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Research as infrastructure, Digital Humanities Congress, Sheffield 2012


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Slides for presentation given at the first Digital Humanities Congress held in Sheffield from 6 – 8 September 2012 with the support of the Network of Expert Centres and Centernet.

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Research as infrastructure, Digital Humanities Congress, Sheffield 2012

  1. 1. Researchers as INfrastructure Erik Champion
  2. 2. Digital Humanities - Digital Humanism • Dave Parry: Digital Humanities should be the application of computing, or an inquiry as to how digital media has irrevocably changed the Humanities -> major practical consequences. • I have been entrusted with managing the development of a national research infrastructure for the Digital Humanities. • Even before logistic issues, we have major fundamental, political and theoretical challenges. David Parry. (n.d.). The Digital Humanities or a Digital Humanism. Debates in the Digital Humanities - Matthew K. Gold - Google Bøger. Retrieved from da&source=gbs_vpt_reviews#v=onepage&q&f=false
  3. 3. DANISH ROAD MAP SOCIAL SCIENCES AND HUMANITIES CESSDA - Council of European Social Science Data Archives Considerations going forward concerning Danish participation in and funding of CESSDA will be included in the planned efforts to reorganise and strengthen Danish register research. CLARIN - Common Language Resources and Technology Infrastructure Danish membership of CLARIN will be funded by the anticipated grant for the Digital Humanities Lab (DigHumLab) project. DARIAH – Digital Research Infrastructure for the Arts and Humanities Danish membership of DARIAH will be funded by the anticipated grant for the Digital Humanities Lab (DigHumLab) project. ESS - European Social Survey Upgrade Considerations going forward concerning Danish participation in and funding of ESS-Survey will be included in the planned efforts to reorganise and strengthen Danish register research. SHARE - Upgrade of the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe Denmark will be participating in SHARE with a view to execution of phase 1 of the project. The cost of participation will be covered by the University of Southern Denmark. Considerations going forward concerning Danish participation in and funding of SHARE will be included in the planned efforts to reorganise and strengthen Danish register research.
  4. 4. “research infrastructure” via ERIC Legal framework for a European Research Infrastructure Consortium - ERIC Practical Guidelines Research • …facilities, resources and related services that are used by the scientific community to conduct top-level research in their respective fields and covers major scientific equipment or sets of instruments; knowledge-based resources such as collections, archives or structures for scientific information; enabling ICT-based infrastructures such as Grid, computing, software and communication, or any other entity of a unique nature essential to achieve excellence in research. • Such infrastructures may be “single-sited” or “distributed” (an organised network of resources)..
  5. 5. DIGIHUMLAB in brief • DIGHUMLAB is a national consortium of four Danish universities: Aalborg University, Aarhus University, the University of Copenhagen and the University of Southern Denmark. Together with the State and University Library and the Royal Library, the lab will work to promote access to digital research resources, the development of research tools and education as well as strengthening ties to international networks. • The Ministry of Science, Innovation and Higher Education has contributed a grant of DKK 30 million to the development of the Danish Digital Humanities Laboratory (DIGHUMLAB). The establishment of DIGHUMLAB was named as a priority in the ministry's roadmap for research infrastructure in 2010, and is intended to promote research in the humanities and social sciences, education and knowledge exchange by providing access to digital resources and developing new research methods and practices. • Learn more about the new digital humanities and find the programme for the official opening at
  6. 6. DIGHUMLAB Research Themes Theme 1: Language-based materials and tools, CLARIN, see Theme 2: Mediatools (the Net Archive, Net Lab) AU, (subcontractor: State Library) and Developing tools for audio and visual media AU, Theme 3: Interaction and Design Studies, AAU and SDU enmark/map
  7. 7. DIGHUMLAB partners • Original mission: DIGHUMLAB will serve as the single virtual access point to all relevant digitised resources of relevance to the research areas of the humanities and social sciences in both Danish and European research infrastructures. • ..the Danish node in, respectively, CLARIN (Common Language Resources and Technology Infrastructure) & DARIAH (Digital Research Infrastructure for the Arts & Humanities) as well as TELEARC. • Researchers who were part of LARM may also be associated with DIGHUMLAB in the near future.
