Using Nonfiction In The Classroom


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Using Nonfiction In The Classroom

  1. 1. Role of Nonfiction in Developing Reading and Study Skills By exposing students to informational texts, students have the opportunity to develop the following reading and study skills:  Gather information  Organize and summarize information  Synthesize what they have learned  Locate facts  Analyze vocabulary  Determine fact from fiction  Determine fact from opinion  Compare/contrast information  Use information to determine accuracy of texts
  2. 2. Using Nonfiction in the Classroom Pre-reading During Reading After Reading Activate and build Locating information Answering questions background knowledge Recording information Summarizing Motivate learners Skimming the text Recording what was Setting a purpose for learned Reading purposefully reading to answer questions or Reporting what was Discuss the access discover information learned features (table of Discussing content Summarizing contents, index, Visualizing Applying/extending glossary, etc.) the contents Creating vocab lists Provide an overview Rereading of the text Answering questions
  3. 3. Challenges of Informational Text  Readers have insufficient prior knowledge about content area topics  Readers are unfamiliar with the organizational text structures of expository writing.  Authors of content area materials tend to us a dense style of writing and include many ideas in a short space.  The writing can lack logical connectives and transition words, which hinder understanding.
  4. 4. Effective Nonfiction Read-Alouds  Select nonfiction that you are interested in and ones that captivate your students’ interests. Utilize a variety of nonfiction materials in your read-  aloud sessions. Prepare for the read-aloud by reading the selection  prior to reading it to the students. Provide a meaningful, purposeful introduction to the  selection before reading aloud (e.g., discussing the author, style of writing, content, key vocabulary, organization of text, etc.) Depending on your purpose, decide whether to read  the entire text, read only parts of the book, or read the text out of order.