ONTOLOGY OF POWER
Presented by: Nuzrat jameel
Overview
 Power
 Counter power
 Sources of power
 Consequences of power
 Abuse of power
POWER
Definition:
Power is the potential ability of an
individual to influence others, group or
organization (by using coe...
COUNTER POWER
Definition:
Counter power is the capacity of a person,
team or organization to keep a more
powerful person o...
SOURCES OF POWER
POWER
PERSONAL
POWER
EXPERT
POWER
REFERENT
POWER
POSITION
POWER
LEGITIMATE
POWER
REWARD
POWER
COERCIVE
PO...
PERSONAL POWER
 Expert power:
Originate from within the person and the individual or
work unit capacity to influence othe...
POSITION POWER
 Legitimate Power:
Legitimate power is the capacity to influence others
through formal authority.
 Reward...
POSITION POWER
 Coercive Power:
Coercive power is the ability to apply punishment it is
usually done through reprimand, d...
CONSEQUENCES OF POWER
 Positive consequences:
Positive consequences in the organization
involves encouraging productivity...
CONSEQUENCES OF POWER
 Negative power:
Employer with negative power achieves their
objectives by threatening employees wi...
ABUSE OF POWER
Sexual harassment:
 Sexual harassment is defined as “unwelcome behavior
of a sexual nature in the workplac...
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Ontology of power

  1. 1. ONTOLOGY OF POWER Presented by: Nuzrat jameel
  2. 2. Overview  Power  Counter power  Sources of power  Consequences of power  Abuse of power
  3. 3. POWER Definition: Power is the potential ability of an individual to influence others, group or organization (by using coercive and non- coercive forces).
  4. 4. COUNTER POWER Definition: Counter power is the capacity of a person, team or organization to keep a more powerful person or group in the exchange relationship.  It is also known as countervailing power
  5. 5. SOURCES OF POWER POWER PERSONAL POWER EXPERT POWER REFERENT POWER POSITION POWER LEGITIMATE POWER REWARD POWER COERCIVE POWER
  6. 6. PERSONAL POWER  Expert power: Originate from within the person and the individual or work unit capacity to influence others by possessing knowledge or skills that they want.  Referent power: Referent power is the capacity to influence others based on the identification and respect they have for their power-holder.
  7. 7. POSITION POWER  Legitimate Power: Legitimate power is the capacity to influence others through formal authority.  Reward Power: Reward power is the capacity to influence others by controlling the allocation of rewards valued by them and removing negative sanctions.
  8. 8. POSITION POWER  Coercive Power: Coercive power is the ability to apply punishment it is usually done through reprimand, demote and fire employees.  Coercive power helps control the behavior of employees by ensuring that they adhere to the organization's policies and norms.
  9. 9. CONSEQUENCES OF POWER  Positive consequences: Positive consequences in the organization involves encouraging productivity, giving employer the power to make decisions by awarding employees for desired performance, appointing employees with experience to guide other junior employees.
  10. 10. CONSEQUENCES OF POWER  Negative power: Employer with negative power achieves their objectives by threatening employees with demotion. Employer uses the power negatively to hire those who are in close relation without judging their talent.
  11. 11. ABUSE OF POWER Sexual harassment:  Sexual harassment is defined as “unwelcome behavior of a sexual nature in the workplace that negatively affects the work environment or leads to adverse job related consequences for employees.”  Harasser stereotypes the victim as obedient and powerless.  Harasser threatens job security or safety through coercive or legitimate power

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