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Romano tesina lis

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Romano tesina lis

  1. 1. LISLinguaItalianadeiSegni Giuseppina Romano LM 94 matr.10080066 1
  2. 2.  fornire nozioni base e informazioni utili a tutti coloro i quali sono interessati alla LIS, Lingua Italiana dei Segni. Pertanto, si rivolge sia agli utenti sordi sia agli utenti desiderosi di intraprendere un percorso di formazione per assistenti alla comunicazione LIS o interpreti LIS; fornire link utili per una conoscenza più approfondita del mondo LIS; offrire agli utenti una corposa gallery, arricchita da foto e video; mettere a disposizione degli utenti informazione sui più importanti corsi di formazione LIS in Italia; far conoscere l’attività dell’ENS, Ente Nazionale Sordi. Giuseppina Romano LM 94 matr.10080066 2
  3. 3. SommarioChe cos’è la LIS?Quando è nata la lingua dei segni?Che cos’è l’alfabeto manuale?Perché utilizzare la LIS?Esiste una sola lingua dei segni nel mondo?Si può affrontare qualsiasi argomento in LIS?La LIS “uccide” la parola?Esempi pratici di LISLink utili Giuseppina Romano LM 94 matr.10080066 3
  4. 4. Che cos’è Non è una forma abbreviata di italiano, una mimica, un qualche codice morse o braille, un semplicela LIS? alfabeto manuale o un supporto all’espressione della lingua parlata, ma una lingua con proprie regole grammaticali, sintattiche, morfologiche e lessicali (vedi bibliografia consigliata). Si è evoluta naturalmente con una struttura molto diversa dalle lingue vocali, più comunemente conosciute, che utilizza sia componenti manuali (es. la configurazione, la posizione, il movimento delle mani) che non-manuali, quali l’espressione facciale, la postura, ecc. Ha meccanismi di dinamica evolutiva e di variazione nello spazio (i “dialetti”), e rappresenta un importante strumento di trasmissione culturale. È una lingua che viaggia sul canale visivo-gestuale, integro nelle persone sorde, e ciò consente loro pari opportunità di accesso alla comunicazione. Giuseppina Romano LM 94 matr.10080066 4
  5. 5. Quando è Non sappiamo quando siano nate le lingue dei segni, ma sicuramente esistono da quando è sortanata la lingua la prima comunicazione umana; linguisti e ricercatori affermano che testimonianze lingue segnate erano presenti già nelle antiche civiltà indei segni? Cina, India, Mesopotamia, Egitto, Maya. In alcune comunità, per una forte presenza di persone sorde, la lingua dei segni è stata la modalità di comunicazione primaria tra persone sorde e udenti: Citiamo alcuni esempi: l’isola di Martha’s Vineyard (Stati Uniti); l’Isla de Providencia (Colombia), Urubú-Kaapor (Brasile); villaggi nello Yucatec (Messico), ed altre. Ma la forte influenza delle lingue vocali dominanti, e la diminuzione del numero di persone sorde in tali comunità, hanno ridimensionato o eliminato del tutto le lingue segnate. Giuseppina Romano LM 94 matr.10080066 5
  6. 6. Che cos’èl’alfabetomanuale? L’alfabeto manuale, o dattilologia, è la rappresentazione manuale delle lettere utilizzate nella scrittura. Viene in genere utilizzato per “scrivere nello spazio” parole della lingua parlata o scritta, ad esempio per vocaboli stranieri, nomi (di città, di persone,…) o termini che non possiedono un corrispettivo in segni. Giuseppina Romano LM 94 matr.10080066 6
  7. 7. Perché Perché è una modalità di comunicazione che viaggia sul canale visivo, mentre la lingua parlata sfrutta il canale uditivo. I sordi non possono essereutilizzare fluenti spontaneamente in lingua parlata quanto gli udenti, però i sordi possono essere fluenti in lingua dei segni in modo naturale e spontaneo, infatti, per molti sordi, la lingua parlata rimanela LIS? sempre una lingua straniera o seconda lingua. Diana, Principessa di Wales, 1988: “Sono ben consapevole della posizione della Lingua dei Segni Inglese nella vita delle persone sorde. Non è solo la loro prima lingua. E nel cuore della loro cultura, proprio come la lingua inglese è nel nostro cuore”. La lingua dei segni consente al bambino sordo di sviluppare abilità linguistiche e intellettive prima dell’acquisizione della lingua parlata; inoltre consente all’adulto sordo di acquisire una maggiore consapevolezza della lingua vocale e dei valori della cultura di appartenenza. Non ultimo, la lingua dei segni consente alle persone sorde di comunicare anche in quei luoghi dove le condizioni esterne (ad esempio luce soffusa) non permettono un altro tipo di comunicazione: discoteche, clubs, bar,etc. Giuseppina Romano LM 94 matr.10080066 7
  8. 8. Esiste una No, così come avviene per le lingue vocali ogni comunità ha la propria lingua dei segni: in Italiasola lingua troviamo la Lingua dei Segni Italiana (LIS), negli USA l’American Sign Language (ASL), in Grandei segni Bretagna il British Sign Language (BSL), etc., ciascuna con proprie specifiche varianti territorialinel mondo? ed un forte legame con le rispettive culture di appartenenza. Due lingue dei segni possono presentare somiglianze tra loro - ad es., per ragioni storico-educative, la Langue des Signes Française e l’American Sign Language - anche se le lingue verbali in uso nelle comunità udenti di maggioranza sono geograficamente distanti e molto diverse fra loro. Giuseppina Romano LM 94 matr.10080066 8
  9. 9. Si può affrontare Sì, la LIS, come le altre lingue dei segni nel mondo, è una lingua ricca ed autonoma, con unqualsiasi lessico in costante evoluzione e regole cheargomento in LIS? consentono di “segnare” qualsiasi argomento, dal più concreto al più astratto.La LIS “uccide la Per anni si è commesso l’errore di mettere in competizione ed antitesi la lingua parlata e laparola”? lingua dei segni. È fondamentale al contrario che al bambino sordo – ed all’adulto – siano rese accessibili tutte le opportunità comunicative e linguistiche funzionali alla sua crescita, educazione ed autonomia personale, in una prospettiva che promuova il bilinguismo: lingua parlata/scritta e lingua dei segni. La LIS non “uccide la parola”, ma costituisce anzi una modalità linguistica di complemento estremamente preziosa proprio quale supporto didattico alla terapia logopedica ed all’insegnamento della lingua parlata/scritta al bambino sordo. Giuseppina Romano LM 94 matr.10080066 9
  10. 10. Ecco a voiun esempio pratico di LIS… TRADUZIONE: Benvenuti sul sito bilingue Lingua Italiana dei Segni - italiano che ospita e-LIS, il primo Dizionario elettronico di base bilingue Lingua Italiana dei Segni - italiano. Il sito è articolato in diverse sezioni che offrono informazioni dettagliate sul dizionario e il progetto di ricerca di cui esso è il frutto, sullaccesso al dizionario stesso e ai servizi di forum e newsletter, nonché sulla collaborazione con gli informanti. Giuseppina Romano LM 94 matr.10080066 10
  11. 11. …la LIS consente anche diconvertire canzoni in segni! “Mezzogiorno” Jovanotti Giuseppina Romano LM 94 matr.10080066 11
  12. 12. http://www.ens.it/http://elis.eurac.edu/index_it http://www.animu.it/ http://www.listube.it/ Giuseppina Romano LM 94 matr.10080066 12
  13. 13. Giuseppina Romano LM 94 matr.10080066 13

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