NUTRITION   By,         Abhishek Shah
EATING ANAPPLE A DAY, KEEPS THEDOCTOR AWAY
“WHAT DOES SCIENCE SAY YOU SHOULD                EAT?” “…44  million people are clinically  obese compared with 30 millio...
WHAT IS NUTRITION?THE STUDYOF HOWYOUR BODYUSES THEFOOD THATYOU EAT.
The   value of nutrition is an important aspect, but is often neglected by the people in India.Malnutrition occurs due t...
What is aANutrient is a   nutrientchemical substance infood that helps tomaintain the body.Some provide energy.All help b...
   No single food    supplies all the    nutrients the body    needs to function.
 Vitamins Minerals Water Protein      SugarCarbohydrates sStarches Fats          Cellulo                se
WHAT IS A CALORIE ?Aunit used tomeasure theENERGY in aNutrient.
CALORIES Calories is the energy that your body gets from  foods. Your body requires a minimum number of set  calories ea...
CALORIES PER GRAM:Protein      1 Gram = 4                caloriesCarbohydra tes          1 Gram = 4                calor...
Fruits       Quantity        CaloriesApple               1            53Banana              1            42Mango          ...
Eggs     Quantity   CaloriesBoiled        1        74Fried         1        92Omlet         1        90
Dairy Products   Quantity        CaloriesCheese               1(Slice)          65Cow milk             1(Glass)          1...
Beans          Quantity   CaloriesChikpeas             1         268Kidney Beans         1         224Lentils             ...
Food           Quantity       CaloriesRice/Biryani        1 Plate        458White Bread         1 Slice        154Wheat Br...
Vegetables      Quantity   CaloriesCabbage               1          16Cauliflower           1          39Carrot           ...
NUTRIENTS THAT HAVECALORIESWaterProteinsCarbohydratesFats
NUTRIENTSWater   the most essentialnutrient (50-60% of body weight) Aids fluid and electrolyte  balance Transports mol...
NUTRIENTSHow   much water is enough?  6-8 glasses = 64 oz.  Water in food, too  Urine should be clear, light or   brig...
PROTEINS Proteins help build strong and healthy bones,  muscles, tissue, and teeth. It also helps make new blood cells, ...
CARBOHYDRATES They are the starches and sugars found in foods Potatoes, Pasta, and Bread Body’s Main preferred source o...
FATS Fats are the most concentrated form of energy, they  are very thick substances that do not dissolve in  water. Fats...
ESSENTIAL NUTRIENTSVitaminsTrace mineralsMinerals
VITAMINS These are compounds that help regulate digestion,  and metabolism. Vitamins are needed in small amounts, so the...
TRACE MINERALS Iron   Iron deficiency is the most common    nutrient deficiency     Anemia results       Inability to ...
TRACE MINERALS Others  Zinc—meats,   fish, poultry, grains,   vegetables  Manganese—most foods  Copper—meats, drinking...
MINERALS They are inorganic substances that the body cannot  manufacture but acts like workers regulating many  important...
ABOUT OUR DAILY DIET
THE FOOD GUIDE PYRAMID
Safe Food Handling  Rules for Safely Handling Food:a) Always wash your hands   before handling or   preparing foodsb) Wash...
Safe Food HandlingRules for Safely Handling Food:   c) Wash all cooking surfaces      and utensils   d) Always rinse food ...
Safe Food HandlingRules for Safely Handling Food:   e) Perishable foods must be      kept refrigerated until      prepared...
Reason for a Hand Washing Program:   Many Students do not routinely wash their hands;   Hand washing is not conducted pr...
How to wash hands:   Remove jewelry;   Wet hands with warm water (110º F);   Lather and rub using warm water;   Rinse;...
When to wash arms and hands:   After touching bare human body parts other than clean    hands and clean exposed portions ...
Variables which affect nutrient needs:1. Age2. Gender3. Activity Level4. Climate5. Health6. State of nutrition
Aim for Fitness1. Aim for a healthyweight
2. Be physically activeeach day
Build a Healthy Base3. Let the pyramid guideyour choices4. Choose a variety ofgrains daily, especiallywhole grains5. Choos...
Choose Sensibly7. Choose a diet that is low insaturated fat and cholesteroland moderate in total fat8. Choose beverages an...
Nutrition - Abhishek Shah
Nutrition - Abhishek Shah
Nutrition - Abhishek Shah
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Nutrition - Abhishek Shah

  1. 1. NUTRITION By, Abhishek Shah
  2. 2. EATING ANAPPLE A DAY, KEEPS THEDOCTOR AWAY
  3. 3. “WHAT DOES SCIENCE SAY YOU SHOULD EAT?” “…44 million people are clinically obese compared with 30 million a decade ago.” Eating Plan: Eating abundant fruits, vegetables, whole grains, fish, chicken, and vegetable oils. Evidence: 1,21,700 participants over 20yrs of research
  4. 4. WHAT IS NUTRITION?THE STUDYOF HOWYOUR BODYUSES THEFOOD THATYOU EAT.
  5. 5. The value of nutrition is an important aspect, but is often neglected by the people in India.Malnutrition occurs due to starvation.During starvation the body uses up it’s resources.In India many deaths occur due to malnutrition.
  6. 6. What is aANutrient is a nutrientchemical substance infood that helps tomaintain the body.Some provide energy.All help build cellsand tissues, regulate
  7. 7.  No single food supplies all the nutrients the body needs to function.
