Sentence structure


Published on

Published in: Education
1 Comment
No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Sentence structure

  1. 1. Home · Learners · Teachers · Parents · Grammar · Vocabulary · Site Information A guide to learningEnglish .. all yourEnglishneeds.. icon iconicon Syntax - Englishsentence structure Introduction:Thispage containssome basic informationaboutsentencestructure (syntax) and sentence types.Italsoincludesexamplesof commonsentenceproblemsinwrittenEnglish.ESL studentswhounderstandthe informationonthispage andfollow the advice have abetterchance of writingwell. [Note toteachers/advancedstudents] Definition:Linguistshave problemsinagreeinghow todefine the wordsentence.Forthiswebpage, sentence willbe takentomean:'a sequence of wordswhose firstwordstartswitha capital letter and whose lastwordisfollowedbyanendpunctuationmark(period/full stoporquestionmarkor exclamationmark)'.Onthe basisof thisdefinition,some of the sentenceswrittenbyESLstudents (indeedbyall writers)willbe correct,andothersentenceswillbe problematic.Goodreaders (Englishteachers,forexample!) canquicklysee the differencebetweenacorrect and a problematic sentence. Subject/predicate:All sentencesare aboutsomethingorsomeone.The somethingorsomeone that the sentence isaboutiscalledthe subjectof the sentence.Inthe followingsentencesthe subjects are showninred.Note howthe subjectisoften,butnot always,the firstthinginthe sentence. Johnoftencomeslate to class. My friendandI bothhave a dog namedSpot. Many partsof the Asiancoastline were destroyedbyatsunami in2004. The oldhotel atthe endof the streetisgoingtobe knockeddowntomake way fora new supermarket. Sittingina tree at the bottomof the gardenwasa huge blackbirdwithlongblue tail feathers. The grade 7 Koreanboywhohas juststartedat FISspeaksexcellentEnglish. On SaturdaysI nevergetup before 9o'clock. Before givingatestthe teachershouldmake sure that the studentsare well-prepared.
  2. 2. Lyingon the sofa watchingoldfilmsismyfavourite hobby. The predicate containsinformationaboutthe someone orsomethingthatisthe subject.The example sentencesabove are shownagain,thistime withthe predicate markedingreen. Johnoftencomeslate to class. My friendandI bothhave a dog namedSpot. Many partsof the Asiancoastline were destroyedbyatsunami in2004. The oldhotel atthe endof the streetisgoingtobe knockeddowntomake way fora new supermarket. Sittingina tree at the bottomof the gardenwasa huge blackbirdwithlongblue tail feathers. The grade 7 Koreanboywhohas juststartedat FISspeaksexcellentEnglish. On SaturdaysI nevergetup before 9o'clock. Before givingatestthe teachershouldmake sure that the studentsare well-prepared. Lyingon the sofa watchingoldfilmsismyfavourite hobby. Do a quizon the subjectand predicate. Simple subject/predicate:Asyoucansee fromthe example sentencesabove boththe subjectand the predicate canconsistof manywords.The simple subjectisthe mainwordinthe subject,andthe simple predicateisthe mainwordinthe predicate.The simple subjectisalwaysanoun/pronounand the simple predicate isalwaysaverb. In the followingsentencesthe simplesubjectisshowninredand the simple predicateisshownin green. My ESL teacherspeaksa little Russian. The younggirl withthe longblackhair fell fromherbike yesterdayinheavyrain. At the back of the line inthe cafeteriayesterdaywasalarge browndog witha yellow collar aroundits neck!
