Zimbabwe: a great place to mine?


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Objective Capital's Africa Resources Investment Congress 2011
Ironmongers' Hall, City of London
14-15 June 2011
Day 2: Focus on Zimbabwe
Speaker: Andrew Cranswick, African Consolidated Resources

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Zimbabwe: a great place to mine?

  1. 1. AFRICA RESOURCESINVESTMENT CONGRESS Zimbabwe: a great place to mine? Andrew Cranswick – African Consolidated ResourcesIRONMONGERS’ HALL, CITY OF LONDON ● TUESDAY-WEDNESDAY, 14-15 JUN 2011www.ObjectiveCapitalConferences.com
  2. 2. African Consolidated Resources plc Company Update Exploration & Mining in Zimbabwe June 2011 “Exploration, development and production in Zimbabwe”
  3. 3. DisclaimerThis presentation (‘Presentation’) has been presented to selected parties (‘Recipients’). The Presentation and the information containedhere is confidential to African Consolidated Resources Plc (‘ACR’ or ‘the Company’). It is not intended for and should not be distributed toany other person other than as permitted herein.By viewing this Presentation, the Recipient agrees that he/she will not transmit, reproduce or make available the Presentation (or anyinformation contained herein) to anyone other than to his/her professional advisers without the prior consent of ACR. Any such disclosure tothe advisers of the Recipient must be on a confidential basis, for the purpose only of assessing the information contained herein as adviser tothe Recipient.This Presentation has been prepared as a summary only and does not contain all information about the Company’s assets and liabilities,financial position and performance, profits and losses, prospects and rights and liabilities.The information contained in this Presentation or subsequently provided to the Recipient of this Presentation whether orally or in writing byor on behalf of ACR and its directors, officers, employees, advisers, agents or consultants (‘Information’) is provided to the Recipients on theterms and conditions set out in this notice.The purpose of this Presentation is to provide Recipients with Information relating to ACR. The Presentation has been prepared by ACR andeach Recipient must make his/her own independent assessment and investigation of ACR and its business and assets and should not rely onany statement or the adequacy and accuracy of any Information contained in this Presentation.ACR makes no representation or warranty (express or implied) as to the accuracy, reliability or completeness of the Information. ACR and itsdirectors, employees, agents or consultants shall have no liability (including liability to any person by reason of negligence or negligentmisstatement) for any statements, opinions, information or matters (express or implied) arising out of, contained in or derived from, or anyomissions from the Presentation, except liability under statute that cannot be excluded.The Presentation contains reference to certain intentions, expectations and plans of ACR. These intentions, expectations and plans may ormay not be achieved. They are based on certain assumptions which may or may not be met or on which views may differ. The performanceand operations of ACR may be influenced by a number of factors, many of which are outside the control of ACR. No representation orwarranty, express or implied, is made by ACR any of its directors, officers, employees, advisers, agents or consultants that any intentions,expectations or plans will be achieved either totally or partially or that any particular rate of return will be achieved. This Presentation doesnot constitute in any way an offer or invitation to subscribe for securities in ACR. 3
  4. 4. WHY ZIMBABWE ?• GEOLOGY• INFRASTRUCTURE• PEOPLE – SKILLS BASE, LITERACY etc• Judged by a Higher Standard• WORKING ENVIRONMENT• COUNTER-CYCLICAL OPPORTUNITY – Remember Zambia, South Africa, Russia, Columbia etc Straw hats in Winter 4
