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Self-Directed Learning Theory<br />Nancy Varga <br />February 27, 2010<br />
Objectives<br />To construct a definition of Self-Directed Learning (SDL)<br />To determine why people engage in SDL activ...
What is Self-Directed Learning (SDL)<br />Learning efforts, self-planned learning (Tough, 1978), self-regulated learning (...
Goals of Self-Directed Learning<br />Enhance the ability of adult learners to be self-directed in their learning<br />Prom...
Goal 1  Self-Directed learning<br /><ul><li>Was a goal setter
Kept a daily journal for evaluation</li></ul>Humanistic philosophy<br />Knowles and Tough<br />
Goal 2 Transformational learning<br />Rita, a fictional character exemplifies an adult learners transformation through ref...
Goal 3 Emancipatory and Social Action<br />Making a difference in the lives of others.<br />John Walsh- National Center fo...
3 models of self-directed learning as process <br />Linear- Tough (1971) study and Knowles (1970) assumptions are linear b...
3 models of self-directed learning as process <br />Interactive Model<br />People engage in self-directed learning by;<br ...
3 models of self-directed learning as process <br />Instructional model<br />Found in formal educational programs<br />Rel...
Which model fits the best ?<br />After living in a high-rise for 35 years, a woman moves to a house in the country, so she...
The Top Reasons people engage in SDL<br />Time management/Family obligations<br />Cost of traditional learning<br />Transp...
Time management/family obligations<br />Studying!<br />Fun in the sun!<br />Graduations<br />What’s for dinner?<br />Birth...
Cost of traditional learning<br /> Workshops<br />Instructional  Technology (IT) computer classes<br />Cooking lessons<br ...
Transportation<br />Have you ever been late to class <br />because of a traffic jam that was <br />unexpected?<br />This a...
Learner’s own learning styles<br />She enjoys listening<br />to music. <br />This man prefers <br />to learn right from th...
Informal or Formal learning<br />
Ability to plan programs to fit the learner<br />There are many opportunities to guide one’s learning directly from the in...
Causes of SDL<br />Catalysts examples<br />Catastrophic events-death of a loved one<br />Life changes-illness<br />Profess...
Questions regarding SDL skills<br />Should the skills be formally taught?<br />Elementary school?<br />Are the skills acqu...
Implications of SDL on Learning<br />How will the elementary school student use SDL skills to their advantage?<br />Car sa...
Conclusion<br />Do you consider yourself a self-directed learner?<br />Why do you think you are a self-directed learner?<b...
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Self Directed Learning Theory Presentation 3

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Self Directed Learning Theory Presentation 3