  3. 3. My friendandI are goingon holidaytogetherthisyear. Your motheror your fathermustcome to the meeting. Sittingina tree at the bottomof the gardenwasa huge blackbirdwithlongblue tail feathers. From the lastthree examplessentencesabove youwill notice thatthe simplesubjectsandsimple predicatescanbe more than one word. Advice:Towrite strong,clearsentencesyoumustknow whoorwhat youare writingabout(subject) and whatyou wantto say aboutthemor it (predicate).Yourwritingwill be more interestingif the subjectisnot the firstthingineverysentence youwrite. Do a quizto identifysimple subjectsandpredicates. Sentence types:One waytocategorize sentencesisbythe clausestheycontain.(A clause isapart of a sentence containingasubjectanda predicate.) Here are the 4 sentence types: Simple:Containsasingle,independentclause. I don'tlike dogs. Ourschool basketball teamlosttheirlastgame of the season75-68. The oldhotel opposite the busstationinthe centerof the townisprobablygoingto be knocked downat the end of nextyear. Compound:Containstwoindependentclausesthatare joinedbya coordinatingconjunction.(The mostcommon coordinatingconjunctionsare:but,or,and,so. Remember:boas.) I don'tlike dogs,andmy sisterdoesn'tlike cats. Youcan write onpaper,or youcan use a computer. A tree fell ontothe school roof ina storm, but none of the studentswasinjured.
  4. 4. Complex:Containsanindependentclause plusone ormore dependentclauses.(A dependent clause startswitha subordinatingconjunction.Examples:that,because,while,although,where,if.) I don'tlike dogsthat barkat me whenIgo past. She didmyhomework,whileherfathercookeddinner. Youcan write onpaper,althougha computerisbetterif youwantto correct mistakeseasily. Note:A dependentclause standingalone withoutanindependentclause iscalledafragment sentence - see below. Compound-complex:Contains3or more clauses(of whichatleasttwoare independentandone is dependent). I don'tlike dogs,andmy sisterdoesn'tlike catsbecause theymake hersneeze. Youcan write onpaper,butusinga computerisbetterasyou can easilycorrectyourmistakes. A tree fell ontothe school roof ina storm, but none of the studentswasinjured,althoughmany of themwere inclassroomsatthe top of the building. Advice:Writingthatcontainsmostlyshort,simplesentencescanbe uninterestingorevenirritating to read.Writingthat consistsof mostlylong,complex sentencesisusuallydifficulttoread.Good writers,therefore,use avarietyof sentence types.Theyalsooccasionallystartcomplex (or compound-complex) sentenceswiththe dependentclause andnotthe independentclause.Inthe followingexamplesthe dependentclause isshowninred: Althoughitwasraining,we decidedtogofishing. If itdoesn'train soon,the riverwill dryout. Because the road was icyand the driverwasgoingtoo fast,he was unable tobrake in time whena fox ran intothe road in frontof him. Note:Sentencescanalsobe categorizedaccordingtotheirfunction.[More] Note:Independentclausesare alsocalledmainclauses.Dependentclausesare alsocalled subordinate clauses.
  5. 5. Do a quizto identifyclause types. Do a quizto identifysentencetypes. Problematic'sentences':Towrite acorrect sentence,youneedtohave agood understandingof whata sentence is.Studentswhodon'thave thisunderstanding,ordon'ttake care, ofteninclude problemsentencesintheirwriting.NativeEnglishspeakersare justas likelytowrite problem sentencesasESL students.There are three maintypesof problemsentence: Run-onsentences:These are twosentencesthatthe writerhasnotseparatedwithanend punctuationmark,or has notjoinedwithaconjunction.(Clickthe followingrun-onstosee where theyshouldbe separatedintotwosentences.) I wenttoParisin the vacationit isthe most beautiful place Ihave evervisited. It'snevertoo late tolearnto swimyouneverknow whenyoumayfall froma boat. If you're goingto the shopscan you buyme some eggsandflourI want to make a cake. I like ournewmathteacher,she alwaysexplainsthe workveryclearly. He was late to school again,hisbusgot caught inheavytraffic. Advice:Itis helpful toreadyourwrittenworkaloud.Whenyouspeak,youwill make natural pausesto markthe endof your sentencesorclauses.If there isnocorrespondingendpunctuation mark inyour writing,youcanbe almostcertainthatyou have writtenarun-onsentence. Sentence fragments:Fragmentsentencesare unfinishedsentences,i.e.theydon'tcontaina complete idea.A commonfragmentsentence instudentwritingisadependentclause standing alone withoutanindependentclause.Inthe eachof the followingexamplesthe fragmentisthe second'sentence',showninred: I don'tthinkI'm goingto geta goodgrade.Because I didn'tstudy. She gotangry and shouted atthe teacher.Whichwasn'ta verygood idea. He watchedTV foran hour and thenwenttobed.Afterfallingasleeponthe sofa. She gotup and ran out of the library.Slammingthe doorbehindher. I have to write areport onAlbertEinstein.The famousscientistwholeftEurope tolive inthe USA. Afterridingmybike withoutproblemsforoverayear,the chainbroke.40 kilometersfrommy house!
