Training and Development


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Training and Development

  1. 1. Seven Principles to Deliver Training Effectively
  2. 2. You can download this presentation file at: Visit for more presentations on Human Capital Strategy and Personal Development
  3. 3. Seven Principles to Deliver Training Effectively <ul><li>The Principle of The Learning Specialist </li></ul><ul><li>The Principle of The Learner </li></ul><ul><li>The Principle of The Language </li></ul><ul><li>The Principle of The Lesson </li></ul><ul><li>The Principle of The Teaching Process </li></ul><ul><li>The Principle of The Learning Process </li></ul><ul><li>The Principle of Review and Application </li></ul>
  4. 4. Principle 1 : The Learning Specialist A learning specialist must know the program, lesson, subject, skill, or truth to be taught.
  5. 5. Rules to Apply for Principle 1 <ul><li>Prepare each lesson by fresh study and review. </li></ul><ul><li>Illustrate new ideas, concepts, truths, and facts in terms of the every­day experiences of the learners. </li></ul><ul><li>Discover the &quot;natural order&quot; of material or information to be presented. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Rules to Apply for Principle 1 <ul><li>Whenever possible relate the material to the lives of the learners </li></ul><ul><li>Set aside a definite time for study for each session or lesson, in advance of the instruction. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Rules to Apply for Principle 1 <ul><li>Learning specialists should not limit themselves to the training aids at hand </li></ul><ul><li>It is important to remember that complete mastery of just a few ideas is better than an ineffective smattering of many </li></ul>
  8. 8. Principle 2 : The Learner A learner must attend with interest to the program, lesson, or subject.
  9. 9. Rules to Apply for Principle 2 <ul><li>Never begin a training session until the attention (active) of the learners has been secured. </li></ul><ul><li>Pause whenever attention is interrupted or lost; wait until it is completely regained before you begin again. </li></ul><ul><li>Never completely exhaust the attention of the learners. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Rules to Apply for Principle 2 <ul><li>Appeal whenever possible to the personal interests of the learners. </li></ul><ul><li>Use a variety of instructional methods to arouse the attention of the learners. </li></ul><ul><li>Identify sources of distraction and reduce them to a minimum. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Rules to Apply for Principle 2 <ul><li>Make the presentation as attractive as possible, using illustrations, graphics, and training aids. </li></ul><ul><li>Use third-party stories, dialogue, and analogies whenever possible to illustrate the point. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Rules to Apply for Principle 2 <ul><li>Prepare before the session several thought-provoking questions . </li></ul><ul><li>Maintain appropriate eye contact with the learners and use appropriate voice inflection and body language </li></ul>
  13. 13. Principle 3 : The Language The language used as a medium between the learning specialist and the learner must be common to both
  14. 14. Rules to Apply for Principle 3 <ul><li>Use the simplest and fewest words that will express the desired meaning . </li></ul><ul><li>Study carefully and constantly the language of the learners. </li></ul><ul><li>Test the learners' understanding of the words frequently to make certain that they are not being incorrectly used. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Rules to Apply for Principle 3 <ul><li>Use short sentences of the simplest construction. </li></ul><ul><li>Use illustrations to help the learners understand the meaning of words and symbols. </li></ul><ul><li>If the learners fail to understand, repeat the idea or thought in other language, or use an analogy or example. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Rules to Apply for Principle 3 <ul><li>If the learners fail to understand, repeat the idea or thought in other language, or use an analogy or example. </li></ul><ul><li>Identify the terms, symbols, and language that the learners are familiar with prior to the session and adjust the program accordingly. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Principle 4: The Lesson The information or skill to be mastered must be explicable in terms of information already known by the learner — the unknown must be explained by means of the known.
  18. 18. Rules to Apply for Principle 4 <ul><li>Discover what the learners know of the subject, topic, and material ; this is the starting point. </li></ul><ul><li>Utilize the learners' knowledge and experience. </li></ul><ul><li>Relate every lesson—as much as possible—to former lessons as well as to the experiences of the learners. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Rules to Apply for Principle 4 <ul><li>Arrange the presentation so that each step of the lesson leads easily and naturally to the next. </li></ul><ul><li>Use illustrations that the learners can identify with. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Rules to Apply for Principle 4 <ul><li>Encourage the learners to make use of their own knowledge. </li></ul><ul><li>As much as possible, choose the problems that you assign to the learners from their own activities and interests . </li></ul>
  21. 21. Principle 5 : The Teaching Process The teaching process must be arousing , using the learner's mind to grasp the desired thought or to master the desired skill.
  22. 22. Rules to Apply for Principle 5 <ul><li>Excite the learners' interest in the subject, lesson, and/or material through statement of inquiry or thought-provoking questions. </li></ul><ul><li>Consider it a principal responsibility to awaken the minds of the learners and to not rest until each learner demonstrates his or her mental activity and involvement. </li></ul>
  23. 23. Rules to Apply for Principle 5 <ul><li>Place yourself frequently in the position of the learners and join in their search for additional information and knowledge. </li></ul><ul><li>Allow learners time to sort out the material and gain understanding. </li></ul>
  24. 24. Rules to Apply for Principle 5 <ul><li>Repress the desire to tell all you know or think about the subject, lesson, or topic . </li></ul><ul><li>Be dedicated to beginning each session in a manner that stirs interests and activity </li></ul>
  25. 25. Principle 6 : The Learning Process The learning process must turn one's own understanding of a new idea or truth into an overt habit that demonstrates the new awareness .
  26. 26. Rules to Apply for Principle 6 <ul><li>Help the learners form a clear idea of the work to be done . </li></ul><ul><li>Ask the learners to express in words or in writing the meaning of the session or lesson as they understand it. </li></ul><ul><li>Answer the questions of the learners in a non-threatening manner. </li></ul>
  27. 27. Rules to Apply for Principle 6 <ul><li>Strive to make the learners self-directed and independent investigators. </li></ul><ul><li>Seek constantly to develop in learners a profound regard for truth as something noble and enduring </li></ul>
  28. 28. Principle 7 : Review and Application The evidence of individual development must be reflected through a reviewing, rethinking, reproduction, and applying of the material, information, truth, or skill that has been communicated.
  29. 29. Rules to Apply for Principle 7 <ul><li>Realize that reviews are a part of the instructional process . </li></ul><ul><li>Establish a set time for review. </li></ul><ul><li>Get into the habit of providing a review at the completion of each lesson as well as after each section or at the close of a topic or subject. </li></ul>
  30. 30. Rules to Apply for Principle 7 <ul><li>Seek comprehensive and complete groupings of material. </li></ul><ul><li>Identify as many applications as possible . </li></ul><ul><li>Demand that learners rethink material and information into a personal understanding and orientation </li></ul>
  31. 31. Source of Reference: Jerry Gillet and Seteven Eggland, Principles of Human Resource Development , Perseus Books Group.