  5. 5. The Commercial Imperative• A Commodity - Hungry world with diminishing resources can no longer afford to ignore the Zimbabwe treasure trove• Zimbabwe - A rare concentration of different geological terranes offering an extraordinarily diverse & intense mixture of mineral deposits FIRST MOVER ADVANTAGE - SCIENCE + RISK-CONTROL 5
  6. 6. Zimbabwean Geology – Continental Setting Zimbabwe Craton The Right Address – untapped potential 6
  7. 7. The Zimbabwe Opportunity GEOLOGY OPERATORS• Gold • ACR (multi- mineral)• Rock phosphate • Impala• PGMs Platinum• Diamonds • Aquarius• Nickel Platinum• Copper • Anglo-Plats• Coal • ENRC (PGMs)• Ferrochrome • Mwana Africa• Tantalum • New Dawn• Lithium Mining (Gold)• Corundum • RIO Tinto (&• Tungsten RIO Zim)• Uranium • Caledonian• Emeralds (Gold) • Duration Gold (Whetstone) World-class minerals - few competitors 7
  8. 8. HOW GOOD CAN IT GET? Western Australia vs Zimbabwe - Gold Production Point of International De-Regulation 9Moz 8Moz 7Moz Zimbabwe 6MozOunce Au / pa 5Moz Yilgarn Potential ??? 4Moz 3Moz 2Moz Gold price 1Moz 1985 1995 2005 1975 Year 8
  9. 9. Discoveries Kalgoorlie - WA 1975 - 2002Greenstone Gold Discoveries - 25 years : N  Kanowna Belle (Western Australia) +10MOz – in Felsics ,  Red Lake Deeps (Ontario) +8MOz, Golden  Sunrise Dam (WA) +6MOz Mile  Granny Smith (WA) +2MOzIn 25 years the number of deposits >1Moz Au70km radius of Kalgoorlie increased from 2 to10 through modern exploration techniques.LACK OF EXPLORATION - ZimbabweLooming Large Discoveries 20k m Kalgoorlie Region 1975 vs 2002 (red > 1Moz)
  10. 10. Western Australia - Zimbabwe Comparison N Dalny Harare Giant / Blue Rock Pickstone & Peerless Gokwe Golden Cam & Motor Mile One Step Kwekwe Globe & Phoenix Great Dyke Wanderer N 20k m 30 km Pre-1975 Midlands Greenstone belt (blackKalgoorlie Pre-1975 (red > 1Moz) 10 squares >1Moz)
  11. 11. Zimbabwe – The Business EnvironmentPolitical stability - factors Pres Health; SADC involvement; Lack of CertaintyTitle/administration/regulation Strong Regulations – tired but effective administrationRegulatory inconsistencies No major issues except “Indigenisation” effectsTaxation & Royalties Favourable (eg Gold Royalty @ 4.5% + 15% Corp tax)Infrastructure Solid national infrastructure – needs modernisation & ongoing investment. Repairs have recommencedSocioeconomic/environmental Good, potentially too lenient. Needs self-imposed standardsGeological database Excellent – fully digitised by ACRMines & Minerals Act Excellent – But Empowerment law needs rationalisationLabour issues Acceptable labour Laws; high unemployment = friendly UnionsSecurity Good. Especially in terms of regional peer comparisons FROM where; TO where? --- Improving Trajectory 11
  12. 12. Room for Improvement•Compete for Investor $$•Understand driving forces•ZIMBABWE: Heal thyself•Modernise BUT don’t fiddle with a great Act The Investment Value Window is open but not forever 12
  13. 13. ZIMBABWE: needs to COMPETE for investment
  14. 14. What next? Timing?•Politics•Mining Sector vs OTHERS•When to Invest ?•How to Invest ?•Re-Building the JEWEL The Investment Value Window is open but not forever 14
  15. 15. WHY ACR ?• Zimbabwean founded & managed• Access to International Capital• Risk Identification & Risk Management• 21st Century Science – A Time Capsule• Broad, Multi-mineral footprint = Best Bet for COUNTER-CYCLICAL OPPORTUNITY and resulting equity value uplift• Ethical Investment Straw hats in Winter 15
  16. 16. ACR: History, Strategy & Positioning• AIM-listed (2006), exploration development & production company; focus: Zimbabwe & Southern Africa• Zimbabwean Co. - Active in Mineral Exploration since 2003, first mover advantage; strong local relationships• GOAL: Established a formidable balance sheet of world class assets at various stages of development – multi-mineral robustness• Significant successes consolidating gold licences to form critical mass projects. Resource Definition in full swing -- now at 1.4m troz Gold and growing. Further Upgrades Expected - mid-June & July 2011• Highly experienced board and management team based in Zimbabwe Well positioned -- Building Mines of the Future 16