  6. 6. Advice:If your'sentence'isa dependentclause,oritdoesn'tcontain botha subjectanda predicate,thenitisnota propersentence.Youcanoftendetectfragmentsif youreadyourwriting backwardssentence bysentence,i.e.fromthe lastsentence tothe firstone.Youcan usuallycorrect a fragmentby connectingittothe sentence before orafterit. Good writers,whohave a full understandingof the sentence,occasionallychoose towrite a sentence fragment.Soyoumaysee sentence fragmentsinthe fictionorevensome of the non- fictionyouread.Asan ESL student,however,youshouldavoidfragments(exceptwhenwritingyour owncreative stories). Ramblingsentences:A ramblingsentence isasentence made upof manyclauses,oftenconnected by a coordinatingconjunctionsuchasand,or, so. Johnusuallygetsupbefore 7o'clock,but yesterdayhisalarmclockdidnot ring,so he wasstill asleepwhenhisbosscalledhimat10.30 to ask where he wasand tell himthathe wouldlose hisjob if he was late again. Althoughthe blue whalehasbeenprotectedforover30 yearsandits numbersare increasing, especiallyinthe NorthPacific,where whale huntinghasbeenbanned,itisstill atriskof extinctionas itshabitatis beingpollutedbywaste fromoil tankersanditsmainfood,the plankton,is beingkilled off by harmful raysfromthe sun,whichcan penetrate the earth'satmosphere because there isa huge hole inthe ozone layeroverAntarctica. Advice:A ramblingsentence isquite easytospot.Youhave almostcertainlywrittenone if your sentence containsmore than3 or 4 conjunctions.If youreadthe sentence aloudandrunoutof breathbefore reachingthe endof it,youhave writtena ramblingsentence.If yoursentence stretchesovermanylinesof writing,youhave certainlywrittena ramblingsentence andmost probablya run-onsentence too. Unlike run-onsorfragments,ramblingsentencesare notwrong,but theyare tiresome forthe readerand one of the signsof a poor writer.Youshouldavoidthem. Do a quizto identify problematicsentences. General advice:If youare notsure whetheryouhave writtenagood,correct sentence,askyour teacher!Andremember:The more youreadinEnglish,the betterawriteryou will become.Thisis because readinggoodwritingprovides youwithmodelsof Englishsentencestructure thatwill have a positive influence onyourownwrittenwork.
  7. 7. Note:Goodwritingconsistsnotonlyof a stringof varied,correctly-structuredsentences.The sentencesmustalsoleadfromone tothe nextso thatthe textiscohesive andthe writer'sideasare coherent.Forinformationonthese twoimportantconcepts,gotothe Language wordsfor non- language teacherspage andclickon Cohesion. There are linkstomore sentence identificationandsentence buildingexercisesonthe WritingIndex of thiswebsite. FrankfurtInternational School:Artandartists.(Clicktosee at full size.) Home Learners Advice onlearningEnglish Top FIShomepage © CopyrightPaul Shoebottom1996-2014 Advanced Composition for Non-Native Speakers of English  Home  About  Classes  News  Join  Contact Why is it important to know whether a sentence is simple, compound, or complex? I believe a writer must know how to define simple, compound, and complex sentences before using them consciously. To me, that's so obvious it hardly needs stating. Once a writer knows how to write a simple sentence, it is possible to apply strict mechanical "rules" for writing both compound and complex sentences. And with just these three sentence
  8. 8. types, it is possible to write good essays, with good sentence variety, perfectly acceptable for academic work. The explanations to the left are followed by "sentence identification" quizzes. Review the results between quizzes so you completely understand the use of coordinators and subordinators and punctuation in compound and complex sentences. For information about online composition classes at this site, go to The ESLBEE.COM Academy. Sentences: Simple, Compound, and Complex Experienced writers use a variety of sentences to make their writing interesting and lively. Too many simple sentences, for example, will sound choppy and immature while too many long sentences will be difficult to read and hard to understand. This page contains definitions of simple, compound, and complex sentences with many simple examples. The purpose of these examples is to help the ESL/EFL learner to identify sentence basics including identification of sentences in the short quizzes that follow. After that, it will be possible to analyze more complex sentence varieties. Simple Sentence A simple sentence, also called an independent clause, contains a subject and a verb, and it expresses a complete thought. In the following simple sentences, subjects are in yellow, and verbs are in green. 1. Some students like to study in the mornings.
