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Putting natureonthemaplancashire26april


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Putting natureonthemaplancashire26april

  1. 1. Adrian Phillips
  2. 2. Global extent of protected areasProtected areas*1962 1,000 12.9% of terrestrial area protected (excluding Antarctica) *2010 >160,000 *Source: UNEP/IUCN World Database on Protected Areas - October 2010
  3. 3. Why do we have categories ofprotected areas? There are many thousands of protected areas world wide Managed for many different purposes, by many different bodies National names do not inform Greater clarity needed for international understanding, standards of management, data collection, national legislation etc. IUCN/WCPA categories guidance: 1978, 1994 and 2008 Data held at UNEP/WCMC
  4. 4. IUCN’s 6 management categories (introduced 1994)Ia: Strict nature reserve: mainly for science or wilderness protection IaIb: Wilderness area: mainly for wilderness protection IbII: National park: mainly for ecosystem protection and recreation IIIII: Natural monument: mainly for conservation of specific natural features IIIIV: Habitat / species management area: mainly for conservation of species and IVhabitatV: Protected landscape / seascape: mainly for landscape/seascape conservation Vor recreationVI: Managed resource protected area: mainly for the sustainable use of natural VIresources
  5. 5. The 2008 IUCN guidelines Basic principles upheld:  An internationally agreed definition of a protected area’  Protected areas categorised by management objective  6 management categories as before Added ideas:  Sharper PA definition, priority for nature conservation  4 Governance types (government, mixed, private, community)  More examples, more explanation
  6. 6. The current position in the UK Most data collected by JNCC from country agencies using 1994 guidance But:  Data based on out-of-date guidance  No critical review of data accuracy  Only two categories used  Many potential sites excluded So we have an incomplete and inaccurate picture of which areas meet international standards PS – comments by John Lawton
  7. 7. Why it mattersEstablishing what areas meet international standards for protection will help: Meet our CBD, EU etc. obligations Strengthen nature conservation nationally, in country and locally Raise the public profile of nature and landscape protection Provide better information for planning of all kinds Provide good data for public engagement in conservation Show where action is needed to improve management standards Attract tourists seeking nature and landscape Showcase UK expertise
  8. 8. Putting Nature on the Map A project to apply the new 2008 guidance in the UK Specifically requested by IUCN/WCPA Undertaken by the IUCN National Committee for UK With assistance from Middlemarch And support from agencies, NGOs etc. Phase 1: developing advice on how to interpret IUCN guidance in UK context Progress to date – consultations, stakeholder meetings, workshops Phase 1 is complete with publication of the Handbook
  9. 9. The PNOTMHandbook Download it from: http://www.iucn-
  10. 10. The PNOTM Handbook What it does: interprets “IUCN’s international guidelines on the definition of a protected area, and its management categories and governance types, in the UK context” How it does it: through examples and keys; and by ‘short cuts’ developed at workshops Where it innovates: Statements of Compliance; IUCN/WCPA UK Categories Assessment Panel
  11. 11. The assignment process recommended by Handbook First identify all potential protected areas Then ask these questions: no 1) Does this area meet IUCN PA definition? yes 2) To which management category should it be assigned? (1 of 6 categories) 3) To which governance type should it be assigned ? (1 of 4 types)
  12. 12. Protected areas data flow and verification As it is As it will be Official sites International Official sites International Other protected national data sites data national data sites data areas data Agency data Site data Agency data Site data NGO etc. data providers providers providers providers providers JNCC review by IUCN/WCPA Assessment Panel Convention JNCC Convention EEA Secretariats etc. Secretariats etc. EEA UNEP/WCMC :WDPA UNEP/WCMC : WDPA (Authority and Community data) NB: data is incomplete and unverified NB: all data is complete and verified
  13. 13. PNOTM: Phase 2 - or what next? Phase 2 is about data collection Data providers (agencies, NGOs etc) should review their protected areas using Handbook And provide Statements of Compliance, plus updated PA data, to IUCN/WCPA Assessment Panel in first place Aim: to have an up-to-date, accurate list at WCMC of all UK protected areas which meet IUCN standards in time for World Parks Congress 2014