  8. 8. DARIAH-EU Map Zagreb/Croatia Copenhagen/ Denmark (VCC2) Ljubljana/Slovenia Vienna Goettingen Den Haag/ Netherlands (VCC3) Dublin Paris Athens Germany (VCC1/ VCC4/DCO) France (VCC3/DCO) Austria (VCC1) Ireland (VCC2) London UK Vilnius Lithuania Swit- zerland Bern Italy Norway Oslo Tirana/ Albania Belgrade Austrian Academy of Sciences (AAS) Institute for Corpus Linguistics and Text Technology Institute of Contemporary History (ICH) Ruđer Bošković Institute (RBI) Centre for Information and Computer Science Serbia Center for Digital Humanities (CDH) Ministry of Tourism Culture Youth and Sports Academy of Athens (AA) Research Centre for the Study of Modern Greek History Digital Curation Unit (DCU) Institute for the Management of Information Systems Digital Renaissance Foundation (FRD) Florence Swiss Academy of Humanities and Social Sciences (SAGW) National Center for Scientific Research (CNRS) TGE ADONIS University of Goettingen Goettingen State and University Library (SUB) Irish Research Council for the Humanities and Social Sciences (IRCHSS) King's College London Centre for e-Research (CeRcH) Data Archiving and Networked Services (DANS) University of Oslo Museum of Cultural History (KHM) Vilnius University (VU) Hosted at Aarhus University Member Observer Cooperating Partner Non-EU (Cooperating Partner)
  9. 9. 4 unis 2 libraries? and.. • Our government has asked that we include as many as possible, a noble goal, but in practice we have hit a major roadblock. • How does one create a national focus while allowing academics and other researchers to pursue their own specific goals? • What are the boundaries of the Digital Humanities pertinent to our researchers, beyond which we should not tread? • How can we focus on key research areas important to our country in particular, without becoming cut off from international networks?
  10. 10. Durability
  11. 11. My first questions were – What about the social sciences? – What is a research infrastructure? – What do we mean by a laboratory – is there only one? – What kind of databases do we have? – What about funding? – Who is the audience? – What should we deliver and when? – What are the goals for success after the 5 year period and how do we measure it?
  12. 12. Preparing for the tomorrows • How can one develop an infrastructure five years ahead, based on catering for technology that we are not yet using? • How can a distributed network allow for unified identity and individual planning? • Which resources are best managed centrally, and which are best distributed?
  13. 13. A Survey of Digital Humanities Centers in the United States Definition: where new media and technologies are used for humanities-based research, teaching, and intellectual engagement and experimentation. The goals of the center are to further humanities scholarship, create new forms of knowledge, and explore technology’s impact on humanities based disciplines. To accomplish these goals, a digital humanities center undertakes some or all of the following activities (abridged): • builds digital collections as scholarly or teaching resources; • creates tools for – authoring (i.e., creating multimedia products and applications with minimal technical knowledge or training) – building digital collections – analyzing humanities collections, data, or research processes – managing the research process; • uses digital collections and analytical tools to generate new intellectual products; • offers digital humanities training (in the form of workshops, courses, academic degree programs, postgraduate and faculty training, fellowships, and internships)…conducts research in humanities and humanities computing (digital scholarship); • offers lectures, programs, conferences, or seminars on digital humanities topics for general or academic audiences; • has its own academic appointments and staffing (i.e., staff does not rely solely on faculty located in another academic department); • creates a zone of experimentation and innovation for humanists; • serves as an information portal for a particular humanities discipline; • serves as a repository for humanities-based digital collections (e.g., Web sites, electronic text projects, QuickTime movie clips); • provides technology solutions to humanities departments (e.g., serves an information technology (IT) role for humanities departments). by Diane M. Zorich November 2008
  14. 14. Typical DH centres • Resource focused. Centers are organized around a primary resource, located in a virtual space, that serves a specific group of members. All programs and products flow from the resource, and individual and organizational members help sustain the resource by providing content, and, in some instances, volunteer labor. • Center focused. Centers are organized around a physical location, with many diverse projects, programs, and activities that are undertaken by faculty, researchers, and students, and that offer many different resources to diverse audiences. Most of the centers surveyed operate under this model.