  9. 9. 2. Juan and Arturo play football every afternoon. 3. Alicia goes to the library and studies every day. The three examples above are all simple sentences. Note that sentence 2 contains a compound subject, and sentence 3 contains a compound verb. Simple sentences, therefore, contain a subject and verb and express a complete thought, but they can also contain compound subjects or verbs. Compound Sentence A compound sentence contains two independent clauses joined by a coordinator. The coordinators are as follows: for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so. (Helpful hint: The first letter of each of the coordinators spells FANBOYS.) Except for very short sentences, coordinators are always preceded by a comma. In the following compound sentences, subjects are in yellow, verbs are in green, and the coordinators and the commas that precede them are in red. 1. I tried to speak Spanish, and my friend tried to speak English. 2. Alejandro played football, so Maria went shopping. 3. Alejandro played football, for Maria went shopping. The above three sentences are compound sentences. Each sentence contains two independent clauses, and they are joined by a coordinator with a comma preceding it. Note how the conscious use of coordinators can change the meaningof the sentences. Sentences 2 and 3, for example, are identical except for the coordinators. In sentence 2, which action occurred first? Obviously, "Alejandro played football" first, and as a consequence, "Maria went shopping." In sentence 3, "Maria went shopping" first. In sentence 3, "Alejandro played football" because, possibly, he didn't have anything else to do, for or because "Maria went shopping." How can the use of other coordinators change the relationship between the two clauses? What implications would the use of "yet" or "but" have on the meaning of the sentence? Complex Sentence A True Story Some students believe it is possible to identify simple, compound, and complex sentences by looking at the complexity of the ideas in a sentence. Is the idea in the sentence simple, or is it complex? Does one idea in a sentence make it simple? Do two ideas make it compound? However, sentence identification does not work that way. Please take the time to identify the subjects and verbs in a sentence. Then identify coordinators and subordinators when they exist. With these two steps, sentence identification not only becomes easy, but it also provides the foundation for understanding and writing all other kinds of more complicated sentences.
