CHO COUNTING

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CHO COUNTING

  1. 1. Carbohydrate Counting and Diabetes
  2. 2. Type 1 Diabetes Why count carbohydrates? –To follow a meal plan Ex: 60g carbs at meals, 30g carbs at snacks –To use an insulin-to-carb meal ratio Ex: 1:15 One unit of insulin/ 15 grams of
  3. 3. Type 1 Diabetes • Encourage a healthy, balanced diet However….. They can eat cookies, cake, candy and other sweets occasionally. They must fit them into the meal plan. • Recommend sugar-free drinks
  4. 4. Type 2 Diabetes Why count carbohydrates? –To follow a meal plan –To use in insulin-to-carb meal ratio –Portion control!
  5. 5. Type 2 Diabetes • Need weight loss • Encourage a healthy, balanced diet –Limit desserts, candy, etc –Only sugar-free drinks –No juice!! –Drink white, low-fat or non-fat milk –Limit fried foods –More vegetables!! • Encourage daily activity
  6. 6. Carbohydrate Foods Starches and grains –Bread, cereal, tortillas –Rice and pasta –Crackers, pretzels, chips, popcorn –Starchy vegetables: –Beans (pinto, black, kidney, etc) –Corn –Potatoes –Peas
  7. 7. Carbohydrate Foods • Milk and Yogurt • Fruit- fresh, frozen, canned, dried, juice • Sweets, desserts, jelly and jam, syrups • Sugared drinks
  8. 8. Free Foods ≤5 grams of carbohydrate/ serving • Non-starchy vegetables –Lettuce, tomatoes, green beans, broccoli, carrots, pickles, jalapeños • Fats –Butter, oils, shortening, avocado, olives, bacon, cream
  9. 9. Free Foods • Protein –Meat, fish, poultry, eggs, cheese • Condiments –Mustard, mayonnaise, soy sauce –Spices and herbs –Artificial sweeteners (Splenda®, Sweet- n-Low®, Equal®) • Sugar-free drinks
  10. 10. Free Foods You Might Count …Depending on amount eaten Nuts and Peanut Butter Seeds Ketchup BBQ Sauce Low-fat Salad Dressings
  11. 11. Grams of Carbohydrate Measure based on serving sizes Read Labels
  12. 12. Serving Sizes 1 serving of carb= 15 grams • Bread- One slice • Pasta, rice- 1/3 cup • Corn, mashed potatoes- ½ cup • Milk- 1 cup • Fruit- 4oz apple, banana, glass of juice • Ice cream- ½ cup vanilla
  13. 13. Label Reading Only read two parts of the label Serving size Total Carbohydrates (gm) Do NOT read sugar!

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