  17. 17. Asset Development: – Vision & Foresight – Exploration to Mining: a 10 – 15 year cycle Strategy - find deposit – define Resource – establish mine – extract value Macro-Targeting Ground staked Geo-Chemistry $ Value $ Value Accretion Accretion Geo-Physics Targeted Exploration Drilling $ Value Accretion Value to Shareholders : RESOURCE DEFINITION Drilling J Mine development O R Joint Venture - specialists Pre-Feasibility & BFS C Production & DividendsMaximum Value-realisation dependent on perceived & actual security of investment Build Zimbabwe’s future: STARTS with EXPLORATION 17
  18. 18. Capabilities, Facilities & completions• Highly competent management & technical team – all in-country• In-house XRF assay lab – base metal, gold- indicator tests; diamond- indicator picking• Full Blown Fire-assay Gold Lab• In-country geophysics contractors (Aeromagnetic, radiometrics, EM, IP)• Employee Profile – 98% Zimbabwean• Sampling – 120,000+ soil samples done• Drilling – 145,000+ metres drilled to date High Volume throughput – Low cost – Good Science 18
  19. 19. Project Map
  20. 20. Portfolio Summary Commodity Name StatusGold Pickstone-Peerless JORC resources of 513,000troz ; Internal Feasibility Ph.1 production; 13 months EBITDA $18m. Discussion - Indigenous Capital @ advanced StageGold Gadzema 25,000 metres drilled since Aug 2010;. Current JORC 912,000 troz Au. TARGET: > 1 million troz by Aug 2011 & >2 million troz by Dec 2012Gold Chakari & others Highly Prospective Green-field District; RAB Drilling. Plus Brownfield siteNickel Horseshoe Oxide Good metallurgy, large scale, next step: EIA for JORC drilling – 2012Nickel Sulphide Perseverance 30km strike –sulphide-rich body – Drilling for Down-Hole EM CommencedRock Phosphate Chishanya Carbonatite: First Phase Drilling completed; Awaiting Met (flotation)PGM’s Great Dyke Exploration Drilling to define Resource Drilling Targets – Awaiting EIACopper Cedric Exploration Drilling Complete – Medium scale production feas in discussionDiamonds Multiple Targets Marange + multiple Kimberlites defined -- awaiting Government discussionZAMBIAN Projects REEs & IOCG REE – JV signed; Core & Rock chip analysis complete – 4% to 22% TREO. Target IOCG target – Ground Consolidation; Geophysics; Exploration holes 20
  21. 21. Gadzema Gold• 30km Greenstone Belt with 900 registered historical workings• 10km consolidated ground - ACR• Includes Giant Mine – 560,000 troz production @ 8+ g/t Au (mine- collapse & closure 1967).• Two mineralisation-styles / host rock. Banded Iron well known & exploited.... Virgin discovery -- parallel Felsic body, 6 – 8kms strike• 912,000 troz JORC over < 1.3kms. Total 8kms appear mineralised.• 13,000m Drilling completed; JORC Resource Upgrades June & July 2011 TARGET: 3+ million ounce pittable Resource 21
  22. 22. Giant Mine– JORC Resource 474,000 troz @ 1.6 g/t . Un-drilled Extensions Shlegani Prospect & JORC Target - proven mineralised trend continuation Gadzema Berks & Rainbow –Target areas - Possible 800 metres widthRadiometrics BRRC 88; 24m @ 1.7 g/t BRRC 87; 6m @ 3.1 g/t BRRC 108; 6m @ 25.7 g/t BRRC 82; 8m @ 4.2 g/t BRRC 79; 12m @ 3.2 g/t BRRC 94; 1m @ 46.0 g/t912,000 troz over1.3km; 8km+ strike - Blue Rock south targetdrilling to continue area . RC Drillhole
  23. 23. Pickstone Drilling
  24. 24. Pickstone Gold --- Near-term Cash flow• Brown Field Site – Pickstone (+400,000 troz past production) + Virgin parallel Body (peerless)• 2007 JORC 513,000+ troz @ surface. Potential to extend pittable & Consistent, high-grade ore to depth – possible 1.5m troz (SRK). Pit feasibility underway• High Grade tailings – 4.4g/t 28,000 troz. Metallurgy, design & feasibility complete. Plant partly constructed. Infrastructure near completion. Requires further $7.5 million & 6-month. Projected EBITDA $18m over 13 months project life.• INDIGENISED. Funding and management discussions in progress -- with Indigenous Capital -- Cash flow anticipated 2012 Proof of Concept --- Value Extraction for Shareholders 24