  10. 10. A complex sentence has an independent clause joined by one or more dependent clauses. A complex sentence always has a subordinator such as because, since, after, although, or when (and many others) or a relative pronoun such as that, who, or which. In the following complex sentences, subjects are in yellow, verbs are in green, and the subordinators and their commas (when required) are in red. 1. When he handed in his homework, he forgot to give the teacher the last page. 2. The teacher returned the homework after she noticed the error. 3. The students are studying because they have a test tomorrow. 4. After they finished studying, Juan and Maria went to the movies 5. Juan and Maria went to the movies after they finished studying. When a complex sentence begins with a subordinator such as sentences 1 and 4, a comma is required at the end of the dependent clause. When the independent clause begins the sentence with subordinators in the middle as in sentences 2, 3, and 5, no comma is required. If a comma is placed before the subordinators in sentences 2, 3, and 5, it is wrong. Note that sentences 4 and 5 are the same except sentence 4 begins with the dependent clause which is followed by a comma, and sentence 5 begins with the independent clause which contains no comma. The comma after the dependent clause in sentence 4 is required, and experienced listeners of English will often hear a slight pause there. In sentence 5, however, there will be no pause when the independent clause begins the sentence. Complex Sentences / Adjective Clauses Finally, sentences containing adjective clauses (or dependent clauses) are also complex because they contain an independent clause and a dependent clause. The subjects, verbs, and subordinators are marked the same as in the previous sentences, and in these sentences, the independent clauses are also underlined. 1. The woman who called my mom sells cosmetics. 2. The book that Jonathan read is on the shelf. 3. The house which Abraham Lincoln was born in is still standing. 4. The town where I grew up is in the United States. Adjective Clauses are studied in this site separately, but for now it is important to know that sentences containing adjective clauses are complex. Conclusion and Quizzes Are you sure you now know the differences between simple, compound, and complex sentences? Click QUICK QUIZ
  11. 11. (will open in new window) to find out. This first quiz is just six sentences. The key is to look for the subjects and verbs first. After taking the quiz, you will see your score, and you will also have an opportunity to LISTEN TO THE AUDIO (four minutes) explaining why the sentences are simple, compound, or complex. For extra practice, the Helen Keller Quiz (will open in new window) contains ten quiz questions, and The Americanization of Shadrach Cohen quiz (will open in new window) contains 29 questions. With the skill to identify and write good simple, compound, and complex sentences, you will have the flexibility to (1) convey your ideas precisely and (2) entertain with sentence variety at the same time! Good luck with these exercises! Finally, if you have not already done so, download the Transitions and Connectors Worksheet to help identify simple, compound, and complex sentences. Copyright ©, 2001-2014. All rights reserved. Types of Clauses:  Adjective Clause  Adverbial Clause  Comment Clause  Comparative Clause  Complement Clause  Conditional Clause  Coordinate Clause  Free (Nominal) Relative Clause  Independent Clause  Main Clause  Matrix Clause  Noun Clause  Relative Clause  Reporting Clause  That-Clause  Verbless Clause  What-Clause  Wh-Clause See also:  Clausal Coordination and Phrasal Coordination  Embedding  Kernel Sentence  Phrase  Subordination Etymology:
  12. 12. From the Latin, "the close of a sentence" Examples and Observations:  What Is a Clause? "Consider the following sentence: Tom married Amy when he was 19. The string Tom married Amy could be a complete sentence on its own; the additional string, when he was 19, could not be a complete sentence on its own. It is a clause. A clause is a sentence-like construction contained within a sentence. The construction when he was 19 is 'sentence-like' in the sense that we can analyse it in terms of the major sentence elements (subject, verb, etc. . . .). It has its own subject (he), it has a verb (was), and it has a subject complement (19). In addition to these major sentence elements, it has the subordinating conjunction when, which tells us that the clause is a subordinate clause." (Sidney Greenbaum and Gerald Nelson, An Introduction to English Grammar, 3rd ed. Pearson, 2009)  Types of Clauses and Types of Sentences - "We cannot walk alone." (Martin Luther King, Jr., "I Have a Dream") Note: "We cannot walk alone" is an independent clause--also known as a main clause. This construction is a simple sentence. - "All animals are equal, but some animals are more equal than others." (George Orwell, Animal Farm) Note: Orwell's sentence contains two independent clauses joined by the conjunction "and." This combination is called a compound sentence. - "A woman must have money and a room of her own if she is to write fiction." (Virginia Woolf, "A Room of Her Own") Note: Woolf's sentence begins with an independent clause--"A woman must have money and a room of her own"--and ends with an adverb clause. This combination is called a complex sentence. - "Life moves pretty fast. If you don't stop and look around once in a while, you could miss it." (Ferris Bueller's Day Off) Note: "Life moves pretty fast" and "you could miss it" are independent clauses. "If you don't stop and look around once in a while" is an adverb clause. Therefore, Ferris's first sentence is simple; his second sentence is complex.
