Abcd in croydon

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ABCD in Action in Croydon: Asset Mapping in Thornton Heath, April 26, 27, 2011.

2 Day Workshop with Cormac Russell, ABCD Institute and Nurture Development UK

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  • ABCD recognises five assets, the primary asset being the capacity of individual to give of their gifts and talents…Sometimes these are referred to as gift of the hands which relates to things you can make, gifts of the heart which speaks to the things you are passionate about, and gifts of the head pointing to the which you apply brain power or creativity to solve, resolve or create. A iron clad principle of ABCD is that everyone has gifts, without exception.
  • The second, the great magnifier and amplifier of citizen power is associations, groups of residents who come together to do what individuals can not. 75% of associations when asked would they be prepared to help with community building efforts said yes.
  • The fourth assets in many of the stories we hear about community regenerating from the inside out are of institutions that act like treasure chest instead of fortress wall, institutions of course include business, Government and NGO’s. The fifth asset is economic exchange including bartering and timebanking. Lastly the stories themselves constitute the sixth and often forgotten asset.
  • The third asset is physical assets, including built environment, natural environment, and physical infrastructure. Some physical assets look like liabilities at first glance, but a sharp eye will spot the hidden treasure….
  • Bringing programmes, services and funding is only part of the process of community building. It speaks only to the half empty part of the glass, and all too often if not balanced with community building work that helps communities to define their own internal priorities and to work on them, it builds a perverse relationship of dependency. Funding dependent communities are weak and ultimately made more vulnerable, making people dependent on funding turns them into passive recipients or clients, true regeneration does not leave dependent or dissatisfied clients in its wake, its legacy if it is to be worthwhile should be a growing body of powerful and connected citizens with a vision for the future and the support to get there.
  • Assets only become useful when they are connected in positive ways that build community power and agency for actionable change. One of the important ways of moving forward is to conduct an asset map. It is important though that it is the community that does this, since it is not a data gather exercise, so much as a relationship building process. Asset maps are not done so that outside agencies can pounce on the information, nor are then meant to sit on shelves looking pretty, they are used as vital information to help identify, connect and mobilise community abundance.
  • One of the most basis principles of ABCD
  • Lets look more closely at this. Starting with needs. Sometimes when people present ABCD they present it as a polemic between needs and assets. To me that somewhat of a superficial interpretation. ABCD is not suggesting that we ignore needs in preference for assets, but that we take care as to how we understand needs. Most psychologists now agree that there are four fundamental needs. See slide… So ABCD begs the question how do we as helpers address for example security needs in a way that does not harm autonomy, competency and belonging. Can you think of any examples from your own life experience when someone in an honest effort to help inadvertently undermined the need for autonomy, competence or belonging of the person or community they were endeavouring to assist?
  • I think we take Ellerman’s ideas to an even deeper level by asking the question where in our lives do we get our needs met? There are four areas I believe where this happens, the first is within our own personal sphere of influence, where for example I can chose health seeking or health avoidant behaviour. The second in the domain of family, friends and neighbourhood, where I gain a sense of belonging, mutuality and civic participation and contribution. The third is in the domain of co-production where my personal family and community agency can join forces with professional services and supports; the aging in place agenda presents some very fine examples around the world where health care systems, families, communities and older people themselves are coproducing their own and their communities well being. Limerick example. Often if systems try to do what we personally or at a community level can do, not alone does it create unhealthy dependency but is also makes no fiscal sense whatsoever. It’s like asking a toddler to pick up a butterfly without crushing it. With the best of intentions there are things the state does well and things communities and individual do better, understand the unique function of each is key to figuring out how to have a good life and a Good Society.
  • Like this man we need to know what we have within and around us before we can meaningfully leverage in what we need from outside. And by meaningfully I mean securing what need while not paying with our autonomy, belonging or sense of competence.
