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Function of cell (bbm)


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Function of cell (bbm)

  3. 3. Have you noticed how workers at aconstruction site lay bricks to build thewalls of a house ?Just as the walls of a house are madeof bricks, livings organisms are madeof basic units called cells. They form the building blocks of allliving organism.
  4. 4. • Generally cell can be divided to two types, plant cell and animal cell.• Both animal and plants cells consist of cytoplasm,nucleus and surrounded by a thin layer of plasma membrane.
  5. 5. WHAT IS ORGANELLE?The cytoplasm contains structurescalled organelles.Organelles perform specific functionswhich enables the cell to function as aunit of life.Besides the nucleus, other examples oforganelles include mitochondria,chloroplast, vacuoles, ribosomes,lysosomes and the Golgi apparatus.
  6. 6. cell membrane
  7. 7. Refers to all the membranes found inside the cell• the membrane at the surface which encloses the content of a cell is called plasma membrane.• made of proteins and phospholipids• separates the content of a cell from the outer environment.• semi-permeable and regulates the movement of substances into and out of the cytoplasm.
  8. 8. cell wall
  9. 9. • Rigid outer layer that surrounds the plasma membrane of plant cells• composed of cellulose,a a tough and fibrous carbohydrate• permeable to all fluids• gives shape to a plant cell• provides mechanical support• protection from rupturing
  10. 10. cytoplasm
  11. 11. • region between the nucleus and the plasma membrane.• jelly-like matrix in which organelles are suspended.• acts a a medium for biochemical reactionsin the cell.• provides substances obtained from the external environment to the organelles.
  12. 12. organelles andtheir functions
  13. 13. nucleus
  14. 14. • large,dense and spherical organelle enclosed by nuclear membrane• contain nucleolus, chromatin @ chromosome and nucleoplasm• choromosomes carry genetic information• controls all the activities which take place in the cell
  15. 15. vacuole
  16. 16. • fluid-filled sac surrounded by tonoplast• contain cell sap• plant cell contain more vacuole compared with animal cell• helps to regulate water balance• acts as a storage place in a cell• support herbaceous plant
  17. 17. mitochondria
  18. 18. • small spherical organelles• involved in cellular respiration• store energy in the form of ATP
  19. 19. ribosomes
  20. 20. • compact spherical organelles found attached to the surface of the rough endoplasmic reticulum or suspended freely in the cytoplasm• contains two subunits,comprises a type of ribonucleic acid (RNA) and protein• synthesis protein
  21. 21. endoplasmic reticulum
  22. 22. • physically continuos with the nuclear membrane• two types: rough ER and smooth ER• RER: transport protiens made by ribosome• SER: the site of important metabolic reactions,including synthesis of lipids
  23. 23. golgi apparatus• functions as a processing, packaging and transporting centre of carbohydrates, proteins, phospholipids and glycoproteins
  24. 24. lysosomes• membrane-bound sacs that contain hydrolytic enzymes• eliminate worn out mitochondria and others damaged organelles• digest bacteria by breaking down the bacteria cell wall
  25. 25. centrioles
  26. 26. chloroplasts
  27. 27. • typically lens-shaped• contain green pigment chlorophyll• chlorophyll traps sunlight and convert light energy to chemical energy during photosynthesis
  28. 28. • IQ TEST
  29. 29. QUESTION 1livings organisms are made of basic units known as ?• A – vacuole• B – nucleus• C – cell• D - muscle
  30. 30. Tahniah!jawapan anda betul!!So clever =)
  31. 31. Kurang tepat..sila cuba lagi ya =)
  32. 32. QUESTION 2Below are two types of cell except :• A – animal• B – plant• C – plasma membrane
  33. 33. Tahniah!jawapan anda betul!!So clever =)
  34. 34. Kurang tepat..sila cuba lagi ya =)
  35. 35. QUESTION 3Which of the following is true about the cell gives shape to a plant cell provides mechanical support protection from rupturing• A – cell wall• B – cell membrane• C – cytoplasma• D - vacoule
  36. 36. Tahniah!jawapan anda betul!!So clever =)
  37. 37. Kurang tepat..sila cuba lagi ya =)
  38. 38. QUESTION 4What picture is it?• A – nucleus• B – cell wall• C – mitochondria• D – cell membrane
  39. 39. Tahniah!jawapan anda betul!!So clever =)
  40. 40. Kurang tepat..sila cuba lagi ya =)
  41. 41. QUESTION 5 Which of the following is the function of chloroplast A - gives shape to a plant cell• B - contain green pigment chlorophyll• C - store energy in the form of ATP• D - provides mechanical support
  42. 42. Tahniah!jawapan anda betul!!So clever =)
  43. 43. Kurang tepat..sila cuba lagi ya =)