  13. 13. - "I was more independent than any farmer in Concord, for I was not anchored to a house or farm, but could follow the bent of my genius, which is a very crooked one, every moment." (Henry David Thoreau) Note: Thoreau's sentence contains two independent clauses joined by the conjunction "for"; the second independent clause is interrupted by an adjective clause--"which is a very crooked one." This combination is called a compound-complex sentence.  Clauses and Phrases "Clause contrasts with sentence. Except in the case of a whole sentence, which is technically said to be also a clause, a clause is always smaller than the sentence that contains it. "Clause also contrasts with phrase. Clauses contain phrases. Clauses are bigger than the simple phrases they contain. The crucial characteristic of a clause, which is lacking from a phrase, is that a clause normally has its own verb and all or many of the other basic ingredients of a whole sentence. So Billy's brand new bicycle and on Sunday morning at ten o'clock are both phrases but not clauses, because neither contains a verb.. "Clauses can themselves be contained in complex phrases; such clauses are always, by definition, subordinate clauses." (James R. Hurford, Grammar: A Student's Guide. Cambridge University Press, 1994)  MESSAGES  LOG IN  EXPLORE  HELP US  EDIT  Home  » Categories  » Education and Communications  Article  Edit  Discuss Edit Article
  14. 14. How to Diagram Sentences Edited by Englishgrammarrevolution, Teresa, Krystle, Eric and 26 others Diagramming sentences might seem complicated at first, but you'll quickly get the hang of it. Once you understand the essentials, diagramming a sentence can be like completing a sudoku or a crossword puzzle. That's not a bad way to learn grammar! Steps 1. 1 Locate the verb of the sentence. Verbs are words that show action (walk, dance, sing, run for example) or present a state of being (am, are, is, was). Look for the action in the sentence and ask yourself what happened. You'll find the verb there.[1] o Once you've found your verb draw a straight horizontal line, with a vertical line through its center. On the right side of the vertical line place the verb. o For example: "Harry searched for his dog." The word "searched" is the verb as it is a word that shows action. o A second example: "Harry was looking for his dog." The words "was looking" represent the word, because they are a state of being, also known as a gerund. Ad 2. 2
  15. 15. Find the subject of your sentence. This will be the thing or person that is performing the action. The subject will go to the left of the vertical line (the verb is already on the right). A good question to ask when locating the subject is "who did the verb." o From the example above, "Harry was looking for his dog," Harry is the subject as he is the one looking for the dog. 3. 3 Find your direct object if you have one. This will be the person or thing receiving the action. Not all sentences have a direct object. If you have a direct object, draw a vertical line after the verb, and place the word here. o Using the same example "Harry was looking for his dog," the word "dog" is the direct object. o Now, if you had a sentence like "Harry was upset," there is no direct object. o If you have a linking verb with a complement, draw a slanted line after the verb, and write the complement here. A linking verb connects the subject of the sentence to the complement.[2] The complement is the part of the sentence that comes after the verb to complete the sentence.[3] For example: "Harry looked sad when his dog went missing." In this sentence "looked sad" is a linking verb and "when his dog went missing" is the complement. 4. 4 Find the articles (a, as, the) or possessions (my, your, his, hers). You'll draw a slanted line down from whatever is being modified by the articles or possessions. Your sentence might have both, or either, or neither of these kinds of words.
  16. 16. o For example: "Harry's dog left the house." In this sentence "Harry's" will be on the slanted line beneath our subject "dog," because it is a possessive. The sentence also has an article "the" which will be on the slanted line beneath "house." 5. 5 Locate the adjectives. These are words that describe a noun or a pronoun. Place adjectives on a slanted line beneath the words they modify. o Example: "Harry looked for his red dog." The word "red" is the adjective, because it describes the dog. Therefore, it would be placed on a vertical line beneath "dog" which is the object in this sentence.
  17. 17. 6. 6 Find the adverb. Adverbs modify verbs and adjectives, as well as other adverbs. They often end in -ly. Good questions to ask yourself when trying to find an adverb are: How? When? Where? How much? Why? You'll put the adverb on a vertical line beneath the word it modifies. o Example: Harry ran quickly after his dog." The word "quickly" is modifying "ran" and therefore would be placed on a vertical line beneath "ran."