  • Neighbourhood population of 15,000 home to the largest Orthodox Jewish education community in Europe, and the most significant outside of the United States and Israel. …… . And muslims with Pakistani, Bangladeshi and African backgrounds…. 3 primary schools, 2 of which have an average of 19 mother tongues 19% of the homes are private rented, and mostly terraced flats Male life expectancy at 74 years is 6 years below the England average Unemployment rate 9% High levels of binge drinking and smoking Recorded crime continues to fall but the neighbourhood experiences most of the borough’s hate crime It has previously had support through capital challenge, SRB and the Neighbourhood Renewal Fund, currently Housing Market Renewal…400 terraced dwellings being demolished to make way for family housing.
  • And what might strengths based thinking and ABCD have to offer???
  • We need to shift from Big Society to Caring Society. We need more substance, less size
  • The asset based approach starts with a focus on the strengths it recognises the truth that the map is not the territory and that the glass is both half full and half empty at the same time
  • Society can be understood as a configuration of people in certain patterns of interdependence which continues even when some of its members die or leave. So how can society exist if the patterns of interdependence disintegrate or if new people are not constantly being welcomed? So, given that Britain currently is not doing enough of either, is British Society dying the death of a thousand cuts? Cameron being a much better communicator than me simply asks the question: ‘who’ll cut the grass, when you can’t?’
  • Society can be understood as a configuration of people in certain patterns of interdependence which continues even when some of its members die or leave. So how can society exist if the patterns of interdependence disintegrate or if new people are not constantly being welcomed? So, given that Britain currently is not doing enough of either, is British Society dying the death of a thousand cuts? Cameron being a much better communicator than me simply asks the question: ‘who’ll cut the grass, when you can’t?’
  • Society can be understood as a configuration of people in certain patterns of interdependence which continues even when some of its members die or leave. So how can society exist if the patterns of interdependence disintegrate or if new people are not constantly being welcomed? So, given that Britain currently is not doing enough of either, is British Society dying the death of a thousand cuts? Cameron being a much better communicator than me simply asks the question: ‘who’ll cut the grass, when you can’t?’
  • And what might strengths based thinking and ABCD have to offer???
  • But those that are proposing Big Society
  • Moving from a culture of knowledge repositories (people-to-information) to one of knowledge collaboration (people-to-people). Careful not to stereotype all local government or public sector workers! Undeniable facts: Public sector organisations are deeply hierarchical. Over-reliance on stored and categorised information. With some notable exceptions (e.g. NHS), no systematic development of peer learning and sharing techniques or strategies. Closed and private culture. But…. The past five years have seen significant changes across the local government sector. The need to meet stringent targets for performance and efficiency as part of the Comprehensive Performance Assessment, and the huge investment in technology driven by central government’s ‘e-government’ strategy (or latterly “Transformational Government”) have indeed led to improvement across the sector. However, as many councils have found, digitising assets, developing new web sites and investment in EDRM have not always delivered the improvements they were hoping for. On the contrary, the proliferation of web sites across the sector has only served to encourage a silo mentality in many authorities, making life far more difficult for staff to find, use and share information and knowledge. There is a growing realisation that, coupled with the reduction in central government funding, the tipping point has arrived, and that any further efficiency and service improvements can only be delivered by smarter working and making more effective use of shared and tacit knowledge to drive innovation.
  • For policy makers as well as traditional community leaders the new starting point in my humble option is at the fire side, the one on one conversations, and the neighbourhood organising, that’s where Britain will begin to coproduce and re-weave its wellbeing and future in terms of its economic prosperity, it environmental sustainable and the welfare of all its citizen in real partnership with Government, the Third Sector and the Corporate Sector, that to my mind is the path from so-called Broken Britain to a truly Caring Society. But they cannot hope to reap that harvest until they plough the soil, and I think that’s where people like us come in. Thank you!