  25. 25. The ore in the core -- Pickstone Ore Body intercepted
  26. 26. P2O5 – Food-Production, No substitute + World Shortage• Chishanya carbonatite complex • Four carbonatite intrusive events • Surface expression of 10ha • Known resource grading 12-14% P2O5 • Rock & Core samples grade 8-26% P2O5 • Close to all major infrastructure • Target 50m+ tonne Pittable• Work included: • Detailed mapping - completed defined facies at surface • Trenching & drilling for body definition- completed • First phase drilling for fresh-rock metallurgy &depth intersection completed • Metallurgy / flotation test-work – underway• Potential for JV with established South African Fertiliser Industry Population Growth + Bio-Fuels - The World has < 50 years Remaining Reserves 26
  27. 27. Diamonds & ZimbabwePotential:• Marange• Other TargetsIn Position: – Upside on Amicable Resolution & further discoveries 27
  28. 28. ACR’s EXPOSURE - Political Stability• Predominant share price driver = POLITICS• Indigenisation? New legislation / Structures• Political Change? Watershed OR Evolution ?• Perceived Political Instability = Counter-Cyclical Opportunity Build Balance Sheet to maximise advantage @ turnaround 28
  29. 29. Expenditure: New + remaining Funds• Priority Funding -- Biggest bang for the buck = drilling for GOLD• Continue Drill-out of Gadzema trend. 2012 Target > 2million troz pittable & 3m+ 2013. Followed by Pre-feasibility; Realise value• Nickel Sulphide - advanced geophysics; targeted drilling for down- hole Electromagnetic survey; plan future JORC drill-out• Phosphates – Met work and planning of JORC drill-out• PGMs - Precise exploration drilling to identify high-grade zone• Develop Zambian IOCG Target - Consolidate ground; Geophysics, limited drilling Where is maximum value gained for money spent? 29
  30. 30. Investment Summary• First Mover - Excellent portfolio of assets – largest diverse foothold in Zimbabwe• Exposure to Gold Price. 2011 Target > 2 million pittable troz . Current gold JORC resource exceeding 1.4 million troz, upgrades expected July 2011.• Potential medium-term cash flow prospects on Pickstone gold tailings & oxide pits• Strong Zambian portfolio:- good REE results; IOCG prospect; offers a broadened base & diversified sovereign risk• Successful growth from discovery phase to resource definition phase• Seven years successful operation in difficult circumstances – well positioned for maximum value post Zim recovery.• POLITICAL & NEWS = MAIN SHARE PRICE DRIVER In Position: – Work on definition of large economic resources 30
  31. 31. Board & Management (Executives)• Roy Tucker, Executive Chairman, is a Chartered Accountant whose background is as a tax consultant. He has co-founded and been involved in the management of various financial businesses particularly in the banking and commodity sectors. He is director and co-founder of South Africa based Legend Lodges Group, which holds African tourism interests. Roy Tucker is based in the UK.• Andrew Cranswick is the Chief Executive Officer of African Consolidated Resources plc. A fourth-generation Zimbabwean, he has lived almost all of his life in the country. He has a geological background with extensive commercial experience in the mining and metals industry of Southern Africa. In the 1990s he established a successful group of IT companies in Zimbabwe, including the nations first Internet Service which he sold to an International concern before the dot com crash. More recently he was an important stakeholder in the West-Australian cattle ranching industry.