  18. 18. 7. 7 Look for any prepositional phrases. These are usually groupings of words beginning with a preposition and ending with a noun or pronoun. Prepositional phrases do not contain verbs, usually containing adjectives, nouns, and pronouns. You will connect the prepositional phrase on a horizontal line beneath the word they modify. o Example: "The computer on the chair is yours." The prepositional phrase is "on the chair." Once you remove that phrase you will see that "computer" is the subject and "is" is the verb. o Another example: "Harry didn't want to go outside without his sweater." The prepositional phrase is "without his sweater," which contains the preposition "without" and the noun "sweater."
  19. 19. 8. 8 Check if your sentence is compound. Compound sentences had words like "and" or "but." If any part of your sentence is compound, you will connect each compound part with a dotted line and the conjunction that connects them. For instance, if you have a compound subject, draw two lines for the subject and write each subject on a line. Connect them with a dotted line. o For example: "Harry and his friend searched for Harry's dog." The "and" makes this sentence compound and the dotted line will go between "Harry" and "friend." The word "his" will go on a slanted line beneath "friend"
  20. 20. 9. 9 For more complex sentences, connect the independent clause with the subordinate clause with a dotted line. Diagram both of them as you would normally. o Example: "Harry and his friend went to the supermarket where he found his dog." The first clause runs from "Harry" to "supermarket" while the second clause runs from "he" to "dog." Once you've split the two sentences you can diagram them normally. The word "where" will link to the two sentences together. Ad Know another method for How to Diagram Sentences? Add it here... Name your 1. Add Method Video Tips
  21. 21.  If you are new to sentence diagramming, choose easy sentences to start with. (The dogs barked. The black cat meowed.)  Note that these are only the basics of diagramming a sentence. Remember that grammar is not an exact science! Ad Warnings  Don't give up if you feel frustrated at first. It can take time for sentence diagramming to be easy. Related wikiHows How to Cheat in Workbooks How to Avoid Colloquial (Informal) Writing How to Use "Who" and "Whom" Correctly
  22. 22. How to Understand the Difference Between Passive and Active Sentences How to Improve Your Grammar Sources and Citations 1. ↑ 2. ↑ 3. ↑  - Original source, shared with permission. Article Info Featured Article Categories: Featured Articles | English | Homeschooling Recent edits by: Nicole Willson, Ron D, Brendan In other languages: Español: Cómo diagramar enunciados, Français: Comment schématiser une phrase, Português: Como Diagramar Orações, Русский: рисовать диаграммы предложений, Deutsch: Sätze grafisch darstellen  Discuss  Print
  23. 23.  Email  Edit  Send fan mail to authors Ad Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 161,346 times. Was this article accurate? YesNo Random Article Write An Article Related Articles How to Be Verbose How to Take the IELTS
  24. 24. How to Succeed in English Class How to Pronounce 'st' in English Share Pin It Featured Articles How to Control Excessive Sweating How to Be Happy Being Single on Valentine's Day
  25. 25. How to Draw a Circle Given Three Points How to Play Call of Duty Ghosts Multiplayer Meet a Community Member Meet Harri, a wikiHowian who has been in the community for over 4 years. She’s a Featured Author, Booster, and Admin who has started 23 articles, including 11 Featured Articles, and has patrolled over 119,888 recent changes. She enjoys copyediting articles, categorizing them, and patrolling recent changes. She loves to see all the great stuff other people are doing and to ensure that wikiHow's quality stays at a high standard. She loves how there are always new contributors, new articles to work on and new edits needing to be patrolled. She loves how wikiHow is full of people who are happy to assume good faith and coach new users, rather than reacting in negative ways. Her advice to new users is: If you see anything you think needs changing, go fix it, and roll with any constructive criticism while you're finding your feet! Join The Community Follow Us On...
  26. 26.  Home  About wikiHow  Terms of Use  RSS  Site map  Log In All text shared under a Creative Commons License. Powered by Mediawiki. x Become an Author Start an article