  • The asset based approach starts with a focus on the strengths it recognises the truth that the map is not the territory and that the glass is both half full and half empty at the same time
  • Abcd in croydon

    1. 1. ABCD in Croydon Nurture Development 2 Day Workshop (Cormac Russell)
    2. 2. Day One: Overview Leading by stepping back Where it all began No more throw away people Tools for change 1 2 3 4
    3. 3. Where it all began 1
    4. 4. About the ABCD Institute <ul><li>Est. 1995, </li></ul><ul><li>Northwestern </li></ul><ul><li>University, Illinois </li></ul><ul><li>Presence on every continent throughout the world. </li></ul>
    5. 5. Tell us a story….. <ul><li>‘ Can you tell us a story about a time when you and your neighbours came together to make things better?’ </li></ul>
    6. 6. Community is about identifying and contributing our assets
    7. 7. Community= Association
    8. 8. Community= Institutional Assets
    9. 9. Community= Physical Assets
    10. 10. Community = Economic Exchange
    11. 11. Community = Stories
    12. 13. Assets? <ul><li>These community assets include: </li></ul><ul><li>the skills of local residents </li></ul><ul><li>the power of local associations </li></ul><ul><li>the resources of public, private and non-profit institutions </li></ul><ul><li>the physical and economic resources of local places. </li></ul><ul><li>The stories of our lives and of evolving </li></ul><ul><li>community </li></ul><ul><li>. </li></ul>
    13. 14. Determinants of Health <ul><li>Personal behaviour </li></ul><ul><li>Social Networks </li></ul><ul><li>Economic circumstances </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Access to health care. </li></ul>
    14. 15. The glass is half full
    15. 16. Village Needs Map Food insecurity Hunger Poverty Poor infra -structure AIDS/HIV Drought Corruption Lack of basic Education Health crisis Malaria Crime Gender inequality
    16. 17. Pastoral communities in rural Kenya. Skilled people Business skills Farmers Leaders Businessmen Women Elders (traditional leaders) Entrepreneurs Activists Warriors Laibons / seers Religious Leaders Students Asset Map Turkana, Pokot & Samburu Individuals Physical Space Rangelands Pasture grazing fields – Kadengoi, Kataruk, Kasarani, Loru plains, Silale, Aroo Hills – Kalangol, Lotiruk, Loriu, Silale, morwakiring, kamarok Farms – Morulem, Lokubae, Elelea Seasonal streams Water source e.g. wells, boreholes and water pan Women groups Youth groups Development committee VICOBA Group ranches Conservancies Family Support Groups Health Advocacy and Fitness Groups PFS Youth groups Business groups Religious groups Elderly groups Community Animal health worker groups Dong’a Cultural Groups Men’s Groups Youth Mentoring Groups Mutual Support Groups Neighborhood Improvement Groups Political Organizations Recreation Groups Religious Groups Social Groups Water users Groups CAHWs vet shop groups Former livestock rustlers group assosciat Local Economy Livestock trade (small scale) Charcoal burning Sale of animal Drugs shops by CAHWS For-Profit Businesses Business Associations Village banks Micro enterprises pasture Livestock Business trade Small scale farming Sand harvesting Quarry harvesting Honey harvesting Charcoal Mining Hides and skin products Eco – tourism Small arms trade Livestock rustling Stories Of Burning of prosopys Juliflora by the women Of Ashes from trees burning acts as manure to the soil Of background and personal history Of what we like to do and contribute Of existing and ongoing skills and capacities Of successful community development Of economic growth Of addressing discrimination Of including those who are marginalized Of recognizing the value of everyone Of a time when we felt appreciated and valued Of a time the community was at its best Community Community Institutions MWUA / LWUA (food security) LOMEDS (micro credit, peace, livestock marketing) LCRC – meeting facilities Schools (primary) Nginyang, Amaya, Ngoron, Chesawach,Kokwototo, Natan ) Secondary (Chemolingot, Barpello and Churo AIC) Nginyang Polytechnic Health facilities Churches
    17. 18. What is an Asset Based Approach?
    18. 19. Asset-based Community Development Methodology Discovering Strengths Organizing & Mapping Linking and Mobilizing Community Driven Initiatives Sustaining the Process
    19. 20. A Picture of a strong Community $ NFP NFP $ G G
    20. 21. But what to do… on Monday morning?
