Doing a Literature Search in Sociology


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  • Doing a Literature Search in Sociology

    1. 1. <ul><li>Doing a Literature Search </li></ul><ul><li>in Sociology </li></ul>SC2101 Methods of Social Research Tutorial Presented by Hayati Abdul [email_address]
    2. 2. Objectives of session <ul><li>To help you: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Search Sociological databases effectively using various search strategies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Access resources and services via the Library portal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Search LINC, the Library catalogue </li></ul></ul>
    3. 3. Today’s outline <ul><li>What is a literature search? </li></ul><ul><li>Identify Sources in Sociology </li></ul><ul><li>Build your Search Strategy </li></ul><ul><li>Search Electronic Indexes & Abstracts in Sociology </li></ul><ul><li>Search LINC </li></ul><ul><li>Citing references </li></ul>
    4. 4. What is a Literature Search? <ul><li>A comprehensive survey of publications and information on a specific topic </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Identifies what has already been written on a topic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increases your own knowledge of the subject </li></ul></ul><ul><li>How to go about a literature search? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Which sources to search? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How to search them effectively? </li></ul></ul>
    5. 5. <ul><li>Identify Sources in Sociology </li></ul><ul><li>Search for Sources </li></ul><ul><li>Encyclopaedias & Dictionaries </li></ul><ul><li>Journal articles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Indexes & Abstracts </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Understanding references </li></ul>
    6. 6. Search for Sources Book chapters Conference papers Journal articles Books Journals Multimedia items Theses LINC E-Resources Types of sources Search Tools
    7. 7. Reference Books : Dictionaries & Encyclopedias <ul><li>For background information, definitions, short bibliographies: </li></ul><ul><li>General </li></ul><ul><li>The Sage encyclopedia of Social Science research methods </li></ul><ul><li>International encyclopedia of Social and Behavioral Sciences </li></ul><ul><li>Specialised </li></ul><ul><li>Men and masculinities : a social, cultural and historical encyclopedia </li></ul><ul><li>Dictionary of race, ethnicity and culture </li></ul><ul><li>The encyclopedia of suicide </li></ul>Location: CLREF2
    8. 8. Journals: Scholarly Journal Articles <ul><li>Why are these sources important? </li></ul><ul><li>More specialized, research based </li></ul><ul><li>Purpose is to extend scholarly knowledge in the field </li></ul><ul><li>Represent most current research in a field </li></ul><ul><li>Written by researchers, scholars, experts </li></ul><ul><li>Are peer reviewed for research value, scholarly merit and accuracy </li></ul>
    9. 9. Electronic Journals <ul><ul><li>Electronic full-text of journal articles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Accessible via E- Resources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Select E-journals </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Search by Title/Subject/Publisher </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>e.g. by Subject : Sociology & Social Work </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>e.g. by publisher: Jstor </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Articles can be printed or downloaded </li></ul></ul></ul>No Excessive downloading
    10. 10. Searching Journal Articles: Indexes & Abstracts <ul><li>List journal articles (including book chapters, conference papers, reports) pertaining to current literature in a subject </li></ul><ul><li>Provide bibliographic citations, abstracts, summaries </li></ul><ul><li>Cover hundreds of journal titles </li></ul><ul><li>Electronic indexes & abstracts </li></ul><ul><li>More search options available </li></ul><ul><li>References can be e-mailed, downloaded or printed </li></ul><ul><li>Some databases provide links to full texts of articles </li></ul>Electronic access via E-Resources For CD-ROMs, request at Loan Desk
    11. 11. Indexes & Abstracts in Sociology <ul><li>Available in E-Resources </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sociological Abstracts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI) via Web of Science </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social Sciences Abstracts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>International Bibliography of Social Sciences </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Perind </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Expanded Academic ASAP Index </li></ul></ul>Pertaining to Spore, Malaysia, ASEAN & Brunei Most frequently used databases
    12. 12. Things to note when using Indexes & Abstracts <ul><li>Determine most appropriate indexes </li></ul><ul><li>Select years to search on </li></ul><ul><li>Use Boolean operators to narrow, broaden or refocus search </li></ul><ul><li>Note citation details (author, title, source, vol., pp…) </li></ul><ul><li>Check LINC for availability of citations retrieved </li></ul><ul><li>Look for links to electronic full-text of articles </li></ul>
    13. 13. Understanding References <ul><li>Neuman, William Lawrence. 2003. </li></ul><ul><li>Social research methods: qualitative and quantitative approaches . 5th ed. Boston: Allyn & Bacon. </li></ul><ul><li>Sadasivan, Balaji. 2004. Challenges facing </li></ul><ul><li>Singapore: borderless threats, boundless </li></ul><ul><li>enemies. Singapore Institute of </li></ul><ul><li>International Affairs Reader 4(1) : 1-9. </li></ul><ul><li>Jeffreys, Elaine. 2004. Feminist prostitution debates: are there any sex workers in China? pp.83–108. In Chinese women, living and working , editor, Anne E. McLaren, London: Routledge Curzon. </li></ul>References Material Type Book Journal article Book Chapter