• Michael Kellow, Technical Director, is an exploration geologist with over 27 years experience in diverse gold, base-metals and uranium exploration in Archaean and Proterozoic terranes both in Australia and Africa. He was team leader in discoveries of virgin mineral systems in Western Australia and the Northern Territory. He has worked in Australia with a range of junior and mid- cap exploration companies, and consulted in Australia and Africa with companies including Anglo American and Gold Fields. He was also a founder of e-geology firm Intierra.• Greg Sebborn, - Special Projects. A Chartered Accountant by training, Greg is a Zimbabwean who was a founding director and eventually CEO of Zimplats, a $1 billion+ ASX-listed company, now controlled by Impala Platinum. He later advised Renaissance Capital on their establishment of Pan-African investment satellites, with a focus on their Natural Resource investments. His relationships in the diplomatic corps and with multi-party officials and decision makers in
  32. 32. Board & Management (Non-Exec)• Stuart Bottomley, Non-Executive Director, entered the investment world as a stockbroker for nine years, before joining Dawnay Day where he worked for the Target Group of Unit Trusts, managing the Special Situations Fund and Target Energy. In 1984, he joined Fidelity International in London, working with the ERISA group. Since leaving Fidelity, he has consulted for numerous private and public companies, advised a number of Australian companies on admissions to AIM and assisted in IPOs and other fundraisings. He is currently a non-executive director of Polar Star Mining Corp, Starfield Resources Inc and Verona Pharma Plc and was recently the senior non-executive director of Centamin Egypt Ltd.• Lloyd Munyaradzi Manokore, Non-Executive Director, is a law graduate from the University of Zimbabwe and has 20 years of legal experience. Upon graduation he worked for Stumbles & Rowe in Harare before becoming company secretary for public company, Cairns Holdings. He moved to Innscor Africa in 1996 as group legal advisor and oversaw the reverse listing of the group onto the Zimbabwe Stock Exchange (ZSE) in 1998, growing the company into the top three companies of the ZSE by market cap. In 2000 he founded Ibis Africa, a corporate advisory business focusing on Pan African opportunities and is Chairman & Partner of the Corporate Counsel, a network of boutique law practices in South Africa and Zimbabwe.• Julian Emery, Non-Executive Director, is an experienced mining analyst and combines practical mining experience with London City experience. Upon graduating from the Camborne School of Mines, he joined the graduate programme at Union Corporation Limited at their South African gold mine. Here he gained experience of all aspects of the mining industry before leaving to work for Tsumeb as an engineer and later for New Jersey Zinc as an engineer on new mining methods. He joined the financial sector in 1970, working in research and fund management for Selection Trust Limited, and as a mining analyst for TC Coombes and Societe General. He progressed to become head of research at VSA Capital, senior research analyst at Fox Davies Capital and Head of Mining Research at WH Ireland. Before retiring from full time work he was Senior Research Analyst in the Metals and Mining team at Ambrian Partners.
  33. 33. Contacts. www.acrplc.comCompany NOMAD/Broker Financial PR AdvisersAfrican Consolidated Panmure Gordon & Co. St Brides Media & FinanceResources plc LtdCompany Secretary 155 Moorgate Chaucer HouseNettlestead Place London 38 Bow LaneNettlestead, Maidstone EC2M 6XB London EC4M 9AYKent ME18 5HA United Kingdomwww.acrplc.comContact - ACR Contact - Brokers Contact - PRRoy Tucker Andrew Godber Hugo de Salis+44 1622 816918 +44 20 7459 3600 +44 20 7236 1177or andrew.godber@panmure.com hugo@sbmf.co.uk+44 7920 189012 Susie GeliherAndrew Cranswick +44 20 7236 1177+44 7920 189010 susie@sbmf.co.uk 33