  8. 8.  Vitamins Minerals Water Protein SugarCarbohydrates sStarches Fats Cellulo se
  9. 9. WHAT IS A CALORIE ?Aunit used tomeasure theENERGY in aNutrient.
  10. 10. CALORIES Calories is the energy that your body gets from foods. Your body requires a minimum number of set calories each day If you take in fewer calories than you burn: you lose weight If you take in more calories than you burn: you gain weight
  11. 11. CALORIES PER GRAM:Protein 1 Gram = 4 caloriesCarbohydra tes 1 Gram = 4 caloriesFat 1 Gram = 9 calories
  12. 12. Fruits Quantity CaloriesApple 1 53Banana 1 42Mango 1 135Orange 1 43Watermelon 1 31Pear 1 96Papaya 1 Half 39
  13. 13. Eggs Quantity CaloriesBoiled 1 74Fried 1 92Omlet 1 90
  14. 14. Dairy Products Quantity CaloriesCheese 1(Slice) 65Cow milk 1(Glass) 161Ice-cream 2(Scoops) 161Yoghurt 1(Cup) 170
  15. 15. Beans Quantity CaloriesChikpeas 1 268Kidney Beans 1 224Lentils 1 250
  16. 16. Food Quantity CaloriesRice/Biryani 1 Plate 458White Bread 1 Slice 154Wheat Bread 2 Slice 122
  17. 17. Vegetables Quantity CaloriesCabbage 1 16Cauliflower 1 39Carrot 1 33Cucumber 1 39Lady’s Finger 10 34Spinach 1 06
  18. 18. NUTRIENTS THAT HAVECALORIESWaterProteinsCarbohydratesFats
  19. 19. NUTRIENTSWater the most essentialnutrient (50-60% of body weight) Aids fluid and electrolyte balance Transports molecules and cells Major component of blood
  20. 20. NUTRIENTSHow much water is enough?  6-8 glasses = 64 oz.  Water in food, too  Urine should be clear, light or bright yellow  Dark yellow urine is a sign of dehydration
  21. 21. PROTEINS Proteins help build strong and healthy bones, muscles, tissue, and teeth. It also helps make new blood cells, and protect important organs, such as your heart, brain, lungs, and your skin.
  22. 22. CARBOHYDRATES They are the starches and sugars found in foods Potatoes, Pasta, and Bread Body’s Main preferred source of energy They are Classified into1) Simple2) Complex
  23. 23. FATS Fats are the most concentrated form of energy, they are very thick substances that do not dissolve in water. Fats in beef, pork, and egg yolks, and dairy foods are higher in saturated fat than in fish or chicken. Unsaturated fat is liquid fat, but has been proven to reduce heart disease.
  24. 24. ESSENTIAL NUTRIENTSVitaminsTrace mineralsMinerals
  25. 25. VITAMINS These are compounds that help regulate digestion, and metabolism. Vitamins are needed in small amounts, so they are called micronutrients. Vitamins do not have calories in them, but some do give you energy.oVitamins A, D, E, K
  26. 26. TRACE MINERALS Iron  Iron deficiency is the most common nutrient deficiency Anemia results Inability to produce oxygen-carrying hemoglobin  10 mg/day for men, 18 mg/day for women  Sources are beef, fish, poultry, eggs, peas and nuts
  27. 27. TRACE MINERALS Others  Zinc—meats, fish, poultry, grains, vegetables  Manganese—most foods  Copper—meats, drinking water  Iodine—iodized salt, seafood
  28. 28. MINERALS They are inorganic substances that the body cannot manufacture but acts like workers regulating many important body functions. One important mineral in the body is calcium it helps develop strong bones, and build strong teeth.
  29. 29. ABOUT OUR DAILY DIET
  30. 30. THE FOOD GUIDE PYRAMID
  31. 31. Safe Food Handling Rules for Safely Handling Food:a) Always wash your hands before handling or preparing foodsb) Wash all surfaces where food will be prepared
  32. 32. Safe Food HandlingRules for Safely Handling Food: c) Wash all cooking surfaces and utensils d) Always rinse food that will be eaten raw
  33. 33. Safe Food HandlingRules for Safely Handling Food: e) Perishable foods must be kept refrigerated until prepared or served
  34. 34. Reason for a Hand Washing Program: Many Students do not routinely wash their hands; Hand washing is not conducted properly; and Many students do not understand the importance of hand washing.
  35. 35. How to wash hands: Remove jewelry; Wet hands with warm water (110º F); Lather and rub using warm water; Rinse; Dry with disposable paper towels; and Avoid recontamination.
  36. 36. When to wash arms and hands: After touching bare human body parts other than clean hands and clean exposed portions of arms; After using the toilet room; After coughing, sneezing, using a handkerchief or disposable tissue, using tobacco, eating, or drinking; After handling soiled equipment or utensils; and; During food preparation, as often as necessary to remove soil and contamination and to prevent cross-contamination when changing tasks.
  37. 37. Variables which affect nutrient needs:1. Age2. Gender3. Activity Level4. Climate5. Health6. State of nutrition
  38. 38. Aim for Fitness1. Aim for a healthyweight
  39. 39. 2. Be physically activeeach day
  40. 40. Build a Healthy Base3. Let the pyramid guideyour choices4. Choose a variety ofgrains daily, especiallywhole grains5. Choose a variety offruits and vegetablesdaily.6. Keep food safe to eat.
  41. 41. Choose Sensibly7. Choose a diet that is low insaturated fat and cholesteroland moderate in total fat8. Choose beverages andfoods to moderate yourintake of sugars9. Choose and prepare food withless salt

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