    14. 14. Evaluating Search Results <ul><li>Timeliness </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Date </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Period covered </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Objectivity & Purpose </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Biased </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scholarly </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Suitability </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Information required </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Language </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Accuracy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Factual </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>References </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Review process </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Peer reviewed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Frequently cited </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Authority </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Author </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Publisher </li></ul></ul>
    15. 15. <ul><li>Build your Search Strategy </li></ul><ul><li>Determining Search Terms </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Keywords, Subject terms </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Organizing search terms </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Boolean operators, Truncation, Search statements </li></ul></ul>
    16. 16. Determining Search Terms: Keyword vs. Subject Search Most databases allow different fields to be searched: Author Abstracts Title Keywords Subject terms References (when available)… <ul><li>Subject terms </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Created & pre- assigned </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More precise </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Must be entered correctly </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Keywords </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Can appear anywhere </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Retrieve more results that may be appropriate or irrelevant </li></ul></ul>
    17. 17. Determining Search Terms: Keywords & Concepts <ul><li>Break down topic into main Keywords & Concepts </li></ul><ul><li>Topic: Who should take care of the elderly : the family or the government? </li></ul><ul><li>Care | Elderly | Family | Government </li></ul><ul><li>List synonyms, broader, narrower terms, variant spelling </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Care -- Medical care, home care, caregiver* </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Elderly -- Aged, older people, aging parents </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Family -- Filial piety, family relationships </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Government -- Policies, policy, planning </li></ul></ul></ul>
    18. 18. Determining Search terms: Subject Headings <ul><li>Search using Subject Headings or Thesaurus terms when you are: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>not sure what keywords to use </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>looking for current terms, definition, related terms </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Subject search in: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>LINC, use: Library of Congress Subject Headings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sociological Abstracts, use: Sociological Thesaurus </li></ul></ul>Library of Congress Subject Headings Library of Congress Subject Headings
    19. 19. Determining Search Terms: Thesaurus Sociological Thesaurus Social Sciences Abstracts Thesaurus
    20. 20. Organizing Search Terms: Boolean Operators (OR) <ul><li>OR is used to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>indicate that either terms may be present </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>broaden search </li></ul></ul>Elderly OR Aged Aged Elderly
    21. 21. Organizing Search Terms: Boolean Operators (AND) <ul><li>AND is used to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>indicate that both terms must be present </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>narrow search when too many records retrieved </li></ul></ul>Aged AND Housing Aged Housing
    22. 22. Organizing Search Terms: Boolean Operators (NOT) <ul><li>NOT is used to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>exclude terms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>narrow search when too many records </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>are retrieved </li></ul></ul>Casino gambling NOT Internet gambling Internet gambling Casino gambling
    23. 23. <ul><li> A sterisk retrieves all terms with part of word specified </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Right-hand truncation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>polic * retrieves polic y , polic ies , polic e global * retrieves globali zation , globali sation , global ly </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Internal truncation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Organi * ation retrieves organi z ation, organi s ation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Wom * n retrieves wom e n, wom a n </li></ul></ul></ul> Organizing Search Terms: Truncation