    21. 22. Appreciative Inquiry/World Cafe <ul><li>We’ve been here before: </li></ul><ul><li>What is your high point story of helping create a healthier community? </li></ul><ul><li>What difference were you able to make? </li></ul><ul><li>Why did it matter to you? </li></ul><ul><li>What did you learn about your strengths and gifts? </li></ul><ul><li>Who else was involved and what did they contribute? </li></ul><ul><li>What community assets were resources in making the change happen? </li></ul>
    22. 23. The 5 Ds Process of Strength Based Well Being Promotion D1- DISCOVER D2 - DREAM D3-DESIGN D1- We have done it before. D2 – We have a vision for our future. D3 – We agree on what could be done. D4 – We have a list of our resources to draw from. D5 – action plan & start implementing it. D5 – DELIVER/DO IT D4 -DEFINE
    23. 24. Health Break <ul><li>Networking </li></ul>
    24. 25. No more throw away people 2
    25. 26. Social inclusion? Where it matters? Participation Friendship Intimacy Economic Exchange
    26. 27. Full circles indicate capacity to deal with life and are a powerful measure of health in our society.
    27. 30. Spot the difference?
    28. 31. My Vision
    29. 32. My Good Life <ul><li>Real friends </li></ul><ul><li>A relationship like Cormac has </li></ul><ul><li>A real job </li></ul><ul><li>Enough money to do the things I like </li></ul>
    30. 33. My Good Life begins at Home <ul><li>I live at home with my wonderful Mom and Dad </li></ul><ul><li>I am a proud Limerick man </li></ul><ul><li>And a Munster Rugby </li></ul><ul><li>supporter </li></ul>
    31. 34. Imagine Croydon <ul><li>Now I want to ask about your vision of the future: </li></ul><ul><li>Imagine that, like Rip Van Winkle, you fall asleep and </li></ul><ul><li>wake up in five years. You read in a magazine powerful </li></ul><ul><li>stories of how Healthy Communities, all over Croydon </li></ul><ul><li>has grown in strength over the years. Community </li></ul><ul><li>changes have been significant, and you’re thrilled to be </li></ul><ul><li>part of a movement that is making such an important </li></ul><ul><li>difference. </li></ul><ul><li>What do you imagine the three most significant articles are about? </li></ul><ul><li>What part do you play in these stories? </li></ul>
    32. 35. Lunch <ul><li>And nourishing conversations </li></ul>
    33. 36. Leading by stepping back 3
    34. 37. Henry Moore: The Savannah Georgia story
    35. 38. No matter how rich you are you have needs No matter how poor you are you have gifts
    36. 39. Fundamental Needs Security Autonomy Belonging Competence ? Emotional & Material Agency. Independence. Sense of efficacy in the world. Plus authenticity Community, Family & Friends, as giver & receiver Ability to sustain tasks of choosing, to contribute. Security Belonging Competence Autonomy Russell, C (2010)
    37. 40. Where we really get our needs met
    38. 41. ‘ You can’t know what you need, till you know what you have…’
    39. 42. A new policy anyone? People are the Answer Programmes are the Answer Develop Potential ‘ Fix People’ See People as Citizens and Co-producers See People as Clients Development Maintenance Focus on communities/neighbourhoods Focus on Individuals Emphasis on Associations High Emphasis on Agencies Fewer Services More Services Grants, Loans, Investments, Leverage Grants to Agencies Investment Orientation Charity Orientation Opportunity Identification Problem Response Focus on Assets Focus on Deficiencies Why not also have a model that… Present Policy
    40. 43. Co-creation exercise <ul><li>What current trends give you most hope that such a movement can and will grow stronger? </li></ul><ul><li>What is contributing most to your own willingness to make a difference in your community now? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the most important factors likely to sustain your involvement? </li></ul><ul><li>What resources are available to help you do something around what you care about? </li></ul>
    41. 44. Tools for change 4
    42. 45. Understanding motivation to act <ul><li>In every community there is work to be </li></ul><ul><li>done. </li></ul><ul><li>In every heart there is the power to do it. </li></ul><ul><li>People will support what they help to </li></ul><ul><li>create. </li></ul>
    43. 46. When people care enough to act.. <ul><li>When do you act within your family and </li></ul><ul><li>community life? </li></ul>
    44. 47. 3 enablers <ul><li>Dreams </li></ul><ul><li>Concerns </li></ul><ul><li>Gift giving opportunities </li></ul><ul><li>‘ There is no greater power than a </li></ul><ul><li>community that has discovered what it </li></ul><ul><li>cares about.’ Margaret Wheatley </li></ul>
    45. 48. Let’s have a learning conversation <ul><li>Your dream? </li></ul>So what’s
    46. 49. What did you think of it? What did you learn?
