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  1. 1. Specialty areas within clinical psychology include childmental health, adult mental health, learningdisabilities, emotional disturbances, substance abuse,geriatrics and health psychology.Clinical psychologists often work in hospitals, privatepractice or academic settings. Clinicians are trained ina range of techniques and theoretical approaches.Some specialize in treating certain psychologicaldisorders, while others work with clients sufferingfrom a wide variety of problems. Clinical psychologiststreat some of the most severe psychiatric disorderssuch as schizophrenia and depression.In addition to working with clients, clinicalpsychologists have to keep detailed records of clientassessment, diagnosis, therapeutic goals andtreatment notes. These records help clinicians andclients track progress and are often needed for billingand insurance purposes.Typically, clinical psychologists treat moresevere disorders, such as phobias, bipolardisorder, and schizophrenia.In short, though, clinical psychologists assess and treat mental, emotional and behavioraldisorders. These range from short term crises, such as adolescent rebellion, to more severe,chronic conditions such as schizophrenia. Some treat specific problems exclusively, such asphobias or clinical depression. Others focus on specific populations: youth, ethnic minoritygroups, and the elderly, for instance. Clinical psychology programs also tend to emphasizemore severe, biologically-based disorders.Much of the day of a clinicalpsychologist is taken up with a
  2. 2. variety of tasks. These includeclinical assessments of newpatients, administeringpsychotherapy treatments to patiADay in a Psychologists Life:A Day in a Psychologists LifeClinical psychologistshelp mentally and emotionally disturbed clients adjust to life;help medical and surgical patients deal with illnesses or injuries;help people deal with times of personal crisis, such as divorce or the death of a loved one;interview patients and give diagnostic tests;provide individual, family, or group psychotherapy;may collaborate with physicians and other specialists to develop and implement treatment and intervention programs patients can understand and comply with;may design and implement behavior modification programssometimes train graduate students in the delivery of mental health and behavioral medicine services in universities and medical
  3. 3. schoolsents who have previously been diagnosed, and Clinical psychologists can simply work for a hospital or mental health center, in which case they will probably mostly do counseling and testing, but may also lead some seminars, or consult with various community agencies once and awhile. The degree is fairly flexible, and would allow one to go into teaching, or consultation, or program development. Most psychologists do choose to see at least some clients.teaching patients with phobias (abnormal In practice, clinical psychologists may work with individuals, couples, families, or groups in a variety of settings, including private practices, hospitals, mental health organizations, schools, businesses, and non-profit agencies. Most clinical psychologists who engage in research and teaching do so within a college or university setting. Clinical psychologists may also choose to specialize in a particular field—common areas of specialization, some of which can earn board certification,[21] include:Child and adolescent
  4. 4. Family and relationship counselingForensicHealthNeuropsychological disordersOrganization and businessSchoolSpecific disorders (e.g. trauma, addiction, eating, sleep, sex, clinical depression, anxiety, or phobias)Sportfears) relaxation techniques. Khalil’s main priority in his practice is to provide a relaxed yet confidential environment for his patients. He sees this as a crucial part of the patient’s treatment. This doctor-patient relationship is based on humanistic psychology theories.