Russia was a very devout nation, believing in the power of God. God was said to have chosen the Romanov family to rule Russia. Tsar Nicholas II is the ruler for our time period, though the Romanovs ruled for over 100 years.
Russians were largely followers of Orthodox Catholicism; a stricter version of Catholicism. Religion was often used to convince the people that the harder they worked the better the afterlife would be for them.
Russia has a severe divide between the aristocracy (wealthy people) and the working class (poor people). This has continued for years because the leaders of the country have been related to the aristocracy. The leaders would not go against their friends and family to help the working class take money away from the aristocracy.
Karl Marx believed in society that would allow the upper and lower class to be equal. This would eliminate the extreme divide. He even speaks about this in the book to the other animals, much like Marx’s Communist Manifesto.
The idea of communism is that food and money would be distributed evenly to avoid a largely impoverished group of people.
Before the Russian Revolution, Russia sustained multiple military and political failures. These failures are part of what caused unrest in Russia.
Tsar Nicholas II wanted the country to join World War I, though the people did not think it was a good idea. The country’s workers suffered severe poverty and knew that they would not be able to afford participation in a war.
Bloody Sunday in Russian history is when the people come to the square and request reforms in the government. The Tsar was not there, though the military was and shots were fired into the crowd.
Much the same as the previous slide, though this time the Tsar was there and ordered the soldiers to shoot at the crowd.
The Russian Revolution happens in multiple parts. The initial revolution leads to the change in government.
The citizens and those wanting power threaten the Tsar and he steps down from his position.
After Nicholas abdicates, a provisional government takes charge. The people thought that land would be dispersed to allow citizens homes and crops. This is not what happened. Instead, the provisional government said that they would be joining the war (WWI).
A provisional government of multiple people attempt to take control and keep the country in order. The Tsar wants them in charge because he feels that it will allow him to easily come back to power, yet the Soviets do not want either the provisional or the Tsar.
Russia becomes the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. The flag of the USSR demonstrates the strength in agriculture and industry- though the hammer and sickle
Trotsky believes that the world must be largely communist in order for the communist system to be successful. Stalin has a narrower scope and is only concerned with Russia and cares nothing for what others do.
Countries around Europe become anxious that Communism will spread to their nations.
Stalin exiles Trotsky to Siberia- so that he can maintain control all on his own.
The people, particularly the working class, become very frustrated with the way things are working.
The aristocracy start to suspect that this could end badly and many of them leave with their belonging. At this point they are not “allowed” to leave, so many do so at risk of their lives
Stalin implements the KGB his secret police. These police do anything that Stalin orders.
Pravda is a newspaper that was put in place in an illegal way. Tsar Nicholas had long fought the publication and it became more widespread after Trotsky and Stalin took over. After Trotsky’s exile, Stalin uses it for propaganda. Ironically, “Pravda” means truth in Russian.
Stalin implements the five year plan that will increase industry as well as push collectivization of agriculture.
People from the West come to visit Russia and see what they thinks are good things about communism, so they go back and spread word that communism is working.
Stalin moves himself into the Kremlin where Tsar Nicolas used to live
Money is being spent on other things, including the war and Stalin is not giving the food promised to the people; many people are starving.
People are working long hours with little pay for VERY hard work.
The Kulaks kill their livestock so that they do not have to participate in the collectivization of agriculture. This worsens the famine.
Stalin obtains much of his power in the great purge. He executes anyone deemed “counter-revolutionary” including kulaks, military leaders, Red Army leaders, and mostly Russian workers. Many of the accusations are false.
Stalin bands the Russian national anthem “internationale” and replaces it with the hymn of the soviet union, which refers to how amazing he is.
After refusing to work with France and Britain, Stalin shocks the world by signing a non-aggression pact with Hitler in 1939. This divides up Poland between the two countries. Shortly after, Germany invades Poland- starting WWII.
In 1941, Hitler invades Russia, breaking the non-aggression pact and starting the War on the Eastern front of WWII.
The Germans, who are seeking control of everything, end up destroying major industrial parts of Russia.
This reverses Germany’s hold on Russia and the Russians begin to push themselves into Germany. Russia considers this a success, however they lose approximately 26 million soviet people.
Russian revolution pictures
Russian Revolution (and Mrs. Williams’s AMAZING artwork- to help you understand)
Join the WAR!!!! Get more land! But we cannot afford it!