    47. 50. Contact us <ul><li>Please contact: </li></ul><ul><li>Cormac Russell +353 (87) 928 0998 or </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul>
    48. 51. ABCD in Croydon Nurture Development UK & Ireland
    49. 52. Day Two: Overview Matching Grants Stories from the field Asset Mapping Next steps 5 6 7 8
    50. 53. Stories from the field 5
    51. 54. Communities & Neighbourhoods Service Gateshead Council
    52. 55. Gateshead Newcastle Town centre Team Valley Bensham & Saltwell
    53. 58. Untapped potential……
    54. 59. Bensham & Saltwell
    55. 60. St. Chad’s Gardening Club “ Friday afternoons with a difference”
    56. 61. … we learn to make friends, cross social barriers” “ We build up self-esteem and confidence, work as a team, lessen the feelings of isolation, increase feelings of well-being and community….
    57. 64. Doing work the old way
    58. 65. SBA: processes with ownership
    59. 66. Needs Analysis, needs analysis
    60. 67. Strangers are twice more likely to assist you, than you think Studies by Flynn & Lake (2010) of Columbia University show that people underestimate how likely others are to help by as much as 100%
    61. 68. <ul><li>Community </li></ul><ul><li>Building </li></ul><ul><li>Matters </li></ul>
    62. 71. Development trends <ul><li>Do development to the people </li></ul><ul><li>Do development for the people </li></ul><ul><li>Do development through the people    </li></ul><ul><li>Do development with the people </li></ul><ul><li>Developing local capacity for self-development </li></ul><ul><li>Identify connect and mobilise assets people decide together what change should look and feel like, we serve them </li></ul>
    63. 77. Community Asset Map-Ballinacurra Weston Individuals Gifts, Skills, Capacities, Knowledge and Traits of Youth Older Adults Artists People with Disabilities Students Parents Entrepreneurs Activists Institutions Schools Universities Community Colleges Police Departments Hospitals Libraries Social Service Agencies Non Profits Museums Fire Departments Foundations Physical Space Gardens Parks Playgrounds Parking Lots Walking Paths Forests/Forest Preserves Picnic Areas Campsites Fishing Spots Stories Of background and personal history Of what you like to do and contribute Of existing and ongoing skills and capacities Of successful community development Of economic growth Of addressing discrimination Of including those who are marginalized Of recognizing the value of everyone Of a time when you or your group felt appreciated and valued Of a time the community was at its best Local Economy For-Profit Businesses Consumer Expenditures Merchants Chamber of Commerce Business Associations Banks Foundations Institutional-Purchasing Power and Personnel Micro enterprises Local Coops Corporations and Branches Animal Care Groups Anti Crime Groups Residents Assoc Business Organizations Charitable Groups Civic Events Groups Cultural Groups Education Groups Elderly Groups Environmental Groups Family Support Groups Health Advocacy and Fitness Groups Heritage Groups Hobby and Collectors Groups Men’s Groups Mentoring Groups Mutual Support Groups Neighborhood Improvement Groups Political Organizations Recreation Groups Religious Groups Service Clubs Social Groups Union Groups Women’s Groups Youth Groups Associations My Community Our Community
    64. 78. 1. What can you do with people power? Once There is a NEIGHBOURHOOD VISION…ask
    65. 79. 2. What can you do with help from outside agencies? What would that help look like?
