : vous aurez une place en Master 2!!!<br />Inconvénient : oui, mais pas forcément dans un bon Master…<br />
  21. 21. Le Master Développement Economique Local<br />Capital Humain : <br />Enseignants-chercheurs rattachés à un laboratoire de recherche labellisé par le Ministère (CRIEF, EA 2249)<br />Interventions de professionnels (CAP, Région, IAAT, Consultants, Dexia, …)<br />Plusieurs ateliers (urbanisme, diagnostic territorial, communication, …)<br />Stage de 6 mois de février à juillet<br />Capital social :<br />Un master qui fonctionne depuis plus de 30 ans, soit plus de 800 anciens qui travaillent dans les territoires du grand ouest pour l’essentiel. <br />cf. Annuaire des anciens, contactez-les pour avoir de l’information!<br />
  22. 22. Quels métiers?<br />Développement économique (chargé de mission dans les collectivités, emplois dans les chambres consulaires, les agences de développement économique, les cabinets de consultant, …)<br />Mais aussi emploi-travail, environnement, tourisme, urbanisme, milieu rural, etc.<br />Sans oublier la voie recherche!<br />
  23. 23. Plus d’information<br />Allez sur le site du Crief, rubrique Master Développement Economique Local<br />http://crief.labo.univ-poitiers.fr/spip.php?rubrique31<br />Transmettez tout commentaire, remarque, suggestion, etc. obouba@univ-poitiers.fr<br />

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