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Matteson Bee Biology


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Matteson Bee Biology

  1. 1. Biology of Bees (and Butterflies) in New York City Kevin C. Matteson Department of Biological Sciences Fordham University
  2. 2. Butterfly diversity <ul><li>~20,000 species worldwide, most in tropics </li></ul><ul><li>~700 species in North America </li></ul><ul><li>121 species known to inhabit or migrate through New York City </li></ul><ul><li>24 species in community gardens </li></ul>
  3. 3. Bee diversity <ul><li>~20,000 species worldwide, most in arid regions </li></ul><ul><li>~4,000 species in North America </li></ul><ul><li>~227 species in New York City </li></ul><ul><li>54 species found in community gardens </li></ul>
  4. 6. Pollination Keep in mind: Not all bees or butterflies pollinate
  5. 8. Wasps aren’t bees!
  6. 9. Tourists Outcasts Hustlers Immigrants City Slickers Introduction to Urban Pollinators
  7. 10. Introduction to Urban Pollinators <ul><li>The City Slicker: </li></ul><ul><li>Cabbage white butterfly ( Pieris rapae ) </li></ul><ul><li>Keywords: </li></ul><ul><li>Multi-voltine </li></ul><ul><li>Nomadic </li></ul>
  8. 12. Introduction to Urban Pollinators <ul><li>The Tourist: </li></ul><ul><li>Monarch butterfly </li></ul><ul><li>Keywords </li></ul><ul><li>Migratory </li></ul><ul><li>Range, eastern seaboard </li></ul><ul><li>Timing of flights </li></ul>
  9. 14. Photo credit: Toryporter
  10. 15. Introduction to Urban Pollinators <ul><li>The Hustler: </li></ul><ul><li>Bombus impatiens </li></ul><ul><li>Keywords: </li></ul><ul><li>Polylectic vs. oligolectic </li></ul><ul><li>Eusocial vs. solitary </li></ul><ul><li>Central place foragers </li></ul>
  11. 16. Bumble bee abundance highest on exotic plants
  12. 17. The Bumble Bee Lifecycle
  13. 18. Bumble bee flight range - ~1000 m from nest
  14. 20. <ul><li>The Immigrant: </li></ul><ul><li>Hylaeus leptocephalus </li></ul><ul><li>Keywords </li></ul><ul><li>Cavity-nesting vs. soil-nesting species </li></ul><ul><li>Flight range </li></ul><ul><li>NYC has 10 of the 21 exotic bees known to North America </li></ul>Introduction to Urban Pollinators
  15. 22. Hylaeus flight range - ~150 m from nest
  16. 24. Introduction to Urban Pollinators <ul><li>The Outcast: </li></ul><ul><li>Flies! </li></ul><ul><li>Keywords: </li></ul><ul><li>Two wings not four, larger eyes, faster flight, no ‘waist’ </li></ul><ul><li>Eristalis and other syrphid flies are important pollinators </li></ul>
  17. 26. Photo credit: Wally Gobetz
  18. 27. Photo credit: Zach K
  19. 28. Needs of Urban Pollinators Room and Board! Nest Site Pollen/Nectar ? ?
  20. 32. Needs of Urban Pollinators Room and Board for larva and adult! <ul><li>Keep in mind recommendations may need to be species specific! </li></ul><ul><li>Not rocket science but does take some research and planning </li></ul>Nest Site Nectar/Pollen Larva ? ? Adult ? ?
  21. 33. Tremont Community Garden, Bronx 20 bee species, 12 butterfly species
  22. 34. Thank You!