    66. 80. 3. What do you need outside agencies to do unilaterally?
    67. 82. The main protagonists: <ul><li>Leader – someone that can bring people together to work on an issue </li></ul><ul><li>Gift Giver – a person that is willing to contribute their asset to work on an issue. </li></ul><ul><li>Invisible Person – a person that has not yet been “discovered” or been convinced to use their assets to help achieve their dreams or address their concerns in the neighborhood. </li></ul>
    68. 83. The unsung hero! <ul><li>Connector – an individual that is good at discovering what people care about and where their assets can be used. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gift centered </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Well connected </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Trusted </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Believe they are welcome </li></ul></ul>
    69. 84. <ul><li>Local economic develop </li></ul><ul><li>Community safety </li></ul><ul><li>Care for the environment </li></ul><ul><li>Flexible response to local crisis </li></ul><ul><li>Safe and sustainable food production </li></ul><ul><li>Co-production and localism </li></ul><ul><li>Democracy & Social justice </li></ul><ul><li>8. Raising connected young people </li></ul><ul><li>10. Ageing well in place </li></ul><ul><li>11. Building Community </li></ul><ul><li>12. Wisdom and Knowledge </li></ul>12 Domains of People Powered Change
    70. 85. Person Centered Work The move is from services to clients to supports for citizens Community Centered Work Inclusion
    71. 86. There are many different bird calls The Common Loon
    72. 87. Our Solutions are often not fit for purpose
    73. 88. Addressing systems culture…..
    74. 89. Before you reap the harvest…..
    75. 90. What switched on in you?
    76. 91. Asset Mapping 6
    77. 92. Looking back on yesterday’s process <ul><li>1. Choosing the positive as the focus of inquiry </li></ul><ul><li>2. Inquiring into stories of life-giving forces </li></ul><ul><li>3. Locating themes that appear in the stories and selecting topics for further inquiry </li></ul><ul><li>4. Creating shared images of a preferred future </li></ul><ul><li>5. Finding innovative ways to create that future. </li></ul>
    78. 93. Gifts exercise <ul><li>Tessy Britton </li></ul>
    79. 94. Asset Mapping the room, through world café exercise: <ul><li>What do you care about enough to act upon? </li></ul><ul><li>What gifts, skills and knowledge can you bring to address what you care about? </li></ul><ul><li>What would it take for you to work with others who share your concern? </li></ul><ul><li>Do you know anybody outside the room whose assets you can tap into? </li></ul>
    80. 95. Treasure hunt
    81. 96. Using the right map
    82. 97. Will lead the treasure
    83. 98. Asset Mapping Thornton Heath Individuals Institutions Physical Space Gardens Parks Playgrounds Parking Lots Walking Paths Forests/Forest Preserves Picnic Areas Campsites Fishing Spots Stories Local Economy Associations My Community Our Community
    84. 99. Comparing Maps
    85. 100. Needs maps of Thornton Heath Racial tension/hate crimes High crime rates. Significant fear among older people High levels of ADHD Smoking related Heart disease Respiratory difficulties Obesity across The life course High levels of drug and Alcohol use. High unemployment Poor educational attainment Poor housing/environmental issues High morbidity Anti social behaviour Gender inequality
    86. 101. Matching Grants 7
    87. 105. Next steps 4
    88. 106. Taking Stock <ul><li>What are the areas where you feel more citizen engagement could have the most impact on improving the quality of public life and personal wellbeing in our Thornton Heath? </li></ul><ul><li>As you reflect on successful ways citizens are currently engaged in improving the community, what initiatives stand out as being exceptionally promising in expanding local citizen leadership and why? </li></ul>
    89. 107. Next Steps <ul><li>What small changes could we make right now that would really encourage more families to get engaged with improving their community in Thornton Heath? </li></ul><ul><li>How would you personally like to be involved in expanding citizen leadership here? </li></ul>
    90. 108. Open Space <ul><li>Affinity groups to work up specific action points </li></ul>
    91. 109. Evaluation

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