  1. 1. Self-Directed Learning Theory<br />Nancy Varga <br />February 27, 2010<br />
  2. 2. Objectives<br />To construct a definition of Self-Directed Learning (SDL)<br />To determine why people engage in SDL activities<br />To determine what possible effects SDL has on the growth of a learner and the learning process.<br />
  3. 3. What is Self-Directed Learning (SDL)<br />Learning efforts, self-planned learning (Tough, 1978), self-regulated learning (Zimmerman, 1990), <br /> Last stage of learning-usuallyreserved for the adult learner.<br />Average adult learner engages in 7 learning projects and spends 500 hours per year in SDL activities. <br />Learner takes the initiative in the planning executing, and the evaluation of their own learning.<br />
  4. 4. Goals of Self-Directed Learning<br />Enhance the ability of adult learners to be self-directed in their learning<br />Promote transformational learning as key to self-directed learning.<br />Promote emancipatory learning and social action as an integral part of self-directed learning. <br />
  5. 5. Goal 1 Self-Directed learning<br /><ul><li>Was a goal setter
  6. 6. Kept a daily journal for evaluation</li></ul>Humanistic philosophy<br />Knowles and Tough<br />
  7. 7. Goal 2 Transformational learning<br />Rita, a fictional character exemplifies an adult learners transformation through reflective thought and self-directed learning skills. <br />Self- reflection is key to this goal.<br />Mesirow and Brookfield <br />
  8. 8. Goal 3 Emancipatory and Social Action<br />Making a difference in the lives of others.<br />John Walsh- National Center for Missing and Exploited Children <br />Anyone can be an agent for social change-act on it.<br />Can you think of another example/have you been an agent of change?<br />
  9. 9. 3 models of self-directed learning as process <br />Linear- Tough (1971) study and Knowles (1970) assumptions are linear because they found that learners moved through a series of steps to achieve their learning goals. They are deliberately planned from beginning to end by the learner. <br />
  10. 10. 3 models of self-directed learning as process <br />Interactive Model<br />People engage in self-directed learning by;<br />What is available in the environment in which they live<br />Their personality characteristics<br />Their cognitive processes<br />The learning context<br />
  11. 11. 3 models of self-directed learning as process <br />Instructional model<br />Found in formal educational programs<br />Related to the first goal of SDL<br />Grow’s model how teachers can promote SDL<br />Stage 1 Dependent learner: teacher<br />Stage 2 Interested learner: motivated but not informed of the subject matter<br />Stage 3 Involved learner: more knowledgeable of subject matter and ready to explore with help<br />Stage 4 Self-directed learner: plan, execute, and evaluate their own learning with or with no help<br />
  12. 12. Which model fits the best ?<br />After living in a high-rise for 35 years, a woman moves to a house in the country, so she takes up gardening. <br />A first grader that finishes work before the teacher finishes the instruction.<br /> Mike’s wife was diagnosed with eye matriculation, and he wants to educate himself and look for ways that it can be reversed. <br />
  13. 13. The Top Reasons people engage in SDL<br />Time management/Family obligations<br />Cost of traditional learning<br />Transportation<br />Learner’s own learning styles<br />Prefer informal learning structure<br />Ability to plan programs to fit the learner<br />
  14. 14. Time management/family obligations<br />Studying!<br />Fun in the sun!<br />Graduations<br />What’s for dinner?<br />Birthdays<br />
  15. 15. Cost of traditional learning<br /> Workshops<br />Instructional Technology (IT) computer classes<br />Cooking lessons<br />Jewelry lessons<br />Hourly<br />Daily<br />weekend rates<br />Course rate<br />
  16. 16. Transportation<br />Have you ever been late to class <br />because of a traffic jam that was <br />unexpected?<br />This accident occurred <br />on the way to an evening <br />class!<br />
  17. 17. Learner’s own learning styles<br />She enjoys listening<br />to music. <br />This man prefers <br />to learn right from the <br />cookbook late at night. <br />This learner prefers to<br />study outside in nature. <br />
  18. 18. Informal or Formal learning<br />
  19. 19. Ability to plan programs to fit the learner<br />There are many opportunities to guide one’s learning directly from the internet some at a small cost or entirely free. <br />There are even TV shows designed to encourage the viewers in self-directed learning projects. <br />
  20. 20. Causes of SDL<br />Catalysts examples<br />Catastrophic events-death of a loved one<br />Life changes-illness<br />Professional development<br />Career advancements/promotions<br />Internal motivations<br />External motivations<br />
  21. 21. Questions regarding SDL skills<br />Should the skills be formally taught?<br />Elementary school?<br />Are the skills acquired as one matures?<br />If self-directed learners plan, execute and evaluate their own learning, can self-directed learners exist in formal education? <br />
  22. 22. Implications of SDL on Learning<br />How will the elementary school student use SDL skills to their advantage?<br />Car salesman?<br />Small business owner?<br /> College student?<br />Medical professional?<br />Teachers/Professors?<br />You? <br />
  23. 23. Conclusion<br />Do you consider yourself a self-directed learner?<br />Why do you think you are a self-directed learner?<br />
  24. 24. References<br />Knowles, M.S. (1970). The modern practice of adult education, from pedagogy to andragogy revised and updated. Retrieved from http://74.125.155.132/scholar?q=cache:KbSfmR3rq7MJ:scholar.google.com/+experience+and+andragogy&hl=en&as_sdt=100 00000000000<br />Merriam, S. B. (2001). Andragogy and self-directed learning: pillars of adult learning theory. New Directions for Adult and Continuing Education. 89.p. 3-13. <br />Merriam, S.B., Caffarella, R.S., & Baumgartner, L.M. (2007). Learning in adulthood a comprehensive guide. San Francisco, CA: Jossy- Bass<br />Roberson, D.N., Merriam, S.B., (2005). The self-directed learning process of older, rural adults. Adult Education Quarterly,55(4). 269- 287. doi: 10.1177/0741713605277372. <br />Tough, A., (1978). Major learning efforts: recent research and future directions. Adult Education Quarterly, 28(4), 250-263. doi:10.1177/074171367802800403. <br />

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