Let's Take a Ride:

5 Largest US Public Transit Systems

New York City
The Metropolitan Transportation
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Let's Take a Ride: 5 Largest U.S. Public Transit Systems


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Five major US cities including Chicago, New York City, Boston, Washington, DC, and San Francisco have the largest, most extensive public transit systems in the country. To gain a better understanding of the history and scope of each city and its public transportation system, MPA@UNC, the online mpa degree, has created a visualization to show how millions of Americans travel daily via mass transit—Let’s Take a Ride: 5 Largest US Public Transit Systems.

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Let's Take a Ride: 5 Largest U.S. Public Transit Systems

  1. 1. Let's Take a Ride: 5 Largest US Public Transit Systems New York City The Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA) is North America’s largest transportation system and includes subways, buses, and railroads. History27 1904 The first subway line opened up 1940 The city became the sole operator of all NYC subway and elevated lines 1968 Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA) established Fun Facts Largest number of public transit subway stations of any system in the world28 MTA provides service for one third of the transit riders in America29 Ridership30 Number of daily riders = 11 million Average weekly bus ridership = 2,169,311 Average weekly subway ridership = 5,380,184 Revenue32 Fares cover less than half of the cost of running the subways, buses, and commuter railroads Operation costs = $11 billion Maintenance costs = $5 billion Positive Outcomes31 700,000: number of cars kept out of New York City’s central business district daily 400 million: number of pounds of soot, carbon monoxide, hydrocarbons, and other toxic substances not released into the city’s air because of public transit 2,580: number of obsolete subway cars “buried” in the ocean to create habitats for marine life and recreational fishing Key Metrics33 790 total miles of tracks Train (same distance between NYC and Chicago)34 468 stations 24 subway lines 15,000 bus stops Bus 235 local routes 64 express routes 5 select bus routes 67,000 Number of Employees33 Customer Complaints35 Current and Upcoming Improvements36 Schedules almost never match actual arrival times MTA is working to improve access into Grand Central Terminal and relieve pressure on overcrowded stations by developing new stops, extending service, improving passenger flow, and replacing a single-track loop with a two-track station. Lack notification on the platform Unreliable RFID card readers Chicago Chicago Transit Authority (CTA) is a regional transit system that serves 35 suburbs, six counties, and the city of Chicago, operating urban bus and train systems. Other components include:14 “L”—elevated urban train system Metra—the suburban rail system Pace—the suburban bus system History14 1947 CTA began operation Fun Facts14 2nd largest public transportation system in the US One of few public transit systems to offer rail service to two major airports Service population = 3.8 million Ridership14 Average weekday ridership = 1.64 million people Revenue14 Operating budget in 2011 = $1.338 billion Revenue from fares and passes = $523,660,000 400,000: number of vehicles replaced each week day by CTA Positive Outcomes15 600: number of cars replaced by a full eight-car CTA train 70: number of cars replaced by a full 60-foot articulated CTA bus 4,800: pounds of carbon emission saved per person per year by switching from driving to public transit Key Metrics14 224 miles of tracks L Train 145 stations 8 lines 11,493 bus stops Bus 129 routes Number of Employees14 Customer Complaints16 Rude bus and train operators17 9,377 Current and Upcoming Improvements19 CTA will be moving toward Ventra cards as the only form of payment by the end of 2013. Reckless driving18 Operators talking on cell phone while driving buses or trains Boston The Massachusetts Bay Transit Authority (MBTA) operates most bus, subway, commuter rail, and ferry routes in the Boston area. History20 1889 The first electric streetcar line began operation 1947 MBTA was established Fun Facts20 5th largest mass transit system, in terms of daily ridership Serves a population of 4.8 million Serves an area of 3,249 square miles in 176 cities and towns Ridership21 Average weekday ridership = 1.3 million passenger trips Revenue23 Total fare revenue = $564,560,142 Positive Outcomes22 $13,650: potential annual savings per person by taking public transportation in Boston 20%: percentage of MBTA’s electricity that is purchased from certified renewable energy sources 36,000: tons of greenhouse gases that are not released into the atmosphere as a result of MBTA’s renewable electrical energy purchases Key Metrics7 664 miles of tracks The T 133 stations 14 lines Bus20 2 routes are rapid transit lines 183 routes Other20 13 commuter rail lines 4 trackless trolley lines 5 light rail lines 5,984 Number of Employees23 Customer Complaints25 Current and Upcoming Improvements26 