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Foundations of Inquiry


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Foundations of Inquiry

  1. 1. Foundations of Inquiry & Information Literacy<br />
  2. 2. The following YouTube video was produced in the Harold B. Lee Library, Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah.<br />“New Spice: Study Like a Scholar, Scholar”<br />(Begin video on next slide!)<br />
  3. 3. Study like a scholar, scholar<br />Click:<br />
  4. 4. What do you do next?<br />You’re required to select a research topic. You’re considering: <br />Immigration<br />
  5. 5. Start on the Library website’s home page:<br />
  6. 6. Consult SCHOLARLY Sources!<br />A public library contains mostly popular books.<br />An academic library contains mostly scholarly books. <br />What’s the difference?What makes a source scholarly?<br />
  7. 7. Criteria to Apply<br />
  8. 8. Search the Library Catalog<br />To find books on IMMIGRATION,carefullyselect search terms(keywords)<br />Besides “immigration,” how can you find other search terms or phrases to use?<br />keywords<br />
  9. 9. Keywords<br />immigration<br /><ul><li>Natural language words describing a topic
  10. 10. A good way to start your search
  11. 11. They add flexibility
  12. 12. You can combine terms in many ways</li></li></ul><li>More on Keywords<br /><ul><li>Database search engines can look for keywords anywhere in a record
  13. 13. In title, author, subject FIELDS, etc.
  14. 14. Often too many or too few results
  15. 15. Often many irrelevant results</li></li></ul><li>Subject Headings<br /><ul><li>Definition: Pre-defined "controlled vocabulary" words assigned to describe the content of each item in a database or catalog
  16. 16. Example: The Library of Congress Subject Headings used in the online catalog</li></li></ul><li>More on Subject Headings<br /><ul><li>Drawback:Less flexible. You must know exact controlled vocabulary term or phrase 
  17. 17. Process: Databases look for subjects only in subject heading or descriptor field, where the most relevant words appear
  18. 18. Advantage: Results usually highly relevant to topic</li></li></ul><li>To Find Controlled Vocabulary for IMMIGRATIONSearch the Online Catalog<br />
  19. 19. Enter Keywords in Query Box<br />
  20. 20. On search results page, select a title. Click on “Details” to view full information.<br />
  21. 21. In detailed record, view controlled vocabulary terms.<br />
  22. 22. Look at a number of records to create a list of possible search terms <br /><ul><li>Immigrants
  23. 23. Assimilation
  24. 24. Emigration and immigration
  25. 25. Illegal aliens
  26. 26. Minorities – United States
  27. 27. Racism
  28. 28. Ethnicity
  29. 29. Cultural pluralism</li></li></ul><li>Use controlled vocabulary/subject terms to search for books<br />
  30. 30. The LC Call Number indicates location of book on shelf. Also: a note identifies the holding library.<br />
  31. 31. To find reference resources, use “Advanced Search”<br />
  32. 32. An Advanced Search for Reference Resources<br />
  33. 33. Search results: Reference books with information on IMMIGRATION<br />
  34. 34. The Library also has many electronic reference books:<br /><ul><li> Britannica Online
  35. 35. Credo Reference
  36. 36. Gale Virtual Reference Library
  37. 37. Oxford Reference</li></ul>Find them by clicking “Databases A-Z” on Library home page<br />
  38. 38. Databases A-Z: An alphabetical listing of NYIT Library databases<br />Note hereTitle links to:<br /><ul><li> Britannica Online
  39. 39. Credo Reference
  40. 40. Gale Virtual Reference Library</li></li></ul><li>Want to find journal articles?<br />How do you do that?<br />First, understand how to combine search terms using logical connectors called Boolean operators:<br />and…or…not<br />
  41. 41. Boolean Search Logic: OR<br /><ul><li>Want info on cats and dogs? Use the Boolean OR operator to find sources discussing cats, dogs, and both cats and dogs.
  42. 42. Use OR to broaden a search.
  43. 43. Example: Adolescents 97 hits, Teenagers 75 hits, Adolescents OR Teenagers 172 hits.</li></li></ul><li>Boolean Search Logic: AND<br /><ul><li>If you want only information that discusses bothcats and dogs, use the AND operator.
  44. 44. AND is used to narrow a search.
  45. 45. Example: Television 999 hits, Violence 876 hits, Television AND Violence 123 hits.</li></li></ul><li>Boolean Search Logic: NOT<br /><ul><li>You want information about cats, but notinformation about dogs.
  46. 46. Example: High school 423 hits, Elementary 652 hits, High school NOT Elementary 275 hits.</li></li></ul><li>Let’s say you want scholarly journal articles about assimilation of people from Asia in the United States…<br /><ul><li>Select “ProQuest Central” from the “Databases A-Z” list
  47. 47. Use Advanced Search to enter your search query
  48. 48. Limit by full-text articles and by scholarly journals</li></li></ul><li>Use the Advanced Search screen & limit search to full text & scholarly<br />
  49. 49. 263 scholarly, full text journal articles are retrieved<br />
  50. 50. Now that you have done some preliminary research, state your topic in the form of a question…<br /><ul><li>Example: How does the process of assimilation for Asian Americans and Hispanic Americans compare?</li></li></ul><li>Citing Your Sources<br /><ul><li> Your research paper will incorporate ideas, concepts, quotes, etc., taken from your SOURCES.
  51. 51. In other words, you’ll use the thoughts of OTHERS in YOUR paper.
  52. 52. To avoid PLAGIARISM, you must CITE these sources. That is, you must credit themwith in-text footnotes and list themat the end of your paper on a References page.
  53. 53. Your in-text footnotes will likely take the form of parenthetical references.</li></li></ul><li>More on Citations<br /><ul><li> Each References page source listing must be properly formatted according to MLA style.
  54. 54. EXAMPLE (assume you quoted this source, a book, in your paper):</li></ul>King, Samuel P., and Randall W. Roth. Broken Trust: Greed, Mismanagement, and Political Manipulation at America‘s Largest Charitable Trust. Honolulu: U of Hawaii P, 2006. Print. <br /><ul><li> On your References page, list your sources (works cited) alphabetically, usually by author’s last name.</li></li></ul><li>Help with Citations<br />The NYIT Library provides and/or links to these BIBLIOGRAPHY GENERATOR tools. These are fill-in-the-blank solutions:<br /><ul><li>RefWorks(Very robust! Link provided on Library home page.)
  55. 55. KnightCite(“Citing Sources” link, Library home page)
  56. 56. Landmarks Citation Machine(“Citing Sources” link, Library home page)</li></ul>Find many more helpful citation tools by clicking the “Citing Sources” link on the Library home page.<br />
  57. 57. Apt Quote<br />The longest journey begins with a single step. – Lao Tzu<br />