    24. 24. Organizing Search Terms: Parentheses ( ) <ul><li>Round parentheses ( ) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>used to group words to be searched together </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(aged OR elderly) AND (care) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Retrieves </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>care of aged </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>care of the elderly </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(fertility OR birth) AND (policy OR planning) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Retrieves </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>fertility policy, fertility planning, </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>birth policy, birth planning </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    25. 25. Organizing Search Terms: Search Statements 25 males and (body or masculinity) and magazines Representation of the male body in popular magazines (maids or domestics) and family Power of maids and their influence on the family Search statements (aged or elderly) and care and (policies or planning) Topic Policies for the care of the elderly
    26. 26. <ul><li>Search Electronic Indexes & Abstracts in Sociology </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sociological Abstracts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social Sciences Citation Index (via Web of Science) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social Sciences Abstracts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Perind </li></ul></ul>
    27. 27. Search Topics <ul><li>1. Aged in Singapore </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(aged or elderly) and singapore </li></ul></ul><ul><li>2. Representation of the male body in popular magazines </li></ul><ul><ul><li>males and (body or masculinity) and magazines </li></ul></ul><ul><li>3. Asian values in Singapore </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ asian values” and singapore </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>asian and values and singapore </li></ul></ul><ul><li>4. Economic or social implications of gambling in casinos </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(economic or social) and gambl* and casino* </li></ul></ul><ul><li>5. Charitable institutions or charities or fund raising in Singapore </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(charit* or fund raising) and singapore </li></ul></ul><ul><li>6. Maids in Singapore </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(maids or domestics) and singapore </li></ul></ul>
    28. 28. Accessing Indexes & Abstracts through Library Portal <ul><li>To access Indexes & Abstracts through: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>E-Resources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Major Databases </li></ul></ul><ul><li>To set my preference to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reference Databases </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sociology & Social Work </li></ul></ul></ul>Library Portal Click LOGIN
    29. 29. Sociological Abstracts
    30. 30. Sociological Abstracts
    31. 31. Social Sciences Citation Index (via Web of Science)
    32. 32. Social Sciences Citation Index (via Web of Science)
    33. 33. Social Sciences Abstracts
    34. 34. PERIND
    35. 35. <ul><li>Search Books, Journals, Theses, Multimedia items, Conference proceedings… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Library Integrated Catalogue </li></ul></ul>
    36. 36. <ul><li>Author/title </li></ul><ul><li>Table of contents </li></ul><ul><li>Subject </li></ul><ul><li>By Collection </li></ul><ul><li>Theses </li></ul><ul><li>Periodicals </li></ul><ul><li>Newspapers on microform </li></ul><ul><li>Audiovisuals </li></ul><ul><li>Music instruments </li></ul><ul><li>Music scores </li></ul><ul><li>Call number </li></ul><ul><li>Limit this search </li></ul><ul><li>Mark and Save </li></ul><ul><li>Setting Alerts for New Books </li></ul><ul><li>Truncation and Boolean </li></ul><ul><li>Use specific field prefixes to narrow search further: </li></ul><ul><li>a: for author t: for title s: for subject </li></ul>Advanced Features
    37. 37. <ul><li>Citing References </li></ul><ul><li>Why Cite? </li></ul><ul><li>Citing Books, Journal Article, Book Chapter </li></ul>
    38. 38. Citing References: American Sociological Association <ul><li>Guides </li></ul><ul><li>American Sociological Association. ASA style guide </li></ul><ul><li>Quick style guide for students writing Sociology papers </li></ul><ul><li>A guide to writing Sociology papers </li></ul>Show research done Help readers verify your claims Back-up your arguments Acknowledge intellectual debt Why Cite?
    39. 39. Citing Book Author Title Edition Publication details Year Aby, Stephen H. 1997. 2nd ed. Sociology: a guide to reference to reference and information sources. Englewood, Colorado : Libraries Unlimited.
    40. 40. Citing Journal Article Page nos. Author of article Article title Source title Volume, issue no. Source year Ho, Kong Chong. (2000). “Mixed emotions: negative and positive consequences of our enthusiasm for the internet”. Innovations 1(1): 54-55.
    41. 41. Citing Book Chapter Source year Author Chapter title Publisher Parminder Bhachu. 2004. “It's hip to be Asian: the local and global networks of Asian fashion entrepreneurs in London.” Pp. 40-59 in Transnational spaces, edited by Peter Jackson, Philip Crang, and Claire Dwyer. London : Routledge. Page nos. Source Title
    42. 42. <ul><li>HELP! </li></ul><ul><li>L ibrary Instruction ON line (LION) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Help on how to search LINC, databases… </li></ul></ul>
    43. 43. Online Help! L ibrary I nstruction ON line
    44. 44. Need any HELP? <ul><li>Formulating your research topic; using indexes & abstracts; identifying sources of information </li></ul><ul><li>Approach us in person, by phone or email </li></ul><ul><ul><li>68742028 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul></ul>