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The Language of Coaching - Football (Soccer)

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This presentation was delivered at the Football Innovation Summit in London on Tuesday, April 2nd. This presentation explores the role of attention and coaching language (athlete's thoughts) in influencing motor skill learning (i.e., learning movement). This presentation is for sports coaches, strength coaches, therapists, parents, teachers, and athletes.

Published in: Sports
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The Language of Coaching - Football (Soccer)

  1. 1. The language of coaching / Nick Winkelman, PhD
  2. 2. The coaching communication loop… -00:02:00 DESCRIBE -00:00:30 CUE -00:00:00 DO +00:00:30 DEBRIEF -00:00:60 DEMONSTRATE Extended description of the activity Physical demonstration of the activity Brief phrase used to bring focus to the activity Player focuses and performs activity Player & coach feedback is considered
  3. 3. ATTENTION LANGUAGECUEING
  4. 4. To understand the impact of coaching cues on skill learning, we must first understand the role of attention
  5. 5. WE CAN ONLY LEARN FROM THE EXPERIENCES WE PAY ATTENTION TO, THUS A COACH’S CHIEF RESPONSIBILITY IS TO FIRST… CAPTURE KEEP DIRECT
  6. 6. ATTENTION IS A LIMITED CAPACITY RESOURCE COACHES, LIKE BANKERS, GUIDE ATHLETES’ ATTENTIONAL INVESTMENTS WE CAN ONLY ‘PAY ATTENTION’ TO #1 THING AT A TIME
  7. 7. Say the most with the least, provide athletes with ONE CUE, one major focus point at a time
  8. 8. Now that we know how much to say, the next question we need to address is what to say.
  9. 9. Narrow | Internal The continuum of coaching cues…
  10. 10. Narrow | Internal Broad | Internal The continuum of coaching cues…
  11. 11. Narrow | Internal Broad | Internal Close | External The continuum of coaching cues…
  12. 12. Narrow | Internal Broad | Internal Close | External Far | External The continuum of coaching cues… ANALOGY
  13. 13. Narrow | Internal Broad | Internal Close | External Far | External The continuum of coaching cues… ANALOGY
  14. 14. Narrow | Internal Broad | Internal Close | External Far | External The continuum of coaching cues… ANALOGY No evidence to support its effectiveness Possible benefit compared to narrow Internal Conclusive evidence confirming effectiveness Conclusive evidence confirming effectiveness Conclusive evidence confirming effectiveness
  15. 15. Yeah…Yeah…Where’s the proof?
  16. 16. WHAT IS THE STANDARD COMMUNICATION PRACTICE? 67%INT 22%EXT 11% 85%INT 15%EXT
  17. 17. FOOTBALL…
  18. 18. EXTERNAL: Under ball-focused conditions (ball), participants were instructed to think about the expected ball trajectory for the upcoming target condition. INTERNAL: Under body-focused conditions (form), participants were instructed to think about the expected body actions for the upcoming target condition. FOOTBALL…
  19. 19. INT: ‘‘Jump as far as you can. I want you to think about extending your knees as rapidly as possible’’ EXT: ‘‘Jump as far as you can. I want you to think about pushing yourself off as hard as possible from the floor.’’ WHAT ABOUT TECHNIQUE?
  20. 20. Experiment 2 | Pressure Experiment 1 | Streak Gray, R. (2004 & 2006) Hitting Streak ↑ Errors Hitting Slump ↓ Errors No Pressure 39% Error Pressure 18% Error WHAT ABOUT COMPETITION?
  21. 21. IS THERE EVER A TIME TO FOCUS INTERNALLY WHILE MOVING? The slower and simpler the movement, the easier it is to get away with internal language The faster and more complex the movement, the more you should leverage external language Internal language is more detrimental to novices than it is to experts, however, there is no evidence of a benefit to experts No evidence showing that internal language produces superior shifts in coordination compared to external language
  22. 22. The last idea we put in our athlete’s head before they move should be an EXTERNAL CUE
  23. 23. The coaching communication loop… -00:02:00 DESCRIBE -00:00:30 CUE -00:00:00 DO +00:00:30 DEBRIEF -00:00:60 DEMONSTRATE Ext + Int language (WHAT) External Cues + Analogies (HOW) Question Comment Collaborate
  24. 24. THE LANGUAGE OF COACHING COMING SOON | HUMAN KINETICS

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