  15. 15. Science Models for Consideration • A Shared Instrument Collaboratory provides remote access to large, expensive scientific instruments. • A Community Data Systems Collaboratory is a semipublic (i.e., open to the profession) information resource created, maintained, or enhanced by a geographically distributed community. In the humanities, the Pleiades Project may be the closest manifestation of this model, although it shares some aspects of the Open Community Contribution System model (below) as well. • An Open Community Contribution System aggregates the efforts of many geographically dispersed individuals toward a common research problem. A project that parallels this model in broad strokes is the Library of Congress (LC)/Flickr Commons collaboration, in which the collective knowledge of the public is used to enhance cataloging and metadata of LC images via social-networking mechanisms. • A Virtual Community of Practice is a community of individuals who share a research interest and communicate about it online. The community does not undertake joint projects, but it does share professional information, advice, techniques, and contacts. The humanities have many examples of collaborations of this sort, one of the most prominent being H-NET. • A Virtual Learning Community is a community brought together to increase the knowledge of its participants through formal learning programs (not through original research). These communities are often affiliated with degree-granting programs, but they may also be organized around professional development opportunities. For example, a national or regional training center that focused on digital technologies for humanities research would constitute a virtual learning community collaboratory. • A Distributed Research Center is a virtual version of a university research center. This type of collaboratory joins the expertise,resources, and efforts of many individuals interested in a topical area, and conducts joint projects in that area. • A Community Infrastructure Project focuses on developing infrastructure (i.e., tools, protocols, access methods) to further work in a particular domain. The Internet Archive models this type of collaboratory by bringing together efforts of individuals, information science professionals, technologists, and cultural heritage institutions to create an infrastructure for archiving Web and multimedia resources for research.
  16. 16. Not like typical DH in USA-Canada • (Swedish, but a Nordic inspiration) • • • • IATH Institute for Advanced Technology • The Scholars´ Lab • Masters in Digital Humanities • Center for History and New Media (CHNM) • CANADA DigitalHumanitiesInCanada Research Chairs etc
  17. 17. Not like typical DH in the UK • UCL Centre for Digital Humanities “at the intersection of digital technologies and humanities.” • Oxford • Digital Humanities Centre • • Open Uni (network) humanities/index.shtml • Cambridge • Sheffield • See also
  18. 18. Distributed DIGITAL HUMANITIES CENTRES? •Gottingen? •Southampton? •Oxford? •Interactive Institute? •HuNI Australia?
  19. 19. Not problems just projects 1. Financing 2. Attract researchers, explain what we can do for you 3. Articulating the problems to achieve solutions can be difficult 4. Tent, umbrella or force field- should be exclusivist or inclusivist? 5. Generalist or Specialist digital humanists? 6. Distributed or centralized 1. Micro financing esp reusable.. 2. Provide case studies and walkthroughs 3. Share and review across fields, thatcamps, mini workshops 4. Expose process, spread the knowledge, corrupt coders 5. Bottom up teaching, create clearings, hackspaces, train trainers at same time 6. Circulate ideas *like Vectors Fellowship *The University of Southern California's Institute for Multimedia Literacy and the electronic journal Vectors
  20. 20. DIGHUMLAB problems projects ISSUES 1. 1.5 staff, issues of data security maintenance 2. Quality Control? Where is theory, AR, GIS, 3D, InfoVis 3. Fair distribution across partners, research community, and synergy of resources, contract DH research manager or director required. 4. Keeping to the budget and when next budget is due. SUGGESTIONS 1. Centralize Data with libraries, collate user req. 2. Develop guidelines, KPI, ROIs for new themes 3. Create 4 specialist nodes, each with technical staff, with postdocs, guest international scholars, RM ensures research communication and collation. Eg Vectors fellowship model. 4. Change to competitive funding, use in 4.5 years, bring in new grants, discuss.
