Work simplification


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Work simplification

  1. 1. Work Simplification: Manufacturing study of production method with the purpose of reducing timeeffort and production cost of a product or a specific task.Job Simplification: A statement of employee characteristics and qualification required for satisfactoryperformance of defined duties and tasks comprising a specific job or function. Job specification isderived from job analysis.Job design technique in which jobs are broken into relatively simple tasks. It aims at greater productivitythrough reduced application of mental and/ or physical effort. See also time and motion study.Job Simplification: Job Simplification includes evaluating the work processes methods and procedures,for multiple workers performing the same task.Be sure to include any task is required to do. Such as ergonomics concerns; reaching, bending, twisting,lifting, and standing for extended periods of time.The use of video recording of the target job is a very effective tool for later studies and analysis. Oftentime there is more observed on the video from those familiar with the job, than what they see each day.This can be a true eye-opener for those responsible for the work process.Counting the number of steps and the frequency taken to perform the task throughout the shift can beanother great-surprise. The goal in this situation is to minimize the distanced and frequency traveledBOTTON LINE:Job simplification begins with observation listening and asking.>what is working well and what is not.>what is causing extra cycle time?>Is there excess travel?>Is there any searching for parts or material or information?>Is there any sharing of small tools or small equipment?>If yes to any of these questions, then find out why.Simplifying the job brings the training of new employees. As well as cross-training of exsisting employeesmuch easierJob Simplification:Job simplification is a design method whereby jobs are divided into smaller components andsubsequently assigned to workers as whole jobs. Simplification of work requires that jobs be brokendown into their smallest units and then analyzed. Each resulting sub-unit typically consists of relativelyfew operation . this subunits are then assigned to the workers as their total job. There appears to be two
  2. 2. major advantage in using job simplification. First since the job requires very little training, they can becompleted by less costly unskilled labour. Second, job speed increases because each worker isperforming only a small portion of the previously large job and thus is able to master a smaller, lesscomplicated job unit. On the negative side, job simplification results in workers experiencing boredom,frustration, alienation, lack of motivation and low job satisfaction. This in turn, leads to lowerproductivity and increased cost.Job Enlargement: Job enlargement expands job horizontally. It increases job scope; that is, it increasesthe number of different operations required in a job and the frequency with which the job cycle isrepeated . By increasing the number of tasks an individual performs, job enlargement, increases the jobscope, or job diversity. Instead of only sorting the incoming mail by department, for instance , a mailsorter’s job could be enlarged to include physically delivering the mail to the various department orrunning outgoing letters through the postage meter.Efforts at job enlargement have met with less than enthusiastic results. As one employee whoexperienced such a redesign on his job remarked, Before I had one lousy job. Now , throughenlargement, I have three . So while job enlargement attacks the lack of diversity in overspecialisedjobs, it has done little to provide challenge or meaningfulness to a workers activities.Job Rotation: Job rotation refers to the movement of an employee from one job to another, jobsthemselves are not actually changed, only the employee are rotated among various jobs .An employeewho works on a routine job moves to work on another job for some hour/day/months and returns backto the first job. This measure relieves the employee from the boredom and monotony, improves theemployee’s skills regarding various jobs and prepares worker’s self-image and provides personal growth.However, frequent job rotation are not advisable in view of their negative impact on the organizationand the employee.Job enrichment: Job enrichment, as it is currently practiced in industry, is a direct outgrowth ofHerzberg’s Two factor theory of motivation. It is, therefore, based on the assumption that in order tomotivate personnel, the job itself must provide opportunities for achievement recognition,responsibility, advancement and growth. The basic idea is to restore to jobs the elements of interestthat were taken away under intensive specialization. At this stage it may be necessary to draw adistinction between job rotation, job enlargement and job enrichment. Job enrichment tries toembellish the job with factors that Herzberg characterized as motivators: achievement, recognitionincreased, responsibilities, opportunities for growth, advancement and increased competence. There isan attempt to build into jobs a higher sense of challenge and achievement, through vertical job loading.Job automation: Companies today find themselves in an increasingly competitive local, regional andglobal marketplace. Business have to focus on staying profitable while managing heightened credit riskand narrowing margins. Keeping in view the challenges of our business environment, EBL has developeda range of cash management products and solutions that accelerate inflows, maximize liquidity, reducecredit risks, automate payments and strengthen reconciliation. At EBL our products and services arevalue added and offer end to end solution that optimize cash flows and reduce operating costs.
  3. 3. All our solution are value added in keeping with the Bank’s strategic vision. EBL Cash ManagementService is fully scalable to make economic sense to all private and public sector corporations includeGovt. Agencies>Successfully managed an array of payment services from a simple payment gateway to end to end cardservices, including issuing, mobile phone prepay , ATM processing and loyalty. Charged with the roll outand testing of various new technology projects in collaboration with overseas based technicaldevelopers. Developed an automated payment system to integrate core banking system with Card suitesolution. Coordinated and managed efforts across global teams to improve the uptime of card suitesolutions.