Schedule delays The MBTA is planning the construction of new bus facilities. Projects are underway to address noise mitigation and accessibility and to extend the Green Line. Other projects range from bridge reconstruction to line improvement and platform rehabilitation. Employee rudeness Lack of funds to improve and expand Washington, DC Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority (WMATA) operates both Metrorail and Metrobus.1 History1 1969 Construction of the Metrorail system began 1976 First phase of Metrorail began operation 2001 Final leg of the original 103-mile rail network completed Fun Facts1 1/3 of riders work for the federal government 2nd largest heavy rail transit system in the US Longest escalator in the Western Hemisphere at Wheaton Station is 230 feet Ridership Average weekday ridership = 750,000 people2 Revenue4 Total 2013 revenue = $1.6 billion $705 million: annual time savings for all households (riders and non-riders) as a result of public transit Positive Outcomes3 $342 million: annual household savings in auto expenditures for Metro users 40.5 million: gallons of fuel metro riders save annually Key Metrics1 106.3 miles of tracks Metrorail 86 metro stations 5 train lines 11,490 bus stops Metrobus 325 routes 169 lines 10,000+ Number of Employees5 Customer Complaints6 Current and Upcoming Improvements Unreliable service Metro Forward is a six-year improvement program to renovate infrastructure and upgrade technology with a budget of $5 billion. Weekend track work and wait times Faulty escalators San Francisco Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART) operates train services in San Francisco and outlying areas in the East Bay. History7 1964 Construction on BART began 1972 BART opened Fun Facts8 5th busiest heavy rail rapid transit system in the US Total cost of original BART system = $1.6 billion Ridership8 Average weekday ridership = 366,565 people Revenue9 Annual revenue = $379 million Unused ticket values are a source of revenue, estimated as much as $9.9 million Positive Outcomes8 400,000: metric tons of CO2 BART riders save annually 202,000: gallons of gas saved by BART riders every day 44: pounds of pollutants saved by each BART rider every day Key Metrics7 104 miles of tracks Train 44 stations total 5 lines Number of Employees10 3,352 Customer Complaints11 Lack of restroom and elevator cleanliness Poor condition of seats on train Current and Upcoming Improvements12 Construction began in 2010 for the Oakland Airport Connector, a 3.2-mile cable-drawn track, set to be complete by 2014.13 Sources 1 www.wmata.com/about_metro/docs/metrofacts.pdf 2 http://planitmetro.com/2013/07/19/visualization-of-metrorail-station-activity/ 3 http://www.wmata.com/about_metro/makingthecase.cfm 4 http://www.tbd.com/blogs/tbd-on-foot/2012/02/where-wmata-s-money-comes-and-what-transit-needs-subsidies-14424.html 5 http://greatergreaterwashington.org/post/5764/what-do-metro-employees-really-make/ 6 http://www.wusa9.com/rss/article/257452/158/Top-10-List-of-Rider-Complaints-About-Metro-Service 7 http://www.bart.gov/about/history/index.aspx 8 http://bart.gov/news/articles/2012/news20120809a.aspx 9 http://www.sfgate.com/entertainment/carroll/article/Tiny-Tickets-Ha-Ha-Ha-Ha-3315661.php 10 http://www.bizjournals.com/sanfrancisco/blog/2013/07/are-bart-workers-taking-us-for-a-ride.html?page=all 11 http://www.bart.gov/docs/BARTCustSat2012.pdf 12 http://www.dcc.at/doppelmayr/references/en/tmp_1_883398447/Oakland_Airport_Connector,_Oakland,_USA_detail.aspx 13 http://www.dcc.at/doppelmayr/references/en/tmp_1_883398447/Oakland_Airport_Connector,_Oakland,_USA_detail.aspx 14 http://www.transitchicago.com 15 http://www.transitchicago.com/goinggreen/lowemissions.aspx 16 http://articles.chicagotribune.com/2009-05-20/news/0905200139_1_bus-drivers-complaints-transit-agency 17 http://articles.chicagotribune.com/2009-05-20/news/0905200139_1_bus-drivers-complaints-transit-agency 18 http://articles.chicagotribune.com/2009-05-20/news/0905200139_1_bus-drivers-complaints-transit-agency 19 http://www.bizjournals.com/chicago/news/2013/10/14/chicago-transit-authority-ventra.html 20 http://www.mbta.com/about_the_mbta/history/default.asp?id=970 21 http://www.boston.com/metrodesk/2013/08/01/mbta-reports-record-revenue-more-than/fsHYmpD33LRlgH6mNMoUPL/story.html 22 http://www.mbta.com/about_the_mbta/environment/default.asp?id=2604 23 http://www.mbta.com/fares_and_passes/subway/ 24 www.mbta.com/uploadedfiles/.../CommuterRailExecutiveSummary.pdf 25 http://www.bostonmagazine.com/2006/05/the-terrible-t/ 26 http://www.mbta.com/about_the_mbta/t_projects/ 27 http://www.nycsubway.org/wiki/Main_Page 28 http://mta.info/nyct/facts/ridership/index.htm#atGlance_s 29 http://www.tstc.org/101/mta.php 30 http://web.mta.info/mta/safety.htm 31 http://web.mta.info/nyct/facts/ffenvironment.htm 32 http://www.tstc.org/101/mta.php 33 http://www.mta.info/nyct/subway/howto_sub.htm 34 www.mta.info/mta/news/books/interim/0613_MNR_Ridership.pdf - 64k - 2013-06-13 35 http://www.theguardian.com/sustainable-business/addicted-cars-new-york-public-transport 36 http://www.mta.info/capconstr/about.htm Created by : oBizMedia