  21. 21. Another problem, project
  22. 22. Studio in Multimedia Authoring in Archaeology: Investigating the past through New Media technologiesHome » In this course we will be following Eric Champion's idea that New Media comprises the act of reshaping the user experience of exploring realms or worlds through the innovative use of digital media. In this course students will explore and put into practice New Media technologies that have been used to investigate, share, and represent people, places, events, and things of the past. Our review and exploration of these technologies will focus on a critical evaluation of their theoretical implications and their practice in archaeology, history, cultural heritage management, and museum studies, as well as popular culture representations of the past. The class will review the broad array of New Media technologies including documentation (video, photography, laser scanning, geo-locating), database construction, archiving, information networking, visual analysis (GIS), 3D visualization (3D reconstructions, virtual worlds and gaming), communication and publishing (social networking, WWW1, WWW2), and narrative creation (video, hypermedia, database narratives, recombinant histories). The goal of the class is to understand that many of these technologies are not beyond the capabilities of the general public, and that they need to be used with a critical awareness of their implications… investigating-past-through-new-media-technologies
  23. 23. Digital Humanities Congress 2012 Simon Tanner Axismaps
  24. 24. The users..the beneficiaries National Museum of Science Bergamo Ethnographic Collection by user, National Museum of Science , Bergamo Fostering inspiration and creativity Digital humanities an electronic hearth: a clearing and gathering place for digitalists and humanists..
  25. 25. Denmark has a burgeoning industry in serious games and 3D technology.. Tribal trouble (left) is a Viking resource management and civilization building game from Denmark Serious Games Interactive is Danish and creator of “Playing With History” Unity is a world famous interactive 2D and 3D creation tool with educational discounts
  26. 26. EXAMPLES and See ”What is Jibe?” youtube with Second Life OR (above)
  27. 27. Integrate library resources with 3D visualization NTNU Uni. Library MUBIL project@Trondheim Create dynamic linkages between the public and its collections and spread knowledge. Gather data on how people interact with 3D technology and virtual objects in a library environment.
  28. 28. Center for Digital Ethnography, Florida Natalie Underberg game mod designed to teach about Depression-era Ybor City, Florida history and culture titled the Turkey Maiden Educational Computer Game (Underberg, 2008). The area is known for its historic cigar industry and Latin immigrant population. The game itself is based on a Spanish folktale collected from Ybor City, Florida and was adapted into a video game mod using the popular Role Playing Game (RPG) Neverwinter Nights.
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  30. 30. unity memirror/iDome/
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  34. 34. Videoconference with Second Life characters via mixed reality Thanks to special glasses and magic trackers virtual characters can appear in real worlds or vice versa. This is not expensive or difficult to do. These characters can also use free text to speech engines and free seemingly intelligent AI to engage people in conversations or events. media/projects/mrconference.html econdlife/using-the-ar-second-life- client/
  35. 35. Work with or train via heritage partners V-MusT Virtual Museum Transnational Network:an EU FP7-funded network of excellence that aims to provide the heritage sector with the tools and support to develop virtual museums that are educational, enjoyable, long-lasting and easy to maintain.Offers internships, courses and seminars.
  36. 36. Sagas in voice & camera tracked games Skyrim game can host virtual recreations (of Nordic stories or any other), the player can control the avatar, and issue voice commands recognised by the game). Inhabitants can be easily reprogrammed to share stories. Trading, praying, conversing healing etc are possible, not just violence. (Bottom picture c/o Eric Fassbender)
  37. 37. Integrating communities / media • URBANMEDIASPACE AARHUS CLARIN + survey CAVI +Aalborg VR Digital ethnography (Odense)> courses Net Lab and info visualization LARM tools,+VR+NediMAH personography MEDIA SPACE 2016 31 July 2013 37
  38. 38. MY PAST WORK 2001-4 Palenque in Adobe Atmosphere
  39. 39. Integrating culture in the 2nd language curriculum thru a 3D VRE Sachiyo Sekiguchi Faculty of Environmental Information Keio University Paul Gruba, Abdul Rahman Al-Asmari School of Languages and Linguistics The University of Melbourne Networked computer technologies have a strong potential for enhancing second language (L2) learning in the modern classroom. Three-Dimensional Virtual Reality Environments (3D VREs), in particular, provide features to support student motivation, socialization and interaction. These include, for example, the ability for L2 learners to present as avatars, build virtual structures and interact with others in conversational modes. In this preliminary qualitative case study, we examine the perception of culture through online exchanges between both Japanese and English learners within the Virtual Babel project. Critical reflections and an agenda for further research conclude our paper. Keywords: culture and technology, teaching and learning strategies, learning communities y06/proceeding/html_abstracts/56.html
  40. 40. 2005 Maltese Rituals UT+Video
  41. 41. Mayan City and Xibalba 2006 Unreal Game Engine
  42. 42. Surround Projection
  43. 43. • University of Queensland, 2006. • This Interaction Design Honours Course project attempted to create a physical model that allowed people to select town functions via the movable phicons, insert them into street intersections in the model, and the display would then show and rotate the street intersection AND where the function is in the panoramic photo. The round table could also rotate, and the rotation controlled the displayed panorama. Presented at CAADRIA 2007. Lazy Susan hybrid Panorama table
  44. 44. EXAMPLES OF CREATIVE DH Biofeedback cinematic shaders, 2006, 2009, 2011.
  45. 45. Biofeedback emotiv neurosky 45
  46. 46. Calligraphy, painting, music and cultural games can be playfully instructive Shown at Vsmm2012 conference Chinese Taoism Touch Screen by Neil Wang and Erik Champion
  47. 47. Journey to the West
  48. 48. daoism 48 – Daoism (Taoism) is an ancient Chinese combination of religion, philosophy, and folk beliefs, including ritual healing. Its different strands of belief date far back in history. Daoism is deeply entwined with Chinese culture and history. – (J. Roberts, Chinese Mythology A to Z. New York: Chelsea House, 2009.)
  49. 49. Touch Screen Taoism
  50. 50. Hybrid user input VR System •Prototype system allowing input via camera tracked movement of participant to left, connected split screen virtual worlds can be edited and re-designed in real-time via smart tablet by participants at desk. •This system shows short-throw rear projection.
  51. 51. DIGHUMLAB launch • Rector Lauritz B. Holm-Nielsen • Danish Minister for Science, Innovation and Higher Education, Morten Østergaard • Dean of Arts, Aarhus University and Head of DHL Steering Group Mette Thunø • DIGHUMLAB 1: Professor Bente Maegaard: Language Tools and CLARIN • DIGHUMLAB 2: Professors Niels Ole Finnemann & Niels Brügger: NetLab • DIGHUMLAB 3: Professor Johannes Wagner: Interaction and Design Studies • Sally Chambers, Secretary General, DARIAH-EU Coordination Office • Steven Krauwer, Executive Director, CLARIN ERIC • Professor Patrik Svensson, HUMlab, Umeå University • Professor Lorna Hughes, University of Wales • Associate Professor Palmyre Pierroux, InterMedia, University of Oslo • Professor Lily Díaz-Kommonen, Media Lab